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Comparison between Korean Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism

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Sarah :)

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of Comparison between Korean Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism

Comparison between Korean Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism
Buddhist Culture
Wonhyo (617–686)
Blessing ceremonies
One for living
One for deceased
Buddha's Birthday Celebration Ceremony
Vegetarian Diet

Specifically avoid eating
Intoxicants and Drugs
Garlic and Onions
Dharma Drum & Large Drum (Gu)
Wooden Fish
Cloud shaped gong & gong
Brahma Bell & Large Bell (Qing)
Tang Dynasty
Unified Silla Period
Bulguksa Temple
ㅇㅇㅇDunhuang Arts
Longmen Arts
Korean Buddhist Art reached its Zenith during this period.
Synthesized arts of the period of the Three States and developed a refined and sophisticated style.
Broke off from the rustic style and showed a higher sense of beauty.
Fancier, more mature, and fully developed that also showed more internationality.
"The Great Master"
Mahayana Buddhism in East Asia
Kumgang Sammaegyong Non

Drank rotten water from a skull-cap
"There is nothing clean and nothing dirty; all things are made by mind."

Taught ordinary people
Xuanzang (602–664)
17-year pilgrimage to India (629-645)
Silk Road
Journey to the West

Brought Sanskrit texts
Translated Buddhist texts

Yogācāra School
Venerable Hyemin
Harvard and Princeton University
Professor at Hampshire College

Best seller:
Things You Can Finally See When You Stop

Ven. Abbot Yongxin
Shaolin Temple (age 17)

Protecting heritage, ancient architectures, classic books
Overseas cultural exchange
Classical period of Chinese art and literature: set the high standard to which later poets, painters, and sculptors aspired.
Skills were mature and artists of Tang created Chinese style painting.
No longer copied from Central Asian or Indian style paintings and sculptures.
Chan Buddhism became most influential Buddhist school in Tang dynasty: influenced many aspects of Chinese Culture and Chinese literati created a new style of painting called Literati Painting or Chan Painting.
Bulguk (Buddha Nation) -sa Temple presents itself as the Buddhist world understood by people of Unified Silla
Thought to help in protecting the nation
Unique structure: A single pagoda was commonly erected in front of the main hall of a monastery during Three Kingdoms Period, but from Unified Silla, two or three stone pagodas appeared.
Chongungyo and Paegungyo
A cave-monastery
Important feature: not cut into a cliff, as was customary in china, but an artificial stone structure covered with earth
Two chambers: a square antechamber and a main chamber.
Constructed in perfect harmony to portray a microcosmic Buddhist world
Designed to face the East Sea and the tomb of King Munmu in the sea.
Four Deva Kings
Statue of Buddha
Approximately 207 caves in Dunhuang from the Tang Dynasty.
The themes of Dunhuang paintings:
(1) illustrations of Pure Land
(2) illustrations of a particular sutra
(3) figures of Buddhas and bodhisattvas
(4) donors
Arrangement of figures: Buddha in the center with two Bhikhsu disciples on both sides, two bodhisattvas and two guardian gods. There are also other gods in some caves.
Represent the height of the Tang dynasty achievement, particularly sculptures made from 650-755 supported by Gaozong and Wu Zetian who were Buddhists.
Fengxiansi cave
, built during the time of Wuzetian, is a representative work of Tang.
Largest cave in Longmen with grand carvings of Buddhas
Altogether nine figures in this cave and the central figure is Vairocana Buddha on a lotus seat of 17.14 meter height
The largest kingdom during three kingdom period

The first kingdom which accepted the Buddhism

Buddhism was introduced by Chinese monk
Shun Dao
A tou
The most developed kingdom

Had good and stable relationship
with Japan
Had great effects on
Japanese culture
Introduction of Buddhism is
one of the effects

Buddhism was introduced by:
The most isolated kingdom
The last one accepted Buddhism

Aimed to comfort people and build up national power

Golden Age of Buddhism

Spread from Goguryeo
Chadon, Lee

Buddhism started to recede at the last stage of Silla
How it spread?
During sixth and seventh centuries many Korean monks went to China to study further philosophy of Buddhism and bring them back to Korea so that more people can understand Buddhism.

At the end of seventh century, Silla unified three kingdoms and therefore Buddhism flourished under their royal patronage.
Revival of Buddhism
With the collapse of Yi Dynasty, Korea came under Japan control.

Even the Buddhism was introduced to Japan from Baekje, but they had their own style of Buddhism.

So during the Japanese occupation period Japanese Buddhism was introduced to Korea.
Suppression of Buddhism
Yi dynasty (AKA Joseon Dynasty) started from 1392 to 1910. They set a new rule for themselves. That is let the Confucianism become the sole official religion of the state.

Nevertheless, occasionally some great monks who continued to inspire their followers and kept Buddhism alive.
Tripitaka Koreana
Three Baskets in Buddhism:

Code of conducts

Tripitaka, AKA "Tipitaka".

"Ti" means 3 and "Pitaka" means "baskets"in Pali
Tripitaka Koreana:
Defeating from enemy

23rd National Treasure

UNESCO world heritage

Collection of all the texts from China, Korea and Japan

mainly and widely used for Chinese Buddhists and scholars
Developmental stages reflect each other

: reached the zenith at a similar time period
: share great similarities in many different aspects of culture
: resemble each other in terms of their works and lives
Guang, Xing. "Buddhism and Chinese Visual Arts." Buddhism
and Chinese Visual Arts. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. 9 Apr. 2014. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

"'Hyemin Snim’ to Be Published Worldwide."
The Korea Times
. N.p., 12
Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.

Jeong, Byeong Jo, and Jae Woong Kim.
Master Wonhyo: An Overview
of His Life and Teachings.
Seoul: Diamond Sutra Recitation Group, 2010. PDF.

"Journey to Pulguk Monastery." Web log post. TTEarth.
TTEarth.korea, n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ttearth.com/world/asia/korea/gyeongju/bulguksa2.htm#.U18CH175TG5>.

Lancaster, Lewis R., and Chai-Shin Yu. Assimilation of
Buddhism in Korea: Religious Maturity and Innovation in the Silla Dynasty. Vol. 4. Berkeley, CA: Asian Humanities, 1991. Print.Lancaster, Lewis R., and Chai-Shin Yu. Assimilation of

Pictures of the Fengxiansi Cave. Digital image. Welcome to
Longmen Grottoes. Longmen Grottoes Management Committee, 25 Apr. 2011. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. <http://henan.chinadaily.com.cn/longmen/2011-04/25/content_12387822.htm>.

Rokdam. "Sokkat'ap and Tabotap." Web log post. The
Sightseeings of Rokdam. N.p., 9 Apr. 2013. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. <http://blog.daum.net/you-rokdam/8262524>.

芝菴. "Seokguram." Web log post. N.p., 2 Apr. 2010. Web. 9
Apr. 2014. <http://blog.daum.net/lation/5466083>.

Ugi, Hae. Pictures of Tabotap. Digital image. Haeugi's Small
Room. N.p., 3 Sept. 2013. Web. 9 Apr. 2014. <http://dksgodnr.tistory.com/entry/불국사-석가탑과-다보탑>.

"Ven. Abbot Yongxin Biography."
Shaolin Temple.
N.p., n.d. Web. 28
Apr. 2014.

"Xuanzang's Record of the Western Regions."
University of Washington
Silk Road Seattle
. Trans. Samuel Beal. University of Washington, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
Thank you :)
The Western Paradise of Amitabha Buddha, Cave 217, Dunhuang, c.750 CE
Full transcript