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Transcript of Phobias
2. Specific phobias
3. Agoraphobia How Many People Have Phobias? Phobias are often under reported because many phobia sufferers find ways to avoid phobic situations. Because of this, statistics that measure how many people suffer from phobias vary widely. Phobias affect over 6 million people in the United States, and the average age of acquiring a phobia is 10 years old. Some Interesting Facts Women are twice as likely to suffer from phobias than men.
The most common phobias that people suffer from are social phobia, agoraphobia, claustrophobia, coulrophobia, aerophobia, zoophobia, arachnophobia, dentophobia, aichmophobia, ophidiophobia, acrophobia mysophobia, and fear of blood.
Phobias are said to affect every 28 out of 100 people, 7-13% of the population.
Alcoholics are 10 times more likely to suffer from a phobia. Causes and Risk
Factors of Phobias It is believed that most phobias run in families, are influenced by culture and how one is parented, and can be prompted by various different life events. Classical Conditioning is also shown as a contributor to the development of phobias. As it relates to phobias, in classical conditioning, a person responds to something frightening by generalizing the fear of that specific object or situation to more generalized objects or situations. Children whose parents were often over protective and paranoid or distant with them, are more at danger for developing some sort of phobia. The Examples Caulrophobia (Fear of Clowns) A person can be affected just by meeting someone who dresses up as a clown for their job. Some people who were asked "what causes this fear?" claim that it is when they see a clown on tv and when they meet someone who is actually dressed up as a clown they get uncomfortable, because they do not know how the clown will interact with them. (Johnson, Bruce. " Coulrophobia." Coulrophobia.) Arachnophobia (Fear of Spiders) Fear of spiders will cause some people to either run away from a spider or just not move at all, without any idea about how to deal with the situation. This fear can eventually lead a person to avoiding situations where they will be more prone to encountering a spider, such as, camping. (Fritscherj, Lisa. "Spider Fears or Arachnophobia.") Acrophobia (Fear of Heights) People who suffer from acrophobia, are affected by anything that is substantially far above the ground. Some symptoms include having an urge to jump off the edge of a building and dizziness. (16. Bourne) Works Cited Edmund, Bourne J., PhD. The Anxiety & Phobia Workbook. Fifth ed. Oakland California: New Harbinger, 2010. Print. "Edmund J. Bourne PhD has been noted by other authors of psychology books such as Reid Wilson and Christopher McCullough. He is also a member of Institute of Noetic Sciences, which focuses on "conducts, sponsors, and collaborates on leading-edge research into the potentials and powers of consciousness, exploring phenomena that do not necessarily fit conventional scientific models while maintaining a commitment to scientific rigor."
Fritscherj, Lisa. "Spider Fears or Arachnophobia." About.com Phobias. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2012. <http://phobias.about.com/od/introductiontophobias/a/arachnophobia.htm>. "This source seemed reliable because it gave multiple examples of the arachnophobia. It also gave depth for the phobia. It was also approved by Medical Review Board. "
Johnson, Bruce. "Coulrophobia." Coulrophobia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2012. <http://www.charliethejugglingclown.com/coulrophobia.htm>.This source explained the reasons why young children are afraid of clowns. It made more sense because it based it off a child’s perspective.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatryhttp://www.aacap.org
American Counseling Associationhttp://www.counseling.org
American Psychiatric Associationhttp://www.psych.org
American Psychological Associationhttp://helping.apa.org
Anxiety Disorders Association of Americahttp://www.adaa.org/
Freedom From Fearhttp://www.freedomfromfear.org
National Anxiety Foundation3135 Custer Dr.Lexington, KY 40517-4001606-272-7166
National Association of Social Workershttp://www.naswdc.org
National Mental Health Associationhttp://www.nmha.org
National Panic/Anxiety Disorder News, Inc.http://www.npadnews.com
ABIL, Inc. (Agoraphobics Building Independent Lives)ABIL1996@aol.com
A.I.M. (Agoraphobics in Motion)email@example.com
Oakland: New Harbinger, 2010. Print.
Mental Health, N. (2006). Facts About Phobias. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 25, 2012, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/2006/facts-about-phobias/
"This was a very reliable source because it gave a lot of information about phobias. I learned the different kinds of phobias and what differentiates them from each other, the treatments and assessments, and also how to cope with phobias. The source was from found from a very educated website. Everything was factual and very helpful with this assignment. " "People will go out of their way to avoid the stressful situations because they are so fearful. " "It is estimated that 6 million Americans have phobias and the prime age of acquirement is 10. Most people won't report that they have a phobia." "Phobias are seen as case of classical conditioning and cultural influence. Family members and friends can influence phobias too." "Social phobia is a fear of public situations. Ex- public speaking
Specific phobia is a fear of paticular items
Agoraphobia is a fear of being outside." Can People Cope With Phobias? People who suffer from a phobia(s) can easily learn how to cope with them and overcome any fears that they have. Specialists have shown that talking about their fears, avoiding stressful situations, imagining themselves facing their fears, and positively reinforcing themselves, can help to ease some of the symptoms and make for a smooth recovery process. "Phobias are easy to over come. Specialist have found many ways to help them cope with their fears." Symptoms of Phobias and Signs
to Look For People with phobias often have panic attacks. They can also suffer from physical symptoms like excessive shaking, sweating, trouble breathing and thinking, nausea, skyrocketing heartbeat and blood pressure, and an overwhelming want to escape a certain situation. Sometimes, extreme measures might be taken to escape the situation. For instance, if someone suffers from arachnophobia, they will react to seeing a spider differently than someone who just doesn’t like spiders. The arachnophobic individual might start hyperventilating or even throw up, as opposed to just running away or killing it like a non-arachnophobic individual. Phobics’ reactions are a lot more extreme than non-phobics. "Panic attacks are often associated with phobias. Suffers also can have physical symptoms and want to escape the situation. "
How Phobias are Evaluated and Treated Phobias can often be linked with other medical conditions. Schizophrenia and anxiety disorders being the main ones. Psychotherapy/desensitization and some medications have proven to be most successful in treating phobias. Cognitive behavioral theory is another approach at treating phobias. It decreases phobic symptoms by helping the subject alter their way of thinking. Cognitive behavioral therapy uses three techniques: 1. Didactic component, cognitive component, and behavioral component. When desensitization and CBT are ineffective, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used. They are medications that affect the level of serotonin in the brain. Another medication used are beta-blockers, which decrease the physical symptoms associated with panic by blocking the effects of adrenaline on the body. Overall, cognitive therapy and relaxation training are the most effective methods in treating phobias. "Desensitization, cognitive behavioral theory, and medications are some ways of treating phobias. The most effective ways are cognitive therapy and relaxation training." What happens if a phobia is left untreated? When phobias are left untreated, they can have serious affects on that person’s life. If someone is agoraphobic and they leave it untreated, then over time, that person may never be able to leave their house because their fear is so intense. Agoraphobia is often the most untreated phobia, because of obvious circumstances. People should not let phobias constrict their lives; there are treatments out there.
"People let phobias constrict their lives by not treating them. If phobias are left untreated they can alter that person's life forever." There is help out there If you or someone you know suffers from a phobia, don’t hesitate to contact any of these associations.