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land and between two rivers

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Neill Torres

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of land and between two rivers

The First Cities
as farming succeeded in Mesopotamia ,communities began to build up surpluses of food . In time , food surpluses encouraged the growth of cities. By 3500 b.c.
Although cities in Sumer shared a common culture and language, they did not unite under a single ruler. Instead, they remained politically independent city-state.
A Brief tour of sumerian city
Publics squares bustled with activity. In the marketplaces, merchants displayed goods in outdoor stalls. sumerian houses faced away from the crowded streets, onto inner courtyards where families ate and children played.
The Geographic Setting
Mesopotamia's name describes its location. The word "Mesopotamia" means "between the rivers". Mesopotamia lies between two rivers, the tigris and the Euphrates. Mesopotamia is part of the Fertile Crescent (a region in southwest Asia that was the site of the world's first civilization.
land and between two rivers
Rivers of Life and Death
The Tigris and the Euphrates rivers were the source of life for peoples of Mesopotamia. In the spring, melting snow picked up tons of topsoil as it rushed down from the mountains and flooded the land. Farmers grew crops in the soil. The rivers also supplied fish, clay for building, and tall, strong reeds used to make boats.
Independent cities form
Sumerian Religion
A stranger coming to a Sumerian city could easily notice a giant brick building at the heart of the city. It was the ziggurat (ZIG oo rat ) the site of the temple to the main god or goddes of the city.
Sumerian Temples
religious,social, and economic activities all took place at the temple sites. Ziggurats were pyramids made of terraces,one on top of another, linked by ramps and stairs. Some were more than seven stories high.
Ancient Religious Beliefs
The people of Sumer worshiped many gods and goddesses. This practice is know as polytheism.
Honoring the Gods
The sumerians honored their gods in religious ceremonies. Temple priest washed the statues of gods before and after each meal was offered. Music sounded and incese burned as huge plates of food were laid before them.
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