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Establishing Effective Group Performance: Steiner's Model

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Emma McCormack

on 16 October 2017

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Transcript of Establishing Effective Group Performance: Steiner's Model

Establishing Effective Group Performance:
Steiner's Model

Actual productivity:
When a group uses its potential productivity to meet the task demands.
This is stable and includes knowledge, skills & talent.
Steiner's Model in a sporting context:
Team success = potential for success - effect of co-ordination & motivational problems
Write your own example of when you have noticed these losses occurring in a sporting situation.
Discuss this with the person next to you.

How could you change some of these aspects to improve team performance?
Social Loafing
Group Task!
3 x sprint races.

Steiner created a model to help explain the relationship between individuals and performance
Potential productivity
: this is the groups best possible performance, given resources and task demands.
Losses due to faulty processes
: the coach needs to minimise these losses, which are 1) co-ordination losses or 2) motivational losses - what do you think these losses may be in sport?
Co-ordination losses examples:

duplication of effort
lack of communication
difficulty in integrating
poor timing
ineffective strategies
Motivational losses examples:

reduction in effort
loss of confidence
relying on others
Potential for success

The resources and task demands might include:

individual abilities
individual/group physiological and psychological resources
individual skill levels
group skill levels
group knowledge
3 different conditions:

1) individual sprint
2) team timed
3) individually timed
What do you expect the results to be for each condition?
This is when group members do not put in 100% effort when they are in a group or team situation.
When is this most likely to happen?

It is usually down to losses in motivation.

It is most evident when you can't identify contributions of individuals.

These people often lack confidence, have a H.NAch, and might be highly anxious. They are concerned that they won't make a useful contribution.
Ways to reduce social loafing:

Captain could grade each players' performance
Tell team members that one of them will be videoed for the whole match
Man of the match award
Collate match statistics
Designate each member a role
Threat of substitution/replacement
Keep fitness levels high
What methods could you use as a coach or captain to reduce social loafing?

Discuss this with the person next to you and make a list.
Social Loafing Definition
When some individuals in a group lose motivation, apparently caused by the individual losing identity when placed in a group. Individual efforts may not be recognised by those who are spectating or by those taking part.
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