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The Lives of Children during the great depression
Transcript of The Lives of Children during the great depression
Role in their Family
Most kids worked in sweatshops with long hours and very poor pay to help support their families. Boys did typically did more and harsher work then girls. On the other hand, they both still had roles in factories. The girls worked on sewing and weaving clothes and gloves. A lot of children also worked in their family’s business or worked in sweatshops. Boys did meat packing. Most children today work for themselves. During the Great Depression, children worked to support their families.
Homeless Children and Families
The Great Depression of the 1930s affected every middle-class family. Families struggled to find work to pay the bills.
The families that were already poor before the economic drop just fell harder into starvation and homelessness. There were pockets of deep, entrenched poverty in especially certain areas in the U.S. (mainly New York) until the 1970s. Many families became homeless, living in shantytowns or shelters.
Many parents, while attempting to get back on their feet, sent their children to live with others. In December of 1934, more than 23,000 children were in institutional or foster-home care.
Families major declines in wealth of course impacted the children with their education, clothing, environment, and food.
Schooling and Education
Some children couldn't go to school since many rural areas lacked schools
If you lived far back in the mountains, you wouldn't be able go to high school
Many poor students went to school hungry because at home, their parents didn't have anything to feed them
Typically, students brought lunches because there wasn't a school lunch program
Many children dropped out of school to work for their family
Schools across America closed down because of lack of money
The Lives of Children during the great depression
What was it like for children growing up during the Great Depression of the 1930s?
The Great Depression
The 1930s were the years of the Great Depression in the United States. It was the greatest economic downturn in the history of the Western world. The Great Depression soon began after a major stock market crash, wiping out millions of investors.
Back in the 1930s, the greatest entertainment most children had were from their own imagination. Kids used what ever was laying around and created scenarios, games, and toys out of it. Girls made their own rag dolls, children played schoolyard games such as jump rope, tag, and Ring Around The Rosie, Some kids also had a ball, classic, bicycle, and for the winter, they might have a wooden sled. Many children also had puzzles and board games. A lot of families also had radios, where children would tune into the morning cartoons. Furthermore, popular children's books were Mary Poppins, Nancy Drew Mysteries, and The Hobbit.
During the Great Depression years, America's obsession with young actors sky rocketed. The craze began in 1934 with the six-year old singer, dancer, and actress named Shirley Temple. Attracted by Temple's innocence, cheerful actions, and impressive talents, audiences were fascinated by her. Throughout the 1930s, Temple was celebrated by many fans, and gave the nation high spirits during the economic crisis.
Between 1935 and 1938, Temple appeared in dozens of films including Poor Little Rich Girl (1935), Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1938), and The Little Princess (1939).
Across the United States, there were"Beautiful Baby" contests, with a screen test as the prize by photographers and theater owners. One hundred child actors arrived in Hollywood each day. Some television producers and directors claimed that the tested over 100,000 children for their films.
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As blacks moved to the North more Northern communities had set up segregated school systems even contrary to law or tradition.
Many black children had limited public funding's for education.
Segregation reinforced that separate schools for black children were inferior to white schools.
There were attempts to withdraw even little money from black schools in order to fund white schools.