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Transcript of Swami Vivekananda
Meeting Sri Ramakrishna
After Sri Ramakrishna's Passing.. To the West!
Parliament of Religions
Travelling U.S.A., Europe, and Return to India
Narendra Nath Datta (Swami Vivekananda’s real name) was born on January 12, 1863 in Kolkata, India. His nickname was Biley.
Biley was a mischievous boy and always got into trouble. He always gave his mother’s clothes to beggars and loved to play king. He took his sister’s doll, and if somebody took it back, he would get angry. To control him, his mother would give him a bath in water and say, “Shiva, Shiva, Shiva” multiple times so that he would be calm.
Biley’s father and mother were Vishwanath Datta - who was a successful attorney with interests in a wide range of subjects - and Bhuvaneshwari Devi - who was endowed with deep devotion, strong character, and other qualities. Biley had 2 brothers and 2 sisters.
One day, Biley and his friends were setting up a play-set. But, they could not lift up a steel frame to make the set firm.
Then, a British sailor volunteered to help the boys. He lifted the frame and attached it himself.
Suddenly, the frame’s bar fell on the sailor, and he fell down unconscious with blood gushing out of his head.
Most of Biley’s friends ran away in fear. However, Biley stayed, ripped his clothes and bandaged the soldier. Biley and his remaining friends carried the sailor to a hospital and raised money for the sailor’s treatment and departure back to England.
Thanks to Biley and his friends, the sailor lived.
Biley and his friends loved to pretend being king and a monk.
One day, they were pretending to be monks and went into meditation. A poisonous snake came and all of Biley’s friends, who were not really meditating, ran away and tried to bring him along.
However Biley - who was actually in deep mediation and did not see or hear anything going on - just sat there.
Amazingly, the snake came close to Biley, watched him for a while, and went away.
Later, when Biley opened his eyes, his friends explained to him what had happened and told him that he was a true monk.
Biley always tested the truth. Once he and his friends were up an old man’s tree.
The old man came out and said, "Hey you boys, come down from that tree. It has a ghost in it that kills people."
Biley’s friends came down in fright. Biley didn't believe it, but came down in respect to the old man’s wishes.
So, on another day he climbed the tree, and nothing happened to him.
So he knew that there were no ghosts. When he grew up he said, “Never believe anything until you have found the truth out for yourself.”
Biley was always fascinated with the local ascetics and monks who came by his home.
Biley gave whatever he could get in his reach to these monks.
One day, his mother locked him in her bedroom to make him stop giving away their belongings. However, that did not stop Biley. He threw his mother’s clothes to the beggars out the window.
Then, his mother came and asked him why was he always giving away their belongings to the monks.
His response was, “We have many things mother, but they have nothing.”
Swami's house in Kolkata
Due to Naren’s urge to find someone who had seen god, he was lead to Sri Ramakrishna who lived in Dakshineshwar.
He began talking with Sri Ramakrishna. They talked as if they knew each other for years.
Naren immediately asked Sri Ramakrishna his question: “Sir, Have you seen god?”
Sri Ramakrishna answered, “Yes I have seen him just as I see you, except in a deeper sense.
Naren grew fond of Sri Ramakrishna and kept on going to Dakshineshwar.
His father wanted Naren to get married but he rejected the idea.
However, Naren’s father died. The family had used a lot of their money, so they were poor. Naren had to find a way to earn for the family.
Naren went to Sri Ramakrishna, and he told Naren to go to Ma Kali’s temple and ask for money.
However, Naren went and could not ask for money. Instead, he asked for devotion to God. Sri Ramakrishna sent him back 3 times only to get the same result.
Sri Ramakrishna said that Naren was a true devotee of God
Naren soon got a job as a headmaster of a school.
He came to Dakshineshwar frequently to learn about spirituality from Sri Ramakrishna.
He accepted Sri Ramakrishna as his guru.
Sri Ramakrishna had sixteen disciples – including Naren – who came regularly to Dakshineshwar.
These sixteen disciples eventually became the first sixteen monks of the Sri Ramakrishna Order.
Ramakrishna's Passing Away
After Sri Ramakrishna’s death, his sixteen disciples took leave of Sri Ramakrishna’s wife Sarada Devi (“Holy Mother”), and went to Baranagar. They established a math there.
The monks took their vows of sanyaasa (or renunciation) and took up their monastic names.
Naren’s name was at first Swami Vividhisananda, which was not generally used. Eventually he took up the name Swami Vivekananda.
Swami Vivekananda told his fellow monks that he was going to travel the whole of India alone.
He went and taught many people along his journey, during which many became his followers.
He made friends with the rich, the poor, the untouchables, anyone and everyone.
Swamiji knew that he would have to take Sri Ramakrishna’s message to the West, just as Buddha took his message to the East.
However, he needed the call and the money to get to America.
Swamiji needed money to go to the West.
For this reason, devotees gave whatever they could to sponsor Swamiji’s trip to America.
Two main contributors for Swamiji’s trip were Alasinga (a devotee) and the Maharaj (King) of Khetri.
When Alasinga had gathered the necessary money required for the trip, Swamiji told him that he had not received the call. He made Alasinga distribute the money to the poor.
One day, while Swamiji was in the south of India, he swam to a rock off the shore of the ocean. He meditated there for hours. This rock is now known as Vivekananda Rock, located off the shore of Kanyakumari. There, Swamiji saw a vision of Sri Ramakrishna walking over the sea westward, beckoning him to come forward and follow him. He confirmed his vision with the Holy Mother and knew that the time for him to go West had come.
Maharaja of Khetri sponsored a large portion of Swami Vivekananda’s trip to the West. In appreciation of their friendship, he gave his turban to Swamiji.
After a long boat ride through Singapore and Japan, Swami Vivekananda reached Chicago in July.
Vivekananda found out in Chicago that the Parliament had been postponed until September, and he had to be sponsored by an organization to become a delegate.
He boarded a train to Boston, and on the train met Miss Kate Sanborn. She invited him to stay at her house. Swamiji was very much blessed, as he had little money left with him.
At Miss Sanborn's home, Vivekananda met Professor J.H. Wright. He explained to the professor his difficulty in becoming a delegate. Professor Wright immediately agreed to write the credentials necessary for Vivekananda to become a delegate.
The selection committee of the parliament accepted the credentials written by Professor Wright, and Vivekananda departed to Chicago.
However, in Chicago, he had a stroke of bad luck and lost the address of the Parliament of Religions, as well as all of his remaining money.
He asked many the way to the Parliament of Religions. But, no one knew what he was talking about.
In the night, he entered an empty wagon in a railroad freight yard and slept there. In the morning, however, he was chased out by a policeman.
A kind woman named Mrs. Hale had observed Swamiji from her window. She invited Swamiji to her house after hearing all of his difficulties. After he had eaten and rested, she took him to the office of the Parliament.
At the Parliament, many of the Indian delegates were ashamed of Swamiji, as they thought that he gave India a bad name.
Swami Vivekananda started his speech with the famous words "Sisters and Brothers of America!" which thrilled the audience and resulted in a standing ovation.
He clearly explained what God meant to the Hindu mind, and many were moved by his words. After the Parliament, Swamiji was the subject of discussion everywhere, and he no longer had any troubles in America.
He spoke and had lectures whenever he was requested to do so, and each of his sermons drew vast audiences.
In Texas, some fanatic people began to act rough with Swamiji. They threw tomatoes and eggs at him, but he remained strong and did not take notice of their actions. The mob was amazed, and acknowledged Swamiji's courage.
After traveling U.S.A., Swamiji went to England where he spoke quite a bit. It was there that he met Margaret Noble, who revered and idolized Swamiji.
In his second visit to America, he established a Vedanta Society in New York. Before he left America, he left responsibility to Brother Saradananda. He did the same in England, with another brother disciple.
Vivekananda returned to India on January 15, 1897 to a loud and enthusiastic welcome. He organized his followers into a group of spiritual and social workers. They helped the poor, needy, and sick.
One day, Margaret Noble came from England to India. She was later known as Sister Nivedita after being intitialized by Swamiji. She learned much about India and set up a school there.
One day, during a trip to the Himalayas, Vivekananda had a vision of Shiva, the god of destruction. Infinite energy filled his being, and he came back transformed. He realized he would not live until forty and had a lot of work to do.
He paid a visit to the spiritual centers he had established in the west. Vivekananda also continued helping the poor in India with his group of followers.
Swamiji established this math in Belur near the Ganges.
This was a place where the disciples of Sri Ramakrishna could freely live and practice spiritual disciplines.
Swamiji designed the layout of this temple, but it was only completed after his passing away.
His health was failing, however. On July fourth, he ate lunch with his disciples. At seven in the evening, he spent an hour in meditation.
He called the disciple who attended on him, and lay quietly in bed. By the time his other followers came, Swamiji had already passed away. He was not yet forty.
In nine years of his missionary life (1893-1902), Swami Vivekananda had accomplished what no man could have achieved in a 100 years.
Made and Presented by..
1) How did Biley’s mother calm him down?
A. She screamed at him
B. She dumped water on him
C. She grounded him
D. She dumped water on him and said “Shiva” many times
2) What did the snake do to Biley?
A. It bit him
B. It stared at him and went away
C. It went away
D. It asked him who it should bite
3) What was the name of Naren’s college?
A. The Scottish College of Calcutta
B. The British College of Calcutta
C. UC Berkeley
4)Where did Sri Ramakrishna live?
A. Fremont, CA
B. Belur Math
5) How many disciples did Sri Ramakrishna have?
A. 15 & 1/2
D. 1, 000,000,000,000,000
6)What was the name of the rock Swamiji went to meditate on?
A. A rock
B. Vivekananda rock
C. Swami rock
D. Guru stone
7) How did Swamiji come to America?
A. He flew
B. He teleported
C. He drove a car across the ocean
D. He went by ship
8) What were Swamiji’s famous words at the Parliament of Religions?
B. Ladies and gentlemen
C. Sisters and brothers of America
D. Good afternoon
9) What was the name of the math he founded?
A. Belur math
B. Baranagar math
D. Sri Ramakrishna math
10)What age was Swamiji closest to before he passed away?
Correct Answer: D
Correct Answer: B
Correct Answer: D
Correct Answer: A
Correct Answer: B
Correct Answer: 16
Correct Answer: C
Correct Answer: D
Correct Answer: B
Correct Answer: A
Never allow weakness to overtake your mind.• You have
to build the body by good nutritious food- then only will
the mind be strong.• Fear is death, fear is sin, fear is hell,
fear is unrighteousness, fear is wrong life.• What we think
we become…Fill the brain, therefore with high thoughts,
highest ideals, place them day and night before you, and
out of that will come great work.
¢There is only one method by which to
attain knowledge, that which is called
concentration.• The very essence of
education is concentration of mind.• All
success in any line of work is the result of
this. High achievements in art, music, etc
are the results of concentration.• Practice of
meditation…leads to mental concentration.
Background, Early Childhood
Sense of Duty
The Kindness of Biley
Verification of Truth and Bravery
First Meeting Sri Ramakrishna
Funds for the West
The Calling for America
Maharaja of Khetri
Arrival in America
Trouble in Chicago
Parliament of Religions
England and Return to U.S.A
Return to India