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Peru

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rachel cooper

on 20 October 2015

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Transcript of Peru

Peru
rachel cooper
Peru is a country in South America that's home to a section of Amazon rainforests and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city set high in the Andes mountains. The area surrounding Machu Picchu, including the Sacred Valley, the Inca Trail and the lively city of Cusco, is also rich in Incan sites as well as hiking, rafting and mountain-biking opportunities.
Capital: Lima
Founded: July 28, 1821
Currency: Peruvian nuevo sol
Population: 30.38 million (2013)
Facts about Peru:
Top 10 foods in Peru:
1.
Ceviche:
Ceviche is a seafood dish popular in the coastal regions of Latin America. The dish is typically made from fresh raw fish cured in citrus juices, such as lemon or lime, and spiced with aji or chili peppers.
2.
Cuy: cuy (pronounced "kwee"), which is.... guinea pig. While it might seem unconventional to tuck into furry critters better known as domesticated pets in the West, this indigenous mammal has been a staple in Peru's Andean diet for around 5,000 years.
3.
Causa:
Butifarras, also known as Jamon del Pais, is a sandwich with "Peruvian ham", sliced onions, sliced chili peppers, lime, salt, pepper, oil, in a type of white bread roll. Causa, in its basic form, is a mashed yellow potato dumpling mixed with key lime, onion, chili and oil.
4.
Lomo Saltado
: Lomo Saltado is a popular, traditional Peruvian dish, a stir fry that is typically combines marinated strips of sirloin, or other beef steak , with onions, tomatoes, and other ingredients, served with fried potato slices and rice.
5.
Aji de Gallina:
A popular Peruvian dish of chicken in a mildly spicy creamy sauce thickened with breadcrumbs and ground nuts. Served with rice and/or boiled potatoes.
6.
Anticuchos
: Beef heart marinated, skewered, and seared over the grill. This is a very typical and popular Peruvian dish. They are popular and inexpensive dishes that originated in Peru in the pre-Columbian era; other Andean states, such as Chile and Bolivia, adopted the recipe.
7.
Rocoto Relleno
: Rocoto relleno is the Peruvian variety of Stuffed Peppers, a dish popular in the city of Arequipa, a city in the Andes mountains located in the southern parts of Peru which is famous for its take on dishes derived originally from Spain
8.
Alpaca
: In the Northern Hemisphere, the name alpaca refers to expensive wool used to make sweaters and socks. In the Andean highlands, this camelid (a smaller cousin of the llama) has also been a source of meat for centuries. The taste is similar to buffalo or other grass-fed meats: somewhat gamier than beef and very lean. Alpaca’s lack of greasiness makes for excellent jerky, which coincidentally is another ancient Peruvian culinary innovation. (The name comes from the Quechua word charqui, meaning “to burn.”)
9.
Pouteria Lucuma
:The lúcuma is a subtropical fruit native to the Andean valleys of Chile, Ecuador, and Peru. Lúcuma has been found on ceramics at burial sites of the indigenous people of coastal Peru.
10.
Pollo a la Brasa
: Pollo a la Brasa, also known as Peruvian chicken or Blackened chicken in the United States and Charcoal Chicken in Australia, is a common dish of Peruvian cuisine and one of the most consumed in Peru, along with ceviche, and Chifa.
Top 10 foods in the United States:
1. Hamburgers
2. Hot Dogs
3. French fries
4. Oreos
5. Pizza
6. Soft Drinks
7. Chicken Tenders
8. Ice Cream
9. Donuts
10. Potato Chips
Dances of Peru:
1. Chujchu
2. Qhpaq Ch' unchu
3. Kapac Qolla
4. Qhapaq Negro
5. Contradanza
6. Danzaq
7. K'Achampa
8. Majeno
9. Qoyacha
10. Ch'unchacha
11. Saqra
12. Doctores 0 Sijlla Wayra
13. Auqa Chileno
14. Waka Waka
15. Panaderos
16.Maqtas
17. Paucartambus
18. Wallata
Popular Dances in the United States:
1. Cha Cha Slide
2. The Electric Slide
3. The Macarena
4. The Twist
5. YMCA
6. Hand Jive
7. Thriller
8. Cotton Eyed Joe
9. Teach me how to Dougie
10. The Walts
Top 10 music in Peru:
1. Danza Kuduro- Don Omar Con Lucenzo
2. Tu Angelito- Chino Y Nacho
3. Si no le contesto- Plan B
4. Estoy Enamorado- Wisin Y Yandel
5. La Despedida- Daddy Yankee
6. Dime Gitana- Marisol Y la Magia del Norte
7. Tus recuerdos son mi dios- Pipe Calderon
8. Estar Enamorado- Golpe A Golpe
9. Hasta Abajo- Don Omar con Daddy Yankee
10. Nadie te amara como yo- Dyland Y Lenny
Top 10 music in the United States:
1. The Hills- The weekend
2. Hotline Bling- Drake
3. What do you mean?- Justin Bieber
4. Watch me- Silento
5. 679- Fetty Wap ft. Remy Boyz
6. Can't feel my face- The weekend
7. Locked away- R. city ft. Adam Levine
8. Stiches- Shawn Mendes
9. Wildest dreams- Taylor Swift
10.Good for you - Selena Gomez ft. A$AP Rocky
Religion in Peru:
The predominant religion is Roman Catholic, but there is a scattering of other Christian faiths. Indigenous Peruvians, however, have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs. An example is the near synonymous association of Pacha Mama (Mother Earth) and the Virgin Mary.

Clothing in Peru:
Clothing in the United States:
Famous People in Peru:
1. Nathalie Kelley- Movie Actress
2. Henry Ian Cusic- TV Actor
3. Isabel Allende- Author
4. Paolo Guerrero- Soccer Player
5. Christian Meier- Tv Actor
6. Natalie Vertiz- Model
7. Mario Testino- Photographer
8. Claudio Pizarro- Soccer Player
9. Sofia Mulanovich- Surfer
10. Silvana Arias- Soap Opera Actress
11. Ollanta Humala- Politician
12. Teofilo Cubillas- Soccer Player
13. Rossana Fernandez- Tv Actress
14. Jefferson Farfan- Soccer Player
15. Jo De La Rosa- Reality Star
16. Yma Sumac- Singer
Famous people in the United States:
1. Muhammad Ali
2. Louis Armstrong
3. Neil Armstrong
4. Buffalo Bill
5. Al Capone
6. James Dean
7. Walt Disney
8. Thomas Edison
9. Benjamin Franklin
10. Michael Jackson
11. Michael Jordan
12. Martin Luther King Jr.
13. Madonna
14. Marilyn Monroe
15. Elvis Presley
16. Bruce Springsteen
17. Wright Brothers

Sports played in Peru:
1. Soccer
, football, or fútbol, is the most popular sport in Peru. Sadly, Peruvian soccer successes have been rare since the glory days of the 1970s. A lack of grassroots investment has seen the national team battling with Bolivia for the bottom spot in World Cup qualifying. But Peruvian men are still obsessed with the game, so you’ll find plenty of opportunities to play during your travels.
Famous Players:
Nolberto Solano, Juan Manuel “Loco” Vargas, Claudio Pizarro, Paolo Guerrero.
Top Teams:
Alianza Lima, Sporting Cristal, Universitario de Deportes
Volleyball
Soccer is very much a male-dominated sport in Peru, while the female population takes control of the volleyball courts. The national women’s team is a major player on the world scene, occupying 15th spot in the FIVB Senior World Rankings as of January 2011. At a recreational level, volleyball provides a sporting and social activity for women of all ages. Some “friendly” contests become quite serious, particularly when the female competitors decide to play for money.

Famous Players: Cecilia Tate, Gabriela Perez de Solar, Natalia Málaga
Surfing
Surfing is popular along the length of Peru’s extensive coastline, with some world-famous waves in the north near Máncora and Puerto Chicama. Thanks to the Pan-American Highway, surfers can easily travel the length of the coast, stopping off at Peru’s various surfing hotspots.
Famous Peruvian Surfers: Felipe Pomar (1965 World Surfing Champion), Sofia Mulanovich (2004 World Open Champion, Surfers' Hall of Fame 2007)
Tennis
Tennis remains a niche sport in Peru, and one typically played by affluent city-dwellers. Public courts are rare outside the big cities, but you can often find a court or two in resorts and recreation centers. Despite the game’s niche status, Peru has still managed to produce some notable tennis players, including.
Jaime Yzaga: ATP World Ranking of 18 (1989), defeated Pete Sampras in the 1994 US Open
Luis Horna: Winner of the men's doubles title in the 2008 French Open
Boxing & Martial Arts
Boxing is a minor sport in terms of participation, but the rise of Kina Malpartida has sent television viewing figures through the roof. In 2009, Malpartida won the WBA World Championship super featherweight title, followed by a string of successful defenses. She quickly became a media sensation in Peru, despite the general lack of interest in the sport as a whole.

Taekwondo doesn’t have such a popular figurehead, but the sport has been growing in popularity since the 1970s. Taekwondo clubs are common throughout Peru.
Motor racing
Peru’s main domestic motor racing event is the Caminos del Inca Rally, an annual rally event attended by some of the world’s top drivers. The route starts in Lima, passing through Huancayo, Ayacucho, Cusco and Arequipa before heading back to the capital. 2012 and 2013 have both seen stages of the famous Dakar Rally in Peru.
Motorbikes outnumber cars in many Peruvian towns, so the rise of motocross was almost inevitable. Off-road circuits vary in size and structure, but the events are always exciting. If you have the chance, try to catch a Motokar Cross competition, a race between souped-up mototaxi rickshaws piloted by one driver and one copilot, the latter clinging to the back seat.
Bull fighting
Bullfighting is a popular spectator sport in Peru, despite public opinion showing signs of a shift from universal respect to revulsion. In 2008, a poll conducted by the University of Lima found that 79.4 percent of Lima residents disagreed with bullfighting, according to the Spanish-language Peru21 website. Opinion in the Peruvian capital is not always in line with the provinces, but it’s a telling figure nonetheless.

Main Event: Bullfights at Lima’s Plaza de Toros de Acho during the annual Señor de los Milagros festival in October and November
CockfightinG
Most Peruvian towns have at least one cockfighting arena. These bouts of small-scale gruesomeness often attract large crowds, with the assembled masses placing bets on the unfortunate gallos de pelea (fighting cocks). As with bullfighting, the merits of cockfighting tend to divide opinion among Peruvians. Cockfighting events are legal and completely open to outsiders, so feel free to attend if you’re curious about cockfighting culture -- but it's not a pretty sight.
popular sports in the united states:
1. Basketball
2. Baseball
3. Baseball
4. Soccer
5. Hockey
6. Gymnastics
7. Swimming
8. Wrestling
9. Dance
10. Tennis
11. Softball
12. Diving
13. Golf
14. Volleyball
15. Nascar
16. Lacrosse
17. Figure Skating
18. Boxing
19. Cheerleading
20. Track & Field
21. Badminton
22. Ice Skating
23. Rowing
24. Triathlons
25. Curling
26. Paintball
27. Trap Shooting
28. Sailing
29. Go Kart Racing
30. Ping Pong
31. Bull Riding
32. Golf
33. Dodgeball
34. Cross-Country
35. Parkour
36. Mixed Martial Arts
33. Horseback riding
34. Cross-Country
35. Dodgeball
36. Mixed Martial Arts
37. Skateboarding
38. Bowling
39. Skiing
40. Horse Racing
41. Indoor Soccer
42. Water Polo
43. Cagefighting
44. Snowboarding
45. Rock Climbing
46. Ultimate Frisbee
47. Field Hockey
48. Mountain Biking
49. Dirtbiking
50. Synchronized Swimming
51. Rugby
52. Archery
53. Cricket
54. Surfing
55. Fishing
Transportation in peru:
Flying is the quickest, easiest and safest form of transport in Peru. Four airlines dominate the domestic routes, with little separating them in terms of quality: LAN Perú, StarPerú, TACA Perú and Peruvian Airlines. Lima's Jorge Chávez International Airport serves as the hub for all four airlines. Coverage is good, with daily flights to many of Peru's major cities. Ticket prices change frequently, but expect to pay $40 to $60 for a one-hour flight.

Safety: Flying remains the safest way to travel in Peru
Comfort: Small seats, but comfortable overall
1. Airplane
2. Bus
Buses are the main form of long-distance public transport in Peru. If you want to travel on a shoestring, buses are the way to go. Don't try to go too cheap, however, as the cheapest companies are neither safe nor reliable. Stick with companies such as Cruz del Sur, Ormeño, Oltursa and Movil Tours, all of which have modern fleets and good safety records.
Safety: Poor in general, but much safer with the top-end companies
Comfort: Terrible on the cheapest buses, almost luxurious with the top-enders
3. Taxi
Taxis are common in Peru's larger cities, but be careful when flagging one down. Only use registered, modern-looking taxis, as some unlicensed drivers are far from trustworthy and potentially dangerous. Remember to set the price in advance, as Peruvian taxis do not run on meters. Smaller taxis, commonly known as ticos, serve the same purpose as their larger cousins.

Safety: Stick with licensed taxis to avoid corrupt cabbies
Comfort: Okay, but shut your window to keep out the big-city fumes
4. Shared Taxi
Shared taxis, known as colectivos, are similar to regular taxis but follow a set route with set fees. They carry up to four passengers (legally, at least) and will pick you up from anywhere along the route. Routes range from inner-city circuits to long distance trips along roads not served by major bus companies. Prices are low within towns and cities, but much higher for longer trips (the better the company, the higher the price).

Safety: Good for short hops, but be careful on remote roads
Comfort: Comfortable with four passengers, but horribly cramped with six or seven
5. Minibus
Love them or hate them, minibuses are an incredibly cheap way to get around Peru's big cities. There are two types: the combi (normally an old Nissan or Toyota minivan) and the larger micro (typically an antiquated Toyota or Mitsubishi minibus). Combis are everywhere in Lima, their drivers rocketing around the city while the ticket collector hangs out the side door shouting out the destinations. If you can stand the chaos, a combi can take you half way across Lima for about $0.50.

Safety: The drivers are reckless. Watch out for pickpocketing passengers
Comfort: Sudden stops, starts and swerves in a mobile sardine can
6.Mototaxi
If you've been to India, you are probably familiar with rickshaws, small, three-wheeled contraptions with a bench seat in the back. Peruvian rickshaws, known as mototaxis or trimovils, dominate the roads in many provincial towns, providing a quick and easy way to get from place to place. As with taxis, you'll need to set the price in advance -- and be prepared to haggle.
Safety: Mototaxis are flimsy things, good in the open but risky in heavy traffic
Comfort: Fine on smooth roads, but backbreaking when things get rough
7. Pickup Truck
Pickup trucks (camionetas) ferry rural workers from the towns to the countryside. It's arguably the most basic form of public transport in Peru, and not one that many tourists will experience. Passengers sit or stand in the cargo area, generally hanging on for dear life. You should avoid camionetas, especially over long distances, unless there really is no other option.

Safety: If you fall off the back, just hope that someone notices
Comfort: None
8. Boat
Large passenger ferries and small lanchas (motorboats) take care of all terrestrial traffic in the Amazon region. Port towns such as Yurimaguas and Pucallpa are, quite literally, the end of the road. Travel by passenger boat is adventurous and scenic, but you'll need stamina and patience for the voyage (it takes three days to get to Iquitos from most large port towns). Pack enough supplies for the trip, as only basic meals are available onboard.
Safety: Keep an eye on your gear and be careful in the busy docks
Comfort: It's just you, a hammock and the mighty Amazon
9. Train
Train travel is a rarity in Peru. Three companies operate trains to Machu Picchu, with further services from Cusco to Puno. The Ferrocarril Central Andino is the country's most spectacular train trip, running from Lima over the Andes until it reaches Huancayo. This is the highest standard-gauge train track in the world, so a big draw for train buffs. The train leaves only twice a month, so plan in advance. Another train crosses the Peru-Chile border from Tacna to Arica.
Safety: Overall, much safer than any road-based public transport in Peru
Comfort: Smooth and spacious, with luxury cabins on Cusco's Hiram Bingham Train
Transportation in the United States:
1. Skateboard
2. Plane
3. Bus
4. Walk
5. Train
6. Bike
7. Scooter
8. Horse/ Horse & Buggy
9. Boat
10. Jet Ski
11. Motorcycle
12. Subways
13. Dolly
14. Car
15. Taxi
16 . Limo
17. Tractor
"land of abundance."
The main exports are copper, gold, zinc, petroleum, coffee, potatoes, asparagus, textiles, and guinea pigs. The main imports are petroleum products, plastics, machinery, vehicles, iron and steel, wheat, and paper. Peru's chief trade partners are the United States, China, Chile, and Brazil.
Red represents blood shed for independence
White symbolizes peace and purity
Cinchona tree (the source of quinine) represents flora.
Vicuña (pronounced 'vy-Q-nya) in the coat of arms represents fauna, freedom, national pride and heroism.
Yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins stands for Peru's mineral wealth.
The wreath of palm and laurel branches stands for liberty and freedom
Some religions in the United States:
Catholic
Jehovah's Witness
Mormon
Jewish
Muslim
Buddhism
Hinduism
Atheist
Agnostic
Islam
Jainism
Peru's Government:
Peru is a democratic republic. Its government is structured following the principle of the separation of the three autonomous and independent powers: the Executive, whose maximum representative is the President of the Republic; the Legislative Power or National Congress (unicameral); and the Judicial Power.

The President of the Republic and the 130 members of the government of Peru’s Congress are elected every five years by a universal, secret and direct vote.

The current constitutional President of the Republic is Ollanta Humala Tasso, elected for the 2011-2016 period.
Education in peru:
Primary Education
Education in Peru through primary and secondary school is theoretically free for children from ages 7 to 16, although in practice inaccessible to many rural children. The model begins with pre-school education before children enter primary school for 6 grades.
Secondary Education
Secondary school consists of 5 grades. Many children, especially from country areas find it difficult to adapt to this new level especially as they are accustomed to a single teacher. Ongoing efforts are in place to try to close this gap.
Vocational Education
Vocational education is available from a variety of technological institutions and other similar facilities. Although mainly private, these are supervised and graded by the Ministry of Education that also licenses them.
Tertiary Education
Higher education is available from private and public technical colleges and universities. Courses taken at the former require 3,000 hours of study (usually 3 years) and result in certification as technical professionals.
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