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Columbian Exchange: Tobacco History

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Darren Hanscom

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Columbian Exchange: Tobacco History

Columbian Exchange: Tobacco History
Timeline of Tobacco Cultivation and Spread
Tobacco originated in the Americas in 6,000 B.C.
1 BCE - 1 CE. Americans
find ways to smoke tobacco and it spreads all throughout Central and South America.
470-630. The mayans spread and as a result, tobacco reaches as far as Mississippi Valley. New forms of smoking are used.
When Columbus comes over, he notices tobacco and the way it's used. He and his sailors start to spread it worldwide
16th Century:
Tobacco seeds spread across the Americas and across Europe. Tobacco is now used for medicine and are now part of literature
17th Century:
At the beginning of the century European cultivation of tobacco begins and is started to be used as currency. Also, during the great plague, smoking tobacco was thought to have a protective effect.
18th Century:
During this century, many famous people like Napoleon and George III started using tobacco and many events were linked to tobacco. Also lung cancer is described and studied.
19th Century:
Business skyrocketed due to demand for tobacco including factories, businesses, manufacturing. Also due to war, achievments in tobacco use spreads to less developed areas.
20th Century-Present:
Despite bans in America and Britain, tobacco sales still rose. Military uses tobacco more due to nerve problems, and public health warning and books are more than ever.

Tobacco Originates from the Mayan Indians of Mexico.
It slowly begins to spread across the americas
Columbus discovers tobacco
In Santa Domingo cultivation of tobacco began and also spread along spanish colonists
Tobacco spreads to France, Germany, England, Spain and Portugal First. Spain and Portugal become the tobacco capitals of the world
By the end of the 16th Century, tobacco has spread througou most of South America and...
And most of America
Tobacco Plantations were originally established in Virginia and Maryland and spread through North America in 1600s-1700s
Later on, Japan was introduced to tobacco by portuguese vessels that ported in Japan. This helped spread tobacco across asia.
Effects of Tobacco On Societies
There were many effects including positive and negative ones. A couple negative effects are the health issues that can be linked to tobacco even though tobacco is used to treat health. Also tobacco acts as a cash crop in many societies that is very profitable.
Tobacco Effects the World: Negative

-Tobacco epidemic is shifting to the developing new world with over 1,000,000 smokers in the world

- Tobacco causes serious health problems 5.4 million people a year.(that's nearly 1 death every six seconds)

Tobacco effects children too. About half of the children in the world breath air polluted by tobacco

-The use of tobacco is still increasing even though there are some bans in place
Tobacco Effects the World: Positive

-Medicine: Scientific studies conclude that taking out the chemicals in tobacco that cause the effect of being high makes tobacco a short term cure for pain relief, mental illnesses and colds.

- Gardening: Putting tobacco plants in the kitchen garden is an insect repellent when some nicotine seeps from the plant

-Economy: The economy gets a lot of money from selling cigarettes and tobacco

Tobacco Production:

Tobacco leaders are China and close by is India, USA, Russia, and Brazil. Agricultural production is primarily best in the sub tropics, over and under the tropic of Cancer.
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