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Comparatives and Superlatives (Adjectives)

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Adriana Morales

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Comparatives and Superlatives (Adjectives)

One-syllable adjectives
To form the comparative and superlative forms
of a one-syllable adjective you should use the suffix "er" for the comparative and the suffix "est" for the superlative.
Examples
One-Syllable Adjective
comparative form
superlative form
tall
old
long
taller
older
longer
tallest oldest
longest
Juan
Pedro
Juan is taller than Pedro
comparatives
superlatives
David is older than John
Diana
Luisa
David
John
Diana's hair is longer than Luisa's hair
Sergio
Antonio
Carlos
Antonio is the oldest man.
be careful
If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add the suffix of the comparative form "er" and the superlative form "est".
One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before It
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
big
thin
fat
bigger
thinner
fatter
biggest
thinnest
fattest
Homer is fatter than Bart
Marge is the thinnest of the Simpson family
Two syllable adjectives or more
Structure
Comparatives in English are formed by the adjective, plus the suffix "er". They are usually form by the word "than" and the noun that is being compared.
superlatives are formed by the adjective, plus the suffix "est" and the word "the".
Structure
He is the tallest man in the world
To form the comparative of two-syllable adjectives you have to use the word "more" and for the superlative the word "most".
Examples
Two-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
peaceful
careful
thoughtful
more peaceful
more careful
more thoughtful
most peaceful
most careful
more thoughtful
comparatives
Living in a city is more dangerous than living in a countryside
Meat is more expensive than rice
superlatives
Ly adverbs
New Zealand is considered the most peaceful place to live.
Juan Manuel Santos is the most powerful person in Colombia.
To take into account
If the two-syllable adjectives ends with "y", you have to change it to "i" and add "er" for the comparative form. For the superlative form change "y" to "i" and add "est".
Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with "y"
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
happy
angry
busy
happier
angrier
busier
happiest
angriest
busiest
Jenny
Sara
Jenny is happier than Sara
Mothers are the busiest people in the world.
Exceptions
Irregular adjectives
Irregular Adjective
Comparative Form
superlative form
Good
Bad
Far
better
worse
farther
best
worst
farthest
Manchester United is the best team in the world.
sunshine is worse than rain
With LY adverbs we form the comparative and superlative forms with more and most.
Examples
James works more quietly than Sam
She is the most carefully driver in the neighborhood
Adverb

quietly
carefully
happily
comparative adverb
more quietly
more carefully
more happily
superlative adverb
most quietly
most carefully
most happily
superlative
comparative
Credits.
Cambridge dictionary
http://www.eflnet.com
http://www.google.com.co//imghp?hl=es&tab=wi
http://www.wikipedia.org
http://www.Youtube.com

Comparatives and Superlatives
Full transcript