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Human Trafficking in Latin America & The Caribbean
Transcript of Human Trafficking in Latin America & The Caribbean
15-20% are young girls
So, 2 of every 3 trafficked children are girls 21 million victims of forced labour globally Factors that contribute to trafficking in Latin America & the Caribbean are individual &external Individual risk factors include :
gang membership Outside factors include:
(1) for domestic servants, agricultural laborers, sex workers, and factory labor;
(3) "Machismo" -
(4) existence of established trafficking networks
law enforcement and border agents with traffickers
(6) restrictive immigration policies in some destination countries
(7) government disinterest in the issue of human trafficking poverty drug use physical or sexual abuse history of public corruption discrimination against females political, social, or economic crises global demand lack of opportunity for women What is being done Anti-TIP efforts have accelerated in the United States since the enactment of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of women and children The TVPA established
minimum standards to combat human trafficking applicable to countries that have a significant
trafficking problem. Tier 2 Watch List include Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Panama, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Tier 1 Columbia Sex exploitation Labor Exploitation In Latin America trafficking victims engaged in forced labor comprise 20% (or 250,000) of the 1.3 million people 25,000 Brazilian men are still being held in situations of slave
labor on cattle ranches, in logging and mining camps, and on plantations where soy beans, corn, and cotton are produced. 1.8 million victims are in Latin America & the Caribbean 2012 estimates of the ILO 55 - 75% are females In 2000 the USA implemented: Estimated that some 14 million children in the region worked, 9.4 million under hazardous conditions -- such as mining and working in factories of victims of sexual exploitation - The volume of Latin American and Caribbean women in prostitution in Europe, Japan and the USA implies the existence of sex trafficking. An estimated 50,000 women from the Dominican Republic and 75,000 women from Brazil work abroad in the sex industry.
Estimates that 35,000 women are trafficked out of Colombia each year - There is a magnitude of child prostitution. In Guatemala City police report that 2,000 children are prostituted in over 600 brothels in that city alone; Honduran and Salvadoran children were also discovered - 25,000 child prostitutes in the Dominican Republic, and - --
- 500,000 girls prostituted in Brazil They are beaten, sometimes with weapons, and severely enough to require emergency room visits. Involvement in the sex industry is a risk factor for HIV/AIDS infections For example, 60.8% of 997 female prostitutes in Mexico City were seropositive for Herpes simplex virus 2, compared to a prevalence of 29.3% in a sample of women not involved in prostitution The ILO estimates females account for 56% of victims in forced economic exploitation, such as domestic service, agricultural work, and manufacturing Victims are raped as an introduction Trafficking victims experience violence by traffickers, pimps, brothel owners, clients and police. Tier 3: Cuba & Venezuela Tier 2: Antigua & Barbuda,Argentina, Aruba, Belize ,Bolivia, Brazil,Chile, El Salvador ,Guatemala Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines it as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or a position of vulnerability or the trade of payments or benefits for the purpose of exploitation. modern day slavery Human trafficking generates $32 billion in profits globally
Of those, $16 billion comes from Latin America & the Caribbean Maria Elena from Mexico was 13 years old kidnapped to Florida was raped by 30 men a day. She got pregnant, she was forced to have an abortion and sent back to” work” the next day World's fastest growing organized crime
AND Human Trafficking in What is human trafficking Growing problem in Latin America In each subregion, there are countries that are more predominantly Primary destination countries for Latin American immigrants have included
Spain, Italy, Canada, the Netherlands, Britain, & the U.S. Victims from poorer areas of Central America are trafficked to wealthier countries in Central America and North America Countries in Latin America serve as source, transit, & destination U.S.-Mexico border, is used by criminal gangs from Mexico, Central America, Russia, Japan, Ukraine, and several other countries Source: Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Paraguay
Transit: All of Central America and the Caribbean
Destination: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Netherland Antilles, Panama, St. Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago. origin or destination America and the Caribbean are North Americans, Central Americans or nationals of the Caribbean. 88 % of the victims detected in South America are South Americans
65% of the victims detected in countries in North & Central More than 75 % of the victims detected in
the region are nationals of a country in the region. An issue is Caribbean’s relatively open borders, lax enforcement of entertainment visa and work permit rules, and legalized prostitution have contributed to the problem of trafficking there. Countries in the Americas reported that a large part of the incoming trafficking was of domestic origin or of victims from other countries in the region Inter-regional issue Who are the victims Human trafficking is a $32 billion industry Of that, Latin America generates $16 billion In 2000, In Palermo Italy, the UN established the Protocol for Human Trafficking UNIVERSAL DEFINITION Border crossings throughout Central America and Mexico, especially the Mexico-Guatemala border Flow from Haiti to the Dominican Republic to work in the construction, tourism, and agriculture industries, as well as in the informal sector. Many migrants lack proper documentation, rendering them vulnerable to trafficking and other abuses. Panama has been a destination for women from Colombia and Central America trafficked to work in the sex industry 10,000 women from southern¢ral Mexico are trafficked for sexual exploitation to the northern border region each year Smugglers pass through the mountainous path that separates Argentina from Brazil. Both countries traffic women from Andes&DR Examples Provision, protection and participation The p's Costa Rica shields itself Venezuela educates Colombia moves forward Be Aware: Awareness of the crime of human trafficking is the first step to eradicating modern slavery. TALK ABOUT IT. END IT. 98% are women to “the business.” PROGRESS By: Sofia Benitez