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Liberating technologies, a Learners’ Workshop

Presentation for ICT Quantum Leap, Victoria Falls, 14 October 2013
by

Gertjan van Stam

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Liberating technologies, a Learners’ Workshop

Liberating Technologies, from Research to Progress
example: Case Macha, rural Zambia

THINK
PRACTICE
PROGRESS
van Stam, G., & van Oortmerssen, G. (2010). Macha Works! Frontiers of Society On-Line. Raleigh. http://journal.webscience.org/339/
Relatio: An Examination of the Relational Dimension of Resource Allocation:
Discourse critiquing classical conceptions rational-choice, altruism, etc
Recognizing facets of African uniqueness is crucial to economic success
Describes economic behavior influenced by cultural identity
Depicts African economic experience
Provides view to support effective economic symbiosis
Sheneberger, K., & van Stam, G. (2011). Relatio: An Examination of the Relational Dimension of Resource Allocation. Economics and Finance Review, 1(4), 26 - 33
J. Bets, G. van Stam, and A. Voorhoeve, “Modeling and Practise of Integral Development in rural Zambia. Case Macha.,” in Fourth International IEEE EAI Conference on e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries (Africomm 2012)
Bringing Internet connectivity to rural Zambia using a collaborative approach
Holistic Approach, involving all Stakeholders
Local Heroes Manage Activities
Appropriate and Affordable Technology
Needs of Local Community first
Skill Development through Observation and Participatory Interaction
Sharing of the connection by Community, Education and Health
Matthee, K., Mweemba, G., Pais, A., Van Stam, G., & Rijken, M. (2007). Bringing Internet connectivity to rural Zambia using a collaborative approach. International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development.
Celebrating Contributions
BBC Clicks. (2011). BBC Clicks - Macha Works
"Blueprint for Rural Development in Africa?"
Rural Internet Use:
"I am now testifying that my life has greatly changed because I have full access to Internet. Before Internet was implemented I was in a dark world but I am now in the light because of Internet. I am saying so because as a teacher I would like to know what is happening around the world so that I can update my pupils on current affairs. Right now I have all the information on my fingertips".
van Hoorik, P., & Mweetwa, F. (2008). Use of internet in rural areas of Zambia. In P. Cunningham & M. Cunningham (Eds.), ST-Africa 2008 (pp. 1-14). Windhoek, Namibia.
Performance and Use ICT in rural areas
Web based
Heavily Congested, Long Latency
Virus Challenges
Innovations needed
Johnson, D. L., Belding, E. M., Almeroth, K., & van Stam, G. (2010). Internet Usage and Performance Analysis of a Rural Wireless Network in Macha, Zambia. ACM Workshop on Networked Systems for Developing Regions.
Character of Traffic
Distinct class due to unique set of challenges
Automatic file downloads hamper interactivity
High TCP round trip times, sometimes over 10 sec
While Average Page Size grows, Digital Divide widens
Johnson, D. L., Pejovic, V., Belding, E. M., & Van Stam, G. (2011). Traffic Characterization and Internet Usage in Rural Africa. Proceedings of WWW, March 2011, Hyderabad, India
Traffic Locality:
high degree of user-to-user interaction, half of them within the village
Users:
69% between 20 and 30 years
67% use internet more then 3 hours a day
71% use internet frequently for learning
91% wish more access
94% never online business, 73% never bought
Johnson, D. L., Belding, E. M., & Van Stam, G. (2012). Network traffic locality in a rural African village. ICTD 2012.
e-Piano eLearning
Innovation in e-Learning
Challenges pedagogical arrangements
Exchange of the inexpressible
Shoemaker, K., & Van Stam, G. (2010). ePiano, a case of music education via internet in rural Zambia. Society On-Line, April 26-27th, 2010, Raleigh, USA
OpenBTS, A GSM Experiment in Zambia
J. Mpala and G. van Stam, “Open BTS, a GSM experiment in rural Zambia,” in Fourth International IEEE EAI Conference on e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries (Africomm 2012)
Information and Knowledge Transfer in rural Africa
Complex oral societies
No use of writing, nor chirographic-typographic mentalities
Orality is a context sensitive constraint
Literate persons in rural areas choose orality
Data stored in people, processing per Social Network
G. van Stam, “Information and Knowledge Transfer in the rural community of Macha, Zambia,” Journal of Community Informatics, vol. 9, no. 1, 2013.
Inclusion of Social Context through Integral Development
Think: Human Development and Holistic Approach
Practice: Long Term, guide instead of lead, part and whole, eehee-feeling
Progress: Live life, Ownership and Empowerment, Celebrate Contributions
van Stam, G., & Mweetwa, F. (2012). Community Radio Provides Elderly a Platform to Have Their Voices Heard in rural Macha, Zambia. The Journal of Community Informatics, 8(1).
Community Radio Provides Elderly a Platform to Have Their Voices Heard in rural Macha, Zambia
Mudenda, C. & van Stam, G. ICT Training in Rural Zambia. Case Study: LinkNet Information Technology Academy (Africomm 2012)
ICT Training in Rural Zambia. LinkNet Information Technology Academy
Full transcript