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Introduction to China
Transcript of Introduction to China
In many ways, China has changed.
China in the 1980s
What is a civilization?
China is the oldest surviving civilization lasting thousands of years.
- Law & Order
- Art & Architecture
- Writing & Record-Keeping
- Specialized jobs & social classes
North China Plain
was and is still well-suited for food production
The Huang He (Yellow)
drains into this area
A good growing season will provide the area with rich soil
However, flooding can occur and it causes lots of damage
China is regionally diverse
Most people live in the East because it is very mountainous in the West (example:
Plateau of Tibet
The land is harsh in the North (example:
Different regions = differences in temperature, precipitation, and diet.
This resulted in a variety of cultures!
The Chinese invented silk weaving, paper, the magnetic compass, gunpowder, umbrellas, the water wheel, and the spinning wheel.
They were also experts at digging canals, building dams & bridges.
Think of examples of Chinese culture you see in your neighborhood and home!
Powerful emperors ruled China for 1000s of years in a cycle of rising and falling dynasties:
is a ruler of widespread lands and groups of people
is a series of rulers from the same family
Dynasties lasted when emperors maintained order & fell when they were weak
1911 – European nations weakened China, forcing them to trade. This caused the Manchu Dynasty to fall.
1920 – The
formed. They wanted to end social & economic inequality, especially for peasants – 90% of the population!
Mao Zedong won support of the peasants by collecting land from the rich and redistributing it to the poor.
, a powerful warlord made himself president of the “Republic of China"
For 20 years both the warlords and communist armies fought
1949 – The
was victorious under Mao under the “People’s Republic of China”
Chiang Kai-Shek and his supporters were forced to flee to Taiwan
= promoting equality & loyalty to the government meant:
Government assigning jobs
One Child Policy
Giving peasants own land called
where people shared the land and lived & worked on it together
Exceptions are in rural areas, Hong Kong, & Taiwan
China largely responsible for the production of textiles, clothing, toys, footwear, machinery
They also produce rice, cotton cloth, & metals
Why do we rely on Chinese-made products so much?
The family is the most important group
The teachings of
Confucianism, Taoism, & Buddhism
are closely tied in traditional Chinese society
There are over 50 different ethnic groups called nationalities
95% of the Chinese are of the
Other minorities include the Hui (Muslim), Tibetans, and Mongols
About the Chinese language:
The Chinese use
(symbols) where each one stands for a word or part of a word
In order to read and write, you must learn thousands of characters!
Example: (lǎo-shī = old teacher)
= lǎo (old) = shī (teacher)
Most people speak
A symbol of a desire to keep the world at a distance & to keep invaders out (ex: Genghis Khan) His ancestors would be driven out from China.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World
The Great Wall of China
China is a mix of the old and the new.
I can locate physical features of China and explain how people have interacted with them
I can list examples of Chinese inventions and innovations
I can explain the causes and effects of the Communist Revolution in China
Chinese baby Panda
North China Plain
Jiaqing Emperor ruled 1796-1820 (Qing dynasty)
Because Chinese-made goods are cheaper meaning workers over there are willing to work for less money