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Introduction to China

Overview of China's geography, history, economics, & culture
by

Jerry Lubos

on 14 April 2016

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Transcript of Introduction to China

CHINA
In many ways, China has changed.
China in the 1980s
What is a civilization?
China is the oldest surviving civilization lasting thousands of years.

Let's review!
A
civilization
has:
- Cities
- Law & Order
- Art & Architecture
- Writing & Record-Keeping
- Specialized jobs & social classes

= C.L.A.W.S.!
Geography
The
North China Plain
was and is still well-suited for food production
The Huang He (Yellow)
River
drains into this area
A good growing season will provide the area with rich soil
However, flooding can occur and it causes lots of damage
China is regionally diverse
Most people live in the East because it is very mountainous in the West (example:
Plateau of Tibet
)
The land is harsh in the North (example:
Gobi desert
in Mongolia)
Different regions = differences in temperature, precipitation, and diet.
This resulted in a variety of cultures!
Geography
Contributions
Brief history
Brief history
Brief history
Economics
Economics
The Chinese invented silk weaving, paper, the magnetic compass, gunpowder, umbrellas, the water wheel, and the spinning wheel.
They were also experts at digging canals, building dams & bridges.

Think of examples of Chinese culture you see in your neighborhood and home!
Powerful emperors ruled China for 1000s of years in a cycle of rising and falling dynasties:
An
emperor
is a ruler of widespread lands and groups of people
A
dynasty
is a series of rulers from the same family
Dynasties lasted when emperors maintained order & fell when they were weak
1911 – European nations weakened China, forcing them to trade. This caused the Manchu Dynasty to fall.
1920 – The
Communist Party
formed. They wanted to end social & economic inequality, especially for peasants – 90% of the population!
Mao Zedong won support of the peasants by collecting land from the rich and redistributing it to the poor.
1927 –
Chiang Kai-Shek
, a powerful warlord made himself president of the “Republic of China"
For 20 years both the warlords and communist armies fought
1949 – The
Communist Revolution
was victorious under Mao under the “People’s Republic of China”
Chiang Kai-Shek and his supporters were forced to flee to Taiwan
Life under
communism
= promoting equality & loyalty to the government meant:
Government assigning jobs
Enforcing the
One Child Policy
Giving peasants own land called
communes
where people shared the land and lived & worked on it together
Exceptions are in rural areas, Hong Kong, & Taiwan
China largely responsible for the production of textiles, clothing, toys, footwear, machinery
They also produce rice, cotton cloth, & metals

Why do we rely on Chinese-made products so much?

Cultural elements
Cultural elements
The family is the most important group
The teachings of
Confucianism, Taoism, & Buddhism
are closely tied in traditional Chinese society
There are over 50 different ethnic groups called nationalities
95% of the Chinese are of the
Han
nationality
Other minorities include the Hui (Muslim), Tibetans, and Mongols
About the Chinese language:
The Chinese use
characters
(symbols) where each one stands for a word or part of a word
In order to read and write, you must learn thousands of characters!

Example: (lǎo-shī = old teacher)
=  lǎo (old)   = shī (teacher)

Most people speak
Mandarin
or
Cantonese
A symbol of a desire to keep the world at a distance & to keep invaders out (ex: Genghis Khan) His ancestors would be driven out from China.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World
The Great Wall of China
China is a mix of the old and the new.
Mr. Lubos
LEARNING TARGETS:
I can locate physical features of China and explain how people have interacted with them
I can list examples of Chinese inventions and innovations
I can explain the causes and effects of the Communist Revolution in China

Chinese baby Panda
Modern China
North China Plain
Yellow River
STATIONS ACTIVITY!
Jiaqing Emperor ruled 1796-1820 (Qing dynasty)
Because Chinese-made goods are cheaper meaning workers over there are willing to work for less money
STATIONS ACTIVITY!
BRAINPOP!
Full transcript