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Transcript of Emancipation Proclamation
Have you heard of the Emancipation Proclamation before?
What was it? What did it do?
How important was it?
The Northerners main goal - keep the country together
Also, the border states (like Delaware!) still had slavery, and wanted to keep their slaves.
-For Abolitionists, ending slavery was the main goal of the war.
-But many Northerners opposed abolition because they feared freed slaves would take their jobs.
Lincoln’s difficult decision
They warned that freeing slaves would hurt support for the war and might make border states rebel, and continue to keep the country apart
-Lincoln pondered over whether to free slaves for weeks.
-Abolitionists Pressured Lincoln to free all slaves because it was the right thing to do.
Others pressured Lincoln to make keeping the country together his #1 goal.
Think about it...
Mr. Bruce is President Lincoln.
What would the different perspectives be from each group below about convincing me to completely abolish slavery?
Group 1: Abolitionists
Group 2: Border State Citizens
Group 3: Confederates
Group 4: British???
-Lincoln issued the proclamation on Sept 22 1862....
…“all persons held as slaves within any state…the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforth, and forever free...”
What does this mean? Did the proclamation free any slaves?
-Since the proclamation only applied to Confederate States, it actually DID NOT FREE ANY SLAVES!
-Abolitionists were a little disappointed that it did not free all slaves, but they were pleased it was a first step.
-Border state citizens were pleased that the proclamation did not free their slaves.
-Confederates were not affected, but it proved the Union was planning to end slavery, so they fought harder.
-The British had long opposed slavery, so the proclamation encouraged them to support the Union more than the Confederacy
What do you
Should Lincoln have freed all
the slaves with the
Importance of the proclamation
1. The proclamation freed the slaves – NOT Exactly!!! (this was only in rebel states)
2. The proclamation symbolically showed that the Union was against slavery without hurting support for the war.
3. The proclamation encouraged slaves in the South to run away and join the Union army. The loss of slaves really hurt the Confederacy and made the Union army stronger
Homework: 5-7 sentences
Imagine you were a slave in Georgia who had just heard about the Emancipation Proclamation.
What would your reaction be?
What would you do?
Information taken from your textbook :)