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How to Write a Term Paper II
Transcript of How to Write a Term Paper II
Layout and Citation
your term paper should contain
a title page
a contents page
main body of writing
Works Cited list
please use the same font (Times New Roman) and font size (12) throughout your paper
please use 1.5 spacing (except for longer quotes)
please use justified margins (Blocksatz)
words in titles and section headings should be capitalized (exception: articles, coordinating conjunctions, prepositions)
please include the following information:
at the top left
(aligned to the left): name of the university, name of the department, name of the seminar, name of the instructor, the respective semester
in the middle of the page
(centred; bold and large print): title of paper
at the bottom left
(aligned to the left): name of the student, address and email address, matriculation number, date of handing in the paper
the contents page lists the different parts of the paper
all parts must be numbered consistently, starting with "1. Introduction" and ending with "Works Cited" (without number!)
: only use sub-sections (e.g. 2.1) in case there are at least two sections (2.1 and 2.2, but not just 2.1); there is no full stop after the second number!
make sure that the titles of each heading and the respective numbers are identical on the contents page and in your actual paper
please set up each page as follows:
2.5 cm on the left
4 cm on the right
3 cm at the top
3 cm at the bottom
font: Times New Roman
font size: 12
justified margins (Blocksatz)
indent the first line of every new paragraph (exception: first paragraph of a new section)
start a new page for
the main body of the text
the Works Cited list
insert page numbers (preferably at the bottom of a page), starting with "1" on the page with your introduction
quoting is necessary
when you are directly quoting what someone else has said and/or written
when you are paraphrasing or summarizing what someone else has said and/or written
quoting is not necessary
when the information is broadly known by the readers
when the information is widely accepted by scholars
examples: basic biographical dates (e.g. "Wordsworth was born in 1770 and died in 1850.") and historical events (e.g. "The French Revolution took place in 1789.")
but: once you include more detailed information (e.g. describing Wordsworth's family background and childhood), you need sources
How to Cite
you need to document your sources
in the text (
or footnotes, depending on style)
in the Works Cited list (at the end of the paper)
- make sure that your style of citation is consistent throughout your paper
please use parenthetical citation -
the in-text citation must include as little information as possible but enough to make sure that the source can be easily identified
when using the author's name in the preceding sentence, you do not need to repeat it in the parenthetical reference
if there is no identifiable author, use the title of the article (or an abbreviated version) in the parenthetical reference
the omission of words must be indicated by using "[...]"
when quoting more than three lines, indent the paragraph, print it as a block quote, use single spacing and no quotation marks
the title of plays must be italicized, e.g.
when applicable (e.g. Shakespeare), include the respective act, scene and line of the quoted text
format: "quoted text" (
(space) act number.scene number.line number(s)), e.g. "too full o' th' milk of human kindness" (
however: many modern plays (i.e. prose plays) do not have acts, numbers or lines; then simply use the normal MLA style: author's name and page numbers, e.g. In
, the Queen remarks "How lovely. And what do you like to do there?" (Morgan 36).
the title of poems must be quoted in quotation marks, e.g. "Ode to a Nightingale"
format: "quoted text" (line number(s)), e.g. In "Ode to a Nightingale", Keats declares "That I might drink, and leave the world unseen" (19).
the title of novels must be italicized, e.g.
format: "quoted text" (author's last name (space) page number)
example: Xikixa is described as a "patriarch and a patrician of the Great Place of King Sarhili" (Mda 13).
the title of films must be italicized, e.g.
Shape of Water
format: "quoted text" (title hours: minutes: seconds)
example: Lawrence declares the Arabs to be "greedy, barbarous and cruel" (
Lawrence of Arabia
the title of a TV series must be italicized, e.g.
format: "quoted text" (
SnumberEnumber (space) minutes: seconds) or “quoted text” (“Title of episode” minutes:seconds)
Sherlock declares that Anderson "lower[s] the IQ of the whole street" (
Sherlock declares that Anderson “lower[s] the IQ of the whole street” (“A Study in Pink” 1:00:19).
the Works Cited list should be included in your paper after the conclusion and before the affidavit
please list every single source that you cited in your paper
please do not include texts that you read but did not cite
please list your sources alphabetically
please do not separate primary and secondary sources in the Works Cited list
in case you use several sources by the same author, order them according to their year of publication (in descending order)
make sure that you use the correct style of citation for the respective texts:
: novels; plays; films; TV series; entire websites
in "quotation marks": poems; articles (in books, in journals, on a website)
How to Cite
Last Name, First Name.
. [original publication date when republished without editing.] [edition,] Publisher, Publication Date.
Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.
Publisher, Publication Date.
In case there are more than three authors, list only the first name, followed by "et al."instead of including all the names.
The Heart of Redness
. Picador, 2000.
Ferree, Myra Marx and Lisa Wade.
Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions
How to Cite
Entire Edited Books/Anthologies
Last name, First name, editor.
. Publisher, Year.
Last name, First name, and First name Last name, editors.
Peterson, Nancy J., editor.
Toni Morrison: Critical and Theoretical Approaches.
Johns Hopkins UP, 1997.
Fenske, Uta and Gregor Schuhen, editors.
Maskulinitätsdiskurse aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive
. Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2012.
Article from an Edited Book or Anthology
Last name, First name. "Title of article."
Title of collection
, edited by Editor's Name(s). Publisher, Year, Page range of article.
Fenske, Uta. "Männlichkeiten im Fokus der Geschlechterforschung.
Ambivalente Männlichkeit(en). Maskulinitätsdiskurse aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive
, edited by Uta Fenske and Gregor Schuhen. Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2012, pp. 11-26.
Article from a Journal
Last name, First name. "Title."
, Volume, Issue, Year, Pages.
Lewis, Rhodri. "Romans, Egyptians, and Crocodiles."
, vol. 68, no. 4, 2017, pp. 320-350.
How to Cite
. Directed by First name Last name, (performances by First name(s), Last name(s),) Studio, Release Year.
Shape of Water
. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Fox Searchlight Pictures, 2017.
Last name, First name of creator.
. Production company, Year(s).
"Title of episode."
Title of TV Series
, written by First name Last name, directed by First name Last name, name of distributor, year of distribution.
Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Parks and Recreation
Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2015.
"The One Where Chandler Can't Cry."
Friends: The Complete Sixth Season
written by Andrew Reich and Ted Cohen, directed by Kevin Bright, Warner Brothers, 2004.
Last name, First name. "Title of Article."
Title of Website
. (Publisher or Sponsor,) exact date of publication, URL. Date of access.
Booth, Robert. "Peter O'Toole, star of Lawrence of Arabia, dies
, 15 Dec. 2013, www.theguardian.com/film/2013/dec/15/peter-o-toole-dies-lawrence-arabia. 28 June 2018.
if there is no identifiable author, use the article's title as first entry of the Works Cited list
if there is no date of publication available, use "n.d."