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Millon's Theory of Personality

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Steven Joseph

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Millon's Theory of Personality

Theory Foundation 15 Personality Prototypes Empirical Support Fruits of Millon's Labor Core: The Three Polarities 4 Domains (Existence, Adaptation, Replication, and Abstraction)

Existence: Pleasure-Pain
Life enhancement & Life Preservation
Existential aims

Adaptation: Active-Passive
Modes of adaptation
How does one endure?

Replication: Active-Passive
Reproductive individuation
Nurturance & pro-social behavior(s) Integrated Conception of Psychopathology Millon's Theory of Personality Retiring/Schizoid
Assertive/Sadistic
Eccentric/Schizotypal
Pessimistic/Melancholic
Shy/Avoidant
Aggrieved/Masochistic
Cooperative/Dependent Instruments
MCMI-III (Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III)

MIPS (Millon Index of Personality Styles)

Personalized Interventions
Clients and the symptoms and disorders we diagnose are a complex of organically interwoven elements
The reality of Axis 1?
Current debates on therapeutic technique are backwards
INTEGRATION!!!!!!!
Overarching gestalt of the whole person Steven Snowden Evolutionary
Perspective Nurturing the Theory's Foundations Skeptical/Negativistic
Sociable/Histrionic
Capricious/Borderline
Confident/Narcissistic
Conscientious/Compulsive
Suspicious/Paranoid
Exuberant/Hypomanic
Nonconforming/Antisocial (Widiger 1999)
Difficult to use the MCMI-lll to conduct research on the theoretical model
Many (if not most) of the MCMI-lll items written to represent DSM-IV DX criteria
What about the MIPS?
Better support, directly looks at the polarities
Factor analytic research appears promising

We must also consider that by nature of Millon's theoretical framework, that evidence-based research is minimized !
Personalized therapeutic interventions, or planful strategies and modalities of treatment. Universal scientific principles are grounded in the ubiquitous laws of evolutionary theory as found in nature. Subject-oriented theories, or explanatory and heuristic conceptual schemas for specific subjects, such as personology and psychopathology. Classification of personality styles and pathological syndromes, or a taxonomic nosology that has been derived logically from the subject areas' theory. Personality and clinical assessment instruments, or tools that are empirically grounded and sufficiently sensitive quantitatively to enable the theory's propositions and hypotheses to be adequately investigated and evaluated. Discussion 1 Opinions on an evolutionary perspective Discussion 2 How do we feel about the empirical support for M's theory? Scenario: http://www.millon.net/taxonomy/summary.htm Kristen is a 38 year-old divorced mother of two teenagers. She has had a successful, well-paying career for the past several years in upper-level management. Even though she has worked for the same, thriving company for over 6 years, she’s found herself worrying constantly about losing her job and being unable to provide for her children. This worry has been troubling her for the past 8 months. Despite her best efforts, she hasn’t been able to shake the negative thoughts.

Ever since the worry started, Kristen has found herself feeling restless, tired, and tense. She often paces in her office when she’s there alone. She’s had several embarrassing moments in meetings where she has lost track of what she was trying to say. When she goes to bed at night, it’s as if her brain won’t shut off. She finds herself mentally rehearsing all the worse-case scenarios regarding losing her job, including ending up homeless.
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