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Mexico (Chiapas) Ethnic Conflict

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by

Jorge Perez

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of Mexico (Chiapas) Ethnic Conflict



Mexico (Chiapas) Ethnic Conflict
History
The origin of this ethnic conflict goes back to the pre-conquest era. When the indigenous Chiapas people were forced to move to steep slopes of the highland with thin rocky soils by the Ladinos. It opened a sense of fierce racism and discrimation from then on.
Recent Activity
As the years went on, the conditions got worse for the indigenous people. Ninety percent of indigenous households are without electricty and running water. Also the literacy rate in Chiapas is 58%. The Mexican goverment did little to no help to resolve the conflict. In addition, this contributes to fierce racism and discrimation as well.
Zapatistas
The indigenous people decided to form a rebellion called Zapatistas. On new years day 1994, they decided to attack against the Mexican goverment. Their slogan was "Ya basta!" because they believed they were taken advantage of and wanted it to stop.
NAFTA
One way the Mexican goverment didn't help the indigenous people is by agreeing on a deal with the U.S. called NAFTA(North American Free Trade Agreement). This deal would open Mexico's market to U.S. goods which wouldn't benefit the indigenous people as they would lose land and work.
Cited Page
http://www.chiapas-support.org/main.htm
www.mtholyoke.edu
www.nydailynews.com
www.historyorb.com
www.explorandomexico.com
http://flag.blackened.net/revolt/mexico/reports/back94.html
Recent Activity

Local scale: extreme violence, kidnappings, killings, and deaths between different Mexican ethnic backgrounds.

Global: innocent tourists being used as pawns.

Regional: spread of fighting through the state, Mexicans and political leaders have been involved.
Scales
The image above is the flag of the Zapatistas. EZLN stands for "Ejército Zapatista de Liberación," or Zapatista Army of National Liberation in spanish.
Spatial Extent
The conflict is spreading in the Southeastern part of Mexico to Chiapas' neighboring countries due to them getting involved
Quote
"We have nothing to lose, absolutely nothing, no decent roof over our heads, no land, no work, poor health, no food, no education, no right to freely and democratically choose our leaders, no independence from foreign interests, and no justice for ourselves or our children. But we say enough is enough! We are the descendants of those who truly built this nation, we are the millions of dispossessed, and we call upon all of our brethren to join our crusade, the only option to avoid dying of starvation!"
Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle, 1993
Full transcript