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We The People Lesson 9

Lesson 9 in the We the People Texbook - The Philadelphia Convention
by

Sally Marsh

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of We The People Lesson 9

The Philadelphia Convention WTP Lesson 9 How Was it Oragnized? The Constitutional Convention Delegates Who Was There? 55 delegates total "Great men they were" said historian Max Farrand, but not all the same--some were politicians and some were businessmen. "It was essentially a representative body." Appointed by each State Legislature Framer Stories George Washington The most respected man in the country
He thought the country needed a strong national government
He initially wasn't planning on attending, but he feared his absence would signal a lack of faith in the government
unanimously voted president of the convention
his mere presence was vital to the convention's success James Madison most likely had the greatest influence on the constitution and organization of our government
Had large influence at the convention partially because he had recently studied political theory to prepare
he was one of the youngest leaders at the time (only 25 when he helped write the Virginian Declaration of Rights) Benjamin Franklin 81 years old when the convention took place
The international respect for him reflected well on the convention Alexander Hamilton Washington's aide during the Revolution
advocate for strong national government
left the convention after he was outvoted by his own state (New York), but returned to sign the constitution once it was finished James Wilson not as well known as the other two on this page, but was still a major influence
especially influential on the shaping of the office of the president http://www.elcivics.com/images/benjamin-franklin.jpg http://www.leftjustified.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/President_George_Washington.jpg http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/madison2.jpg Gouverneur Morris one of the most talkative delegates at the convention
had a major role in the draft of the constitution Edmund Randolf Governor of VA
introduced the Virginia plan Roger Sherman major player in the Connecticut Compromise
the Conn. Compromise helped to form American Federalism Who Wasn't There? some key players in Revolutionary America were not present at the Constitutional Convention Thomas Jefferson was the U.S. ambassador to France, so he was in Paris.
John Adams was the U.S. Ambassador to Britian
Patrick Henry disapproved of the convention, saying "I smell a rat."
John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Richard Henry Lee also weren't there. Committees Rules of the
Convention Civil Discourse civil discourse every member had the opportunity to speak in reasoned discussion
rules provided for civil discourse At least seven different states had to be represented to do business
delegates had to get permission to be absent if it would mean their state was without representation
when speaking, delegates had to address the president, and other members could not pass notes, have conversations, or read anything. Each member was only permitted to speak twice on the same question, and could only speak a second time if everyone else had already had the chance to speak
no decision was permanent until the entire document was completed
the proceedings within the convention were to remain secret (what happens in the convention stays in the convention) committees could be appointed as the delegates saw fit Over four months, the delegates broke up into four separate committees to address the issues below: 1. agreeing on the system of representation in congress
2. writing a draft of the constitution that includes executive decisions
3. assessing "postponed matters" like electing the president
4. final language of the constitution "committee on styling" http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/froehlich-s.jpg One of the solutions to America's problems with representation. It was a system where the states would get represented in Congress based on the population of their state. Terms from the Lesson A reasoned discussion in which every member has the opportunity to speak on any question, in which no individual's voice can drown out the ideas of others, and in which listening matters as much as speaking The other name for the Philadelphia convention where the constitution was created A person designated to represent another or others - in this context, the representatives from each state A union of self-governing states which is also united by a central government. In the U.S. there was a state and a national government. The government that is in control of the nation. Civil Discourse Constitutional Convention Delegate Federal System Proportional Representation National Government http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/glanzman-s.jpg Strong National Government The Virginia Plan WHO? - Intro The Virginia Plan was written by James Madison before the Convention began. It was proposed by the Virginian delegates, hence its name. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, which did not allow for the national government to make laws directly effecting citizens, the Virginia Plan calls for a federal system. WHAT? - Recommendations of the Virginia Plan 3 Branches of Government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Legislative supremacy was clearly established
National legislature, Congress, had two houses: The house of Representatives elected by the people, the Senate elected by house representatives nominated by state legislatures
System of proportional representation to determine the number of representatives from each state
Congress would make laws states could not, like regulating trade between states
Congress could abolish state laws it found to violate the national constitution or national interest
Congress would be able to send national military against a state in order to enforce national laws Secrecy was essential because it allowed for open exchange of ideas. None of the internal arguments were known to the public, so delegates didn't have to worry about political ramifications. Moreover, the less the nation knew about disagreements, the more likely they were to accept the final product.
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