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Jose Rizal as a political philosopher: Rizal would criticize

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Kat Lee

on 14 July 2015

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Transcript of Jose Rizal as a political philosopher: Rizal would criticize

Jose Rizal as an Ilustrado in 19th Century
What does Ilustrado means?
rizal's concept of government and politics
Max Weber defines government as the rise of an institution which has "monopoly of the legitimate use of physical power." He complains that the government is an institution that could legally take people's property by taxing them, imprisoning them, and even executing them.
rizal's concept of government and politics
In his letter to other Filipino leaders, Rizal commented at length about government. In a letter to Mariano Ponce, Rizal remarked that one day Filipino political leaders would finish their "arduous mission which is the formation of the Filipino nation."
the key ingredients of politics in the noli me tangere
Rizal's novel, Noli Me Tangere, discusses the key ingredients of political science. The plot of the novel centers around a returning native son named Crisostomo Ibarra, who finds an alien nation and becomes a stranger in his own land. He studied abroad and in his absence his father killed a Spanish tax collector. In this portion of the novel art imitates life. This was Rizal's way of exonerating his own family. Their wealth reduced due to the conflict with the local authorities. In the novel, Rizal had his revenge by savaging the friars and the corrupt government officials.
the key ingredients of politics in the noli me tangere
He fictionalizes the problems of his family with the government in the novel. He uses it to discuss the key ingredients of political science. But there are other significant points made in the Noli Me Tangere. Rizal extracts a strange sort of revenge against hid Spanish conquerors. His main concern is to demonstrate how the Philippines has been bastardized.
basic political reforms
1. The restoration of Filipino representation to the Spanish Cortes and freedom of the press.
2. Reorganization of the administrative machinery.
3. Adoption of a comprehensive examination and the publication of its results and allowing Filipinos to have the same opportunity with the Spaniards to hold government office.
4. Justice is the foundation of society and the government.
Jose Rizal as a political philosopher: Rizal would criticize today's society
* It means the enlightened one
* anti- friar
*They were the middle class who were educated in Spanish and exposed to Spanish liberal and European nationalist ideals.
*was composed of native-born intellectuals and cut across ethnolinguistic and racial lines—Indios, Insulares, and mestizos.
Rizal's definition of government and politics focused on the Spanish influences. One of his criticisms of Spanish colonialism was the corruption of the bureaucracy. In describing a typical Spanish bureaucrat, Rizal wrote: "In order to govern peoples he does not know or understand, he ought to possess the talent of a genius and extraordinary knowledge. Rizal argue that it this was necessary because the Filipinos were gaining a new political sophistication.
He fictionalizes the problems of his family with the government in the novel. He uses it to discuss the key ingredients of political science. But there are other significant points made in the Noli Me Tangere. Rizal extracts a strange sort of revenge against hid Spanish conquerors. His main concern is to demonstrate how the Philippines has been bastardized.
the key ingredients of politics in the noli me tangere
the key ingredients of politics in the noli me tangere
Leon Ma. Guerrero, one of Rizal's most prominent biographers, argues that Noli Me Tangere, "denies the friars even the dignity of their convictions." In a series of letters to Blumentritt, Rizal critically dissected the the failures of the Spanish rule. Guerrero's biography suggests that Rizal was influenced by his studies in Spain and he became an adherent of Spanish anti-clericalism. This conclusion ignores the degree of Rizal's hostility to the church prior to his Europian studies.
The best analysis of Rizal's political contribution is Raul J. Bonoan who argues that Rizal was caught between faith and reason. Tasio, the philosopher, projects some important lessons in the novel. He was the wise man from the city of San Diego. He was a wise man. He is contemptuous of the superstition foisted upon the people by the church and he is particularly critical of the notion that hell is a possibility. What Tasio represents is the freedom that Rizal experienced when he studied in Europe. He is a man of wisdom who is able to counsel snd direct the novel's main characters.
Rizal's definition
political terms
Political Culture
• is a set of ideas and values about government and the political process held by a community or nation.
Rizal on Political Culture
In his essay, "The Indolence of the Filipinos", Rizal observed that "without education and liberty...no reform is possible... Rizal exclaimed that, political culture could not thrive in the Philippines because of the inability of the Spanish to recognize local political values. Only education could Filipinos overcome this deficiency.
Political Socialization
• is one of the main elements of political science.
• process by which people, at various stages in their lives, acquire views and orientation about politics.
Rizal on Political Socialization
By emphasizing the importance of being a Filipino, Rizal accelerated the process of local nationalism. His criticism of the friars and the church helped to change attitudes toward local nationalism.
Political Ideology
• is a comprehensive and logically ordered set of beliefs about nature of people and about the institutions and role of government.
Rizal on Political Ideology
In Rizal's novel Noli Me Tangere, he writes:

...we are speaking of the present condition of the Philippines... yes, we are now entering upon a period of strife... the strife is between the past, which seizes and strives with curses to cling to the tottering feudal castles, and the future, whose song of triumph may be heard from afar... bringing the message of good news from other land." As a passionate supporter of a new Philippine nation, Rizal introduced a fierce brand of ideology which had made Filipinos among the most political people in the world. Filipinos have carefully defined political ideology.
• is the idea of oneness by group of people who possess common traditions, a shared history, a set of goals, and a belief in a specific future.
Rizal on Nationalism
Rizal argued that Filipinos could only foster their own sense of nationalism by studying history. Rizal wrote to Blumentritt: "I would stimulate these Philippine studies," and concluded that history provided "the true concept of one's slef and drove nations to do great things". Foremost is that he is the dominant national hero who, unlike all other heroes, had a firm vision of the future of the Philippines. He glorifies life in the Philippines. Onofre D. Corpuz concludes that Rizal's life suggests he is the "father of his country".
Representative Government
• is the notion that the people have an inherit right to sot in a chamber that determines their future.
Rizal on Representative Government
Spain had granted Filipinos representation in the Spanish Cortes from 1809 until the privilege was removed by Queen Maria Cristina in 1836. Rizal believed that the representation was essential to the governing process. Rizal contented that representation removed the spirit of revolution.
• a government in which all power is shared by citizens.

• Demos is derived from a Greek word which means people.
Rizal on Democracy
In Rizal's view the best government was a mixture between representative democracy and responsible model of democracy. He believed that it would take some time for Filipinos to actively participate in local government. The definition of democracy is found in Rizal's mind. He employed such definition in his writings, his public speeches and his advocacy of Philippine democracy.
Rizal would criticize today's society
• If Jose Rizal were alive today, "he would write two novels, be imprisoned again and be criticized by government and society" so said lawyer Pedro Rosito, Cebu Chapter Commander of the Knights of Rizal.
• Today, Rizal would stand out in the midst of the confusion brought about by allegations of electoral fraud and cheating.
• Maybe this time, "Filipinos and not Spanish soldiers would shoot him or give him lethal injection.
• During Spanish times, filibustering referred to a Filipino or any person who would rebel or utter words against the Spanish and was thus considered dangerous so he would have to be imprisoned. Today, filibustering according to Rosito, is used to describe the long speech of some lawmakers, or some senators including one of the speeches of Sen. Aquilino Pimentel which lasted for several hours which just consumed and wasted precious time.
• Rizal was famous for criticizing and exposing the abuses of Spanish friars and officials. "If Rizal were alive today, he too would question the way the priests are spending the money of the church and would be checking whether these are used to build more schools for the poor; he would be more vigilant on the maladministration of justice for the people; he would have criticized the prevailing graft and corruption practices in the bureau; he would criticized the "gambling lords" who resemble the landlords and those receiving "jueteng payola" who resemble "tax collectors" during his times.
THE END!!! :)
Presented by:
Group 4
Full transcript