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Transcript of American History
The first settlers came from Spain, France, the Netherlands and Britain.
1492, Columbus departed with three ships: the Santa María , the Pinta and the Santa Clara, nicknamed the Niña to find a way to Asia. But they discovered a new continent.
Between 1492 and 1503, Columbus completed four round-trip voyages between Spain and the Americas, all of them under the sponsorship of the Spanish Crown. These voyages marked the beginning of the European exploration and colonization of the American continents, and are thus of enormous significance in Western history.
Thousands of Africans or Caribbeans were brought to America to work as field hands and domestic servants. they were sold at auctions like animals.
War between Britain and France
The French and Indian War (1754–1763) is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years' War. The same war is referred to in Canadian history as the War of the Conquest. The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France.
After driving the French out of North America in 1763, the British imposed a series of new taxes while rejecting the American argument that taxes required representation in Parliament. Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party of 1773, led to punishment by Parliament. All 13 colonies united in a Congress that led to armed conflict in April 1775. On July 4, 1776, the Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence
drafted by Thomas Jefferson, proclaimed that all men are created equal, and founded a new nation, the United States of America. Between 1775 and 1782 the Americans fought the British army with support from France and military leadership by
General George Washington
. The peace treaty of 1783 in Paris established the new nation. In 1787 the
in 1808 slave trading was made illegal and prohibited in many states. But slavery continued in the South were slaves were needed in the cotton industry.
The Mexican War
From 1846 to 1848 American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico.The war ended in a victory for the United States. The United States acquired the northern half of Mexico. This area later became the U.S. states of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico and Utah.
Indigenous peoples lived in what is now the United States for thousands of years and developed complex cultures. Some researchers believe Native Americans arrived during the last Ice Age, when the sea level was low enough that there was a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska (Bering Sea). Other tribes might have immigrated from South America.
Before the discovery of America
The first British settlers came with the Mayflower. The ship transported Pilgrims. They were looking for freedom and prosperity. Many of them died.
The first successful English colony was established in 1607. New England was established in 1630.
(signing the Declaration of Independence)
(The American Constitution)
The Civil War (1861-1865)
please consider the presentation
"The American Civil War" )
The first World War
Maintaining neutrality when World War I began in Europe in 1914, the United States helped supply the Allies. But after German submarines have attacked British and American ships, the US Army also payed an active role in the conflict.
began in August of 1929 when the United States economy first went into an economic recession. It lasted for nearly 10 years,The Depression caused major political and economical changes in America. 13 million people became unemployed. The bank system collapsed. And in Germany Hitler and his party took power.
The Second World War
The US involvement in World War II covers the war against Japan, Germany and Italy starting with the 7 December 1941 attack on
During the war over 16 million Americans served in the United States military, with 290,000 killed in action and 670,000 wounded. In 1942
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
formed an alliance with Britain, France and the Soviet Union against Hitler`s Germany. The war ended 1945 after Germany had surrendered. Germany (and Berlin) was divided into 4 sectors.
The Marshall Plan
was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.
Civil Rights Movement
Vietnam War (1956-1975)
1954: the Supreme Court decides that all children have to go to the same school.
1955: Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat for a white passenger (Alabama)
1960`s: 1963 March on Washington - Martin Luther King held his speech "I have a dream". 1964 - The Civil Rights act - same rights for black and white people.
1968: Martin Luther King is assassinated.
1980`s: special programs to enhance education and job possibilities.
The Korean War ( 1950 – 1953) was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), supported by China and the Soviet Union.The U.S. provided 88% of the 341,000 international soldiers which aided South Korean forces.
The Korean War monument (Washington D.C.)
The U.S. government viewed American involvement in the war as a way to prevent a Communist takeover of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese were supported by the Soviet Union and China. The conflict escalated in the 60`s. In the U.S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed. It ended with the
fall of Saigon
1975. It is considered the biggest American trauma in the last century.
The first Gulf War
1990 -1991: The Gulf War codenamed Operation Desert Storm was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
2001: Terror attack on September 11
2003: Iraq War (-2011) and Afghanistan War
2007-2008: Financial crisis
2009: First Afro - American President (Barack Obama)
Period known as the "
" - enduring conflict between "the west" and "the east"