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PERUVIAN PHYTOSANITARY AND SANITARY CERTIFICATION OF PLANT PRODUCTS

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Orlando Dolores

on 31 March 2017

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Transcript of PERUVIAN PHYTOSANITARY AND SANITARY CERTIFICATION OF PLANT PRODUCTS

SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATION
The phytosanitary certification of plant products, usually should accomplish the following requirements in the international trade; depending of phytosanitary or sanitary requirements of importer country authority:

a) Accomplish with the international standard conditions for exporting.

b) Come from a place of production certified.

c) The commodities when are transported from orchards to packinghouses must be protected with insect-prof mesh.

d) The plant products must be packed in packinghouses and/or treatment facilities certified.

e) Each consignment must be inspected by SENASA's trained inspectors.

f) Phytosanitary treatment.

g) Laboratory diagnostic for quarantine pests.
1.- Many individual regulations for each plant product: mango, grape, citrus, asparagus, etc.,

2.- These regulations contain similar information.

3.- Some Peruvian products for exporting don't have regulations.

5.- These regulations don't include aspects of food safety requirements for exporting.


1.- Unify all individual regulations in a regulation that includes the food safety controls.

2.- To include all products under category 02 and 03 of the ISPM 32.

3.- Make easier the understanding of the exporters, farmers, SENASA's inspectors and all persons working in export activities.

4.- The regulation will have the techinical annexes which may be changed inmediatily, according the phytosanitary status of exporter areas or importer country.

NEW DOMESTIC REGULATION FOR EXPORTING:

OBJECTIVES: To improve the eficacy of the certification service to Peruvian exporters, fulfilling the international standards (IPPC, CODEX) and the phytosanitary and sanitary requirements of the NAPPO of the importer country.

Currently, SENASA has implemented a new electronic certification system.

Our domestic regulation includes the procedures and activities, which can be developed online through internet.

This regulation includes all plant products under the category 02 and 03 of the ISPM 32.
SENASA HAS REGISTERED IN A DATA BASE, THE PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH IMPORTER COUNTRY. THIS INFORMATION IS PUBLISHED IN THE WEB SITE OF SENASA

HOW DOES THE SYSTEM WORK?
NEW ELCTRONIC CERTIFICATION SYSTEM
This system works connected to VUCE which receives the request of the exporter or farmer, this information is transferred to SENASA's electronic certification system. When the exporter requests a service to SENASA, the system validates the phytosanitary requirements of the importer country. If the phytosanitary requirements of the importer country is not registered in the system, the exporter can't transmit the request through SENASA' system.

Minimum requirements of the consignment for phytosanitary inspection for exporting
The plant product destined to exportation must have the following minimum requirements for the phytosanitary inspection:

1.- To be contained in a new packaging.

2.- To be free of soil, plant debris and/or other plant material.

3.- Each packaging must have a sticker/label, which includes the traceability code of the export commodity.

4.- To be free of quarantine pests according the phytosanitary requirements of the importer country. See Annex 4.3 of the regulation.


CERTIFICATION OF PLACES OF PRODUCTION
REQUIREMENTS:
The request is entered through VUCE, attaching Phytosanitary Management Plan according Annex 1.2 of the regulation, in this annex describes the chemical and biological pesticide application for pest control. This pest control must be executed under the Annex 1.1, "Guidelines for PIM".

PHITOSANITARY INSPECTION:
a) With the farmer's information, the Inspector visits the place of production and executes the phytosanitary inspection using the Annex 1.3. In addition, the inspector will extract the sample for analysis of pesticide residues.

B) The FTD of the orchards, must be below FTDs established for each areas in the Annex 1.6 and the infestation with quarantine pest for exporting, must be below of the % established in the Annex 1.6. The orchards will be certified for exporting if complies what's indicated above. The result of the laboratory diagnostic about pesticide residues will be attached in the orchard's file.

d) The orchards that infringe the regulation will be canceled or suspended from the export program.
CONDITIONS FOR THE TRANSIT OF PLANT PRODUCT FROM ORCHARD TO PACKINGHOUSE
The plant product is transported in vehicles protected for insect-proof mesh.

The lot or lots of plant product destined to export is transported with a official document approved by SUNAT, named "Guía de Remisión" , this document may be of the exporter or farmer as long as this document identifies clearly the farmer.

For plant products specified in the Annex 2.1, the "Guía de Remisión" must be signed by farmer. In addition must be indicated the quantity of product from each farmer; if the vehicle transports lots from different farmers.

When the product is transported to other geographic region, the "Guia de Remision" must be signed by SENASA's inspector in place of origin. This Inspector puts the official seal in the vehicle to ensure the identity and integrity of the product.

In the packinghouses the inspector verifies these conditions; previous the packaging or in the phytosanitary inspection.

Transit of products suceptible to fruit flies:

These products, only may be transported to regulated areas, only with SENASA's official document (Inspection official format or Phytosanitary certificate)

CERTIFICATION OF PACKINGHOUSES AND TREATMENT FACILITIES

a) Reception area: under phytosanitary safeguarding
b) Packaging area: access to this area is through double doors and/or air screen in order to avoid pest entering
c) Treatment area: only treatment facilites
d) Packaging materials storehouse: this area is exclusive and separated from packaging area.
e) SENASA's office: all facilities must have this area implemented with a computer connected to internet.
f) Cold storage: this area must comply with the Annex 3.2 of the regulation.
g) Shipping area: completely closed with insect-proof mesh
1.- The SENASA's system is set up to issue automatically the phytosanitary certificate and in the future issue the phytosanitary electronic certificate.
PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION OF CONSIGNMENTS
Este Procedimiento abarca los productos vegetales de las categorias de riesgo fitosanitario 02 y 03, acorde a lo establecido por la normativa internacional NIMF 32 de la CIPF




PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS

In the Annex 5.1 is specified the cold treatment conditions for each importing country.
In the Annex 5.2 is specified the hot water treatment conditions for each country.
Other treatment conditions is specified in the others Annexes.
The USDA-APHIS treatment Manual is used by SENASA's Inspectors as a reference.
SENASA authorizes its personnel to develop each treatment mentioned in the annexes above.
Orlando Dolores Salas
Plant Quarantine Section
SENASA PERU
odolores@senasa.gob.pe

The phytosanitary certificate issued by SENASA, makes sure to the NPPO of importer country that the consignment was certified according the agreed phytosanitary and sanitary requirements .

When the exporter can not transmit their request by VUCE, is necessary a formal communication with Plant Quarantine Section of SENASA, which obtains or searches this information with NPPO of importer country.
MINIMUM CONDITIONS FOR
FACILITIES CERTIFICATION
This facilities must have the minimum requirements decribed in the regulation.
The applicant must request through VUCE system.
Traceability requirements
a) Traceability system: all facilities must be implemented with a traceability code stated to SENASA. This code is labeled in all packaging

B) Records: the facilities certified keep a virtual file where is registered dates and quantities of plant products packed or treated.
They also have a physical file which saves documents (''Guías de Remisión'').

These records must be kept for at least 3 years in order to show them at audits of the importing countries authorities and/or SENASA.
Para la certificación de empacadoras, PTE y CI, el Inspector del SENASA evalúa la instalación verificando el cumplimiento de los requisitos antes citados, para el cual usa el formato del Anexo 3.1., las empacadoras nuevas y PTE nuevas, además deben cumplir con el Anexo 3.1.A
las instalaciones que incumplen el Procedimiento perderán su condición de certificado según la infracción indicada en el Anexo 3.3.
PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION
ISSUANCE OF THE PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE
According to the International Regulations (IPPC), the exportation of plant commodities requires a Phytosanitary Certificate for each consignment. However, those consignments must accomplish the food safety standard of CODEX or national food safety regulation of the importer country

PHYTOSANITARY AND SANITARY CERTIFICATION SYSTEM OF PLANT PRODUCTS DESTINED TO EXPORTATION

OBJETIVES OF THE NEW REGULATION:
WHY A NEW DOMESTIC REGULATION FOR EXPORTING?
1.- The inspector reviews the phytosanitary requirements of the importing country and documents of each consignment.
2.- The inspector also checks the result of the laboratory diagnostics for pesticide remains according to the Annexe 4.5 of the regulation.
3.- Takes a sample that represents 1% to 2% of the consignment. This sample may be also according to specific phytosanitary requirements of the importing country.
4.- In this sample the inspector evaluates the presence of the quarantine pests using the format of Annex 4.1.
5.- The consignment is rejected if a quarantine is detected or the tolerance for non-quarantine pests is over the tolerances established in the Annex 4.3
6.- The inspector verifies the labels of the packaging according to the requirements of the importing country. The inspector also verifies the cleaning of the container and wood packaging material.
7.- The inspector writes his report and register in the SENASA's electronic system and then issues the phytosanitary certificate.
All consignments are inspected by SENASA's trained inspectors in order to ensure the phytosanitary requirements of the importing country authority.
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