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Run-on Sentences

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by

Julie V

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Run-on Sentences

Run-on Sentences
To avoid making a run-on sentence, you can create other structures of sentences.
Run-on sentence:
when two separate thoughts are combined as if they were a single thought
Pretest
What is NOT one of the ways to revise a run-on sentence?
A. turning the sentence into two (splitting it)
B. using a comma with a conjunction
C. using a semicolon
D. using only a comma
E. turning one independent clause into a subordinate
Two types of run-on sentences:
Ways to correct run-on sentence:
1. Convert it into two sentences
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy.
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us. We were very unhappy.

2. Use a comma and coordinating conjunction (also Compound sentences)
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy.
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us
, so
we were very unhappy.

3. Change one independent clause into a subordinate clause
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy.
Since
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy.
["Since Kaycee spoiled the movie for us" is a subordinate clause now.]
Conjunctions to use to create a subordinate clause:
After
Since
While
Even if
Until
Coordinating conjunctions:
And
Or
But
Nor
So
For
Yet
4. Use a semicolon
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy. Kaycee spoiled the movie for us
;
we were very unhappy.

Semicolon:
use only when the sentences are closely related
used to form bonds between 2 thoughts
semicolon has a shorter pause than a comma's
5. Use a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us, we were very unhappy.
Kaycee spoiled the movie for us
; consequently,
we were very unhappy.
[Semicolon used to smoothly connect the 2 independent clauses together.]
["Consequently" provides a smooth and a clear transition for connecting the 2 independent clauses.]
Conjunctive Adverbs:
moreover
nevertheless
however
otherwise
therefore
then
finally
likewise
consequently
Compound sentence:
combines two or more independent clauses and has no subordinate clauses
Tommy wanted a new phone his sister wanted one too.
Tommy wanted a new phone
, and
his sister wanted one too.

Complex sentence:
contains one independent clause and at least
one subordinate clause
Tommy wanted a new phone his sister wanted one too.
While they were shopping,
Tommy and his sister both wanted new phones.

["While they were shopping" is a subordinate clause. "Tommy and his sister both wanted new phones" is an independent clause.]
Compound-Complex Sentence:
contains two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause
Tommy wanted a new phone his sister wanted one too.
Tommy went to the store with Helen, who is his sister, and they both wanted new phones.

["Tommy went to the store with Helen" and "They both wanted new phones" are independent clauses. "Who is his sister" is a subordinate clause.]
Fused Sentence:
no punctuation between two
complete thoughts
Tracie slipped into the pool she was rescued by Ken.
[There is no period between the 2 independent clauses.]
Comma Splice:
only has a comma separating the
two complete thoughts
Gwen likes to do history homework during biology class, Mr. Ward always yells at her.
[The comma does not separate the 2 independent clauses.]
The answer is D. Using a comma only causes a pause, and it does not provide a decent detachment to reasonably show the flow of the sentence.
Final Assessment:
Read the following paragraph and make corrections to fix every run-on sentence.
(Try not to use only periods.)
Rose was very concerned about her upcoming Biology test she was on the verge of a C in the class. The big test arrived Rose stayed up until 3 A.M. to review her notes. Rose was taking the test, Rose surprised herself by knowing the answers to every question. She finished in a matter of 30 minutes with a smile on her face she was happy. Rose found out later that she got a perfect score, she ran home with joy.
This is one possible answer. You might have fixed the sentences differently.
Answer:
Rose was very concerned about her upcoming Biology test
.
She was on the verge of a C in the class.
Before
the big test arrived
,
Rose stayed up until 3 A.M. to review her notes.
While she was taking the test,
Rose surprised herself by knowing the answers to every question. She finished in a matter of 30 minutes with a smile on her face
;
she was pleased. Rose found out later that she got a perfect score
, so
she ran home with joy.
Think-pair-share:
1. The novel was very intense the protagonist fought a four-headed dragon.
2. The friends ate dinner at the Cheesecake Factory, they enjoyed it very much.
Make a correction for both of the sentences. Discuss it with your partner.
To identify a run-on sentence:
Read the whole sentence and decide if it has a misplaced pause or no pause at all.

See if the sentence expresses two or more ideas. Make sure that they are joined properly or separated.
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