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downsyndrome

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trey autry

on 10 May 2010

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Transcript of downsyndrome

DOWN SYNDROME
AND THE BODY SYSTEMS What is Down syndrome? DOWN SYNDROME IS... ... a genetical disorder in which the
child has a flat face, short stature,
mental retardation, and other physical
and mental disorders. ...usually in the form of Trisomy 21, which is where an extra copy of the 21st chromosome is present. Instead of having 46 Chromosomes like a child without Down syndrome, kids with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. This extra chromosome, which is smaller than a speck of dust, causes all of this horrific damage that can't be cured. ... found in 1 in about every 800 babies born. Older women that give birth have a higher chance to have a baby with Down Syndrome than a women that is younger. A LIST OF THE BODY SYSTEMS. Skeletal
Circulatory
Respiratory
Nervous
Muscular
Reproductive
Excretory
Immune
Integumentary
Lymphatic
Digestive
Endocrine The Body Systems!!! Skeletal System

The skeletal system is made
up of bones,joints, and the
cartilage surrounding them.
An average adult human body has 206 bones. Bones work with your muscles to help your body move.
Circulatory system

The system involved in circulating blood throughout the body. The circulatory system is made up of the heart, blood, and blood vessels.

Respiratory System

The respiratory system is what helps you breathe. It is made up of the nose, mouth, and lungs.
Nervous System

The body system made up of cells and tissues that regulates the body's reactions to feeling and touch. The three main parts of the nervous system encludes the brain, spinal cord, and of course, your nerves. Muscular System

The body system that composes of smooth, cardiac, and skeletal muscles. The muscular system helps your bones move, digests your food, helps you breathe, and much more! Reproductive System

The reproductive system is different for both males and females. This system is what allows men and women to have children.

Excretory System

The excretory gets rid of any waste from your body, and it goes beyond #1 and #2. It also involves you breathing out(lungs) and sweating(sweat glands). Immune System

The immune system helps the body fight against viruses and diseases. It can also repair damage like a sickness. Scabs are part of the immune system because they cover and open wound to help it heal. Integumentary System

The integumentary system is basically your skin, hair, and nails. It protects your internal structure. It also prevents water loss.

Lymphatic System

The lymphatic system is probably the most difficult system to understand. It carries lymph through the bloodstream to the rest of the body.

Digestive System

The digestive system digests your food and absorbs the nutrients and sends them throughout the body. It takes about 24 hours to digest food from the time you eat it to the time it leaves your body. Endocrine System

The endocrine system chemically controls and tells cells what to do. It does this through the secretion of hormones.




I am now going to give you a brief description of the 12 body systems. So how does Down Syndrome affect the body systems?

I am about to show you how. Downsyndrome affects the body in many ways
and affects many of the systems. How does DS affect the Skeletal System?
How does DS affect the skeletal system? Down Syndrome affects a person's hearing
by decreasing the "volume" a person has.
It does this with a decrease of around 10
decibels. You are probably thinking that
hearing has nothing to do with the skeletal
system, but it does because there are
several small bones inside your ear. The bones are located
in the inner ear. How does DS affect the circulatory system? Down Syndrome affects the circulatory system by increasing the chance of congenital heart disease, which can be found in nearly half of the children born with Down Syndrome. How does DS affect the Respiratory System?
Down Syndrome can increase the chance of
certain cancers, in the respiratory system,
this can mean lung cancer or leukemia, since
blood goes into the lungs. Children with DS
are 10 to 15 times more likely to develop
leukemia than other children. How does DS affect the Nervous System? People with DS usually have problems with their reaction time, which deals
with their nervous system.
They also may respond differently than others. How does DS affect the Muscular system? When people are born with
Down Syndrome, they usually
have hypotonia, which means
they have a low muscle tone.
This means they will relativly
have less skeletal muscle than
other kids in their age group.
How does DS affect the reproductive system?
People with Down Syndrome develope
slower than people without Down
Syndrome. This goes for Physically
and mentally. This also goes for the
reproductive system. How does DS affect the Excretory System? Down Syndrome does not affect
the excretory system. How does DS affect the Immune System? Down Syndrome brings down the body's
immune system. Because of this, if a
person with DS gets sick, it becomes a
lot harder for them to get well. How does DS affect the integumentary system? Down Syndrome does not affect
the integumentary system. How does DS affect the Lymphatic System? Down Syndroem does not
affect the lymphatic
system. How does DS affect the Endocrine system? Congenital Hypothyroidism, which is a sickness that deals with an enlarged thyroid, affects the endocrine system since the thyroid is in the endocrine system. How does DS affect the Digestive System? Down Syndrome also doesn't affect the digestive system. Here are a few pictures of people with Down Syndrome Now that you know about Down Syndrome,
how can you help? Visit the National Down Syndrome
Society at ndss.org to find out how. ...the most common genetical disorder. Created by Trey Autry
Full transcript