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Still Life (Art 1)
Transcript of Still Life (Art 1)
Still life is a painting or drawing of objects. Still life is different from other forms of figurative work in the sense that it cannot move (unlike a figure, or portrait) and is close to you (unlike a landscape).
Still life sketches or paintings can be of groups of natural objects, such as fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
History of still life
Still life became very popular in the 17th century. Art was supposed to serve Christianity by illustrating scenes from the Bible. During this period, artists tried to create dramatic scenes in a realistic way.
Where do I begin?
When you sketch or paint still life, you see things in your own way. Different people focus on different things;
Some people may be fascinated to the detail
Others may notice the shapes within the still life
Another person may be more interested in the colors
Still life sketches or paintings can also consist of man made objects, such as bottles, clothing, and cooking pots.
The Ambassadors by Holbien (1533)
Christ at Emmaus by Caravaggio (1601)
An artist has to set up a still life group before they can begin to sketch or paint. The key is to make the still life look interesting.
Place a cloth or wall behind the objects to create a background
The objects may be placed on a table, which is then included within the sketch or painting
Objects are usually grouped together rather than spaced out.
Still Life artists
Paul Cezanne; Still Life with Apples and Peaches,
Henri Matisse; Gold Fish, 1914
Giorgio Morandi; Still life with jugs, 1956
Vincent Van Gogh; Sunflowers, 1889
Harmen Van Steenwyck; An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life, 1640
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point.
A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume.
Value refers to the lightness or darkness of an area.
Value helps define objects in space
Often individuals use a Value Scale to help better understand the range of lightness and darkness
Training your eyes to “see” the subtle shift of value helps you to define
highlights and shadows of objects and develop the 3-D form.
“Learning to see”
The amount, thickness and direction of line can help create tonal value in a drawing.
Using Line to Create Value
Common types of line used to create value are:
Hatching, Cross-Hatching, Contour-Hatching and Stippling
Hatching: parallel lines used to create value
It is the most basic method of creating value is linear hatching. Fine parallel lines fill an area, so that from just a slight distance, we have the illusion of value. The closer the lines are, the less white paper shows, and the darker the value appears. Heavier line weight (thicker lines) also gives a darker appearance.
Crosshatching: perpendicular lines that cross to create value.
Contour Hatching: when parallel lines follow the contours of an object to show value.
This technique is often used in figure drawing, with the direction of line helping to suggest the cross-contours of the body. Hatching which follows a contour can also help to make objects appear more three-dimensional.
Stippling: using tiny dots to create value.
The closer together the dots, the darker the tone. Larger dots create a denser tonal value more quickly, but can look coarse.
Value Scale Worksheet
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519):
A painter, a sculptor, an architect and an engineer, Leonardo Da Vinci's numerous skills have earned him the title of an Italian renaissance master.
Da Vinci's fascination with science and his in-depth study of human anatomy aided him in mastering the realist art form.
We will using Da Vinci as our inspirational artist because of his work with sketches, doodles and emphasis on line in his art works.
Our Inspirational Artist
There are many different kinds of lines. Here are some common lines:
Art connects everyone in every country