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Important Battles of the Civil War

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Adam McCarvill

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of Important Battles of the Civil War

Antietam
Often called the "Bloodiest One Day Battle" - there were 23,000 casualties
Start of the war. (April 12, 1861)
Confederate forces attacked a Union base
Unions had to surrender after 34 hours of fighting (no deaths)
1st Battle of Bull Run
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863
It stated that all slaves were free from the bonds of slavery
The proclamation only applied to the states that had seceded from the Union, and the freedom it promised was dependent upon a Union victory.
Fredericksburg
Took place on Dec. 11-15, 1862
One of the largest and deadliest battles of the Civil war
The Union army fell for a diversion, which ended their chances of victory (silly mistakes/need to rethink)
Vicksburg
One of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war by General Grant.
Confederates get effectively split in half by way of the Mississippi river
Confederate army had to retreat.
Important Battles of the Civil War
Gettysburg
Gettysburg Address
Sherman's March to the Sea
Appomattox Campaign
This was an important event because it
was the start of the war. If the Union
hadn't surrendered they wouldn't have pushed
themselves to fight harder. Also, after the capture of Fort Sumter, Lincoln called upon state militias to put out the rebellion. This in turn caused more states to secede.
Took place on September 17th, 1862
The Union led a series of assaults on the Confederate army, which caused them to begin to take control, until the arrival of A.P. Hill's division of troops
The battle ended in a draw.
This battle was an important event because it ended the Confederate army of Virginia's first invasion into the North. It also led to Lincoln's issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.
First major battle of the two armies on July 21, 1861
Part of the Union campaign to stop the Confederate threat to the capital
The Union made several mistakes that led to their defeat.
It was a Confederate victory.
This battle was an important event during the war because it was a crushing defeat for the Union in both casualties and morale. It also gave the Confederate forces increased confidence for the battles ahead.
This battle was important because it showed the Union that they needed to rethink their strategy - and quick too. It also showed that the Confederate army had far less lives lost than the Union army and they were very confident about victory.
This battle ended with a Confederate victory
This siege ended with a Union victory.
It was important because it finally gave the Unions a victory, and a major one at that. With the Confederates effectively split in half the Union army is able to have full confidence.
This event was important in the outcome of the war because it shifted the perspective of the war to the issue of slavery. Also, Lincoln was increasing the power of the presidency by passing laws during wartime.
Union General Sherman changed the army's tactics
Forced Confederate army to surrender and worried confederate people
March began November 15, 1864
It was important because it was when the Union changed their battle tactics. They were then able to make the Confederates surrender and intimidate the southerners.
It ended in a Union victory
This battle ended with a Union victory.
Took place on July 1-3, 1863
Union and Confederate forces clashed to the north and west of Gettysburg on the first day with the Union holding strategic positions, The Confederates had a few small gains on the second day, and the third day brought the most intense fighting, with the Union regaining lost ground.
This was the bloodiest battle in the whole war, with over 51,000 combined casualties
Delivered by Abraham Lincoln on November 19, 1863
Was the speech given at the dedication of a national cemetery at the Gettysburg battlefield
It reminded the nation about what they are fighting for
This battle was a significant event because the Confederate defeat and Pickett's failed charge marked a major turning point in the war, in favor of the Union. If the battle had gone differently, the South might have succeeded in seceding from the Union.
The Pursuit of Lee's army by Grant's army started March 29, 1865 til April 9.
Defeat of Confederate General Lee by Grant's Union army.
Lee lost about 28,000 men while the Union only lost about 9,000 men
Conclusion
This was an important event because it was the start of the end of the Confederate states. By the end of the Campaign the Confederate army of northern Virginia ceased to exist.
The casualties of the Civil War were so high because they combined old war tactics with new technology. The tactics dated back to the Revolutionary War, where they would line up and march forwards. The weapons improved by becoming much more accurate, resulting in more casualties. Also, the new cone-shaped bullets almost ensured a death. Finally, over two-thirds of the deaths were caused by disease. This was due to poor hygiene, overcrowding, and lack of surgeons. These four factors combined lead to over 620,000 casualties throughout the war.
The Confederates captured the fort
This was an important event in the war because it inspired the nation to continue the fight, by reminding them of the reason of why they were fighting in the first place. Lincoln framed the deaths of the Union soldiers as sacrifices made to uphold the principles of the Founding Fathers.
Bibliography
"620,000 soldiers died during the Civil War.." Civil War Trust. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/pdfs/civil-was-curriculum-medicine.pdf>.

Andrews. "Sherman's March to the Sea... Total Warfare." Push Back Your Desk and Open Your Mind to the World!. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://pushbackyourdesk.blogspot.com/2011/10/shermans-march-to-sea-total-warfare.html>.

"Antietam." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=home>.

"Antietam." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts>.

"Antietam." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 16 Jan. 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/anti/index.htm>.

"Appomattox Campaign." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War. Patricia D. Netzley. Ed. Kenneth W. Osborne. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 20. U.S. History in Context. Web. 24 Jan. 2014.

"Bull Run." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html>.

"Bull Run, First Battle of (First Manassas)." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War. Patricia D. Netzley. Ed. Kenneth W. Osborne. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 58. U.S. History in Context. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.

"Civil War Casualties." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/civil-war-casualties.html>.

"Emancipation_Proclamation." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/>.

"Firing on Fort Sumter: "The Opening Ball" : " Remembering April, 1861"." Firing on Fort Sumter: "The Opening Ball" : " Remembering April, 1861". N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.freewebs.com/sumterball/>.

"Fort Sumter." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 10 Jan. 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/fosu/index.htm>.

Kurz & Allison. Battle of Vicksburg. N.d. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

Kurz & Allison. Battle of Antietam. N.d. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

Kurz & Allison. Battle of Fredericksburg. N.d. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

Kurz & Allison. First Battle of Bull Run . N.d. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

"Sherman's March to the Sea." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 7. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 1407-1408. U.S. History in Context. Web. 26 Jan. 2014.

Unknown. Abraham Lincoln - Gettysburg Address. N.d. Unknown, Unknown. AmericanRhetoric. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.

de Thulstrup, Thure . Battle of Gettysburg. N.d. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 18 Jan. 2014.
Fort Sumter
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