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Islam

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Islamic Studies

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Islam

Islam
Population Stats
World- 24% (1,600,000,000 followers)
Middle East - 91% (322,000,000 followers)
United States- <1% (2,500,000 followers)
Holidays
History from Origins to Present
Started around 610 CE by Muhammad
Abu Bakr, Aisha, and Ali
Most voted for Abu Bakr, some for Ali
War b/w Muslims created Sunni-Shi'a divide
Muslims moved further West
3 main branches:
Sunnis
Shi'as
Sufism
Geography
Originally started around the Arabian peninsula in 610 CE
As the religion spread rapidly in the Middle East, it slowly made its way through the Atlantic Ocean and China
During the mid-1500's, Islam broke through the Western European religion borders and remained there
Now, Islam can be found worldwide!
Important Figures
God/ Allah
God was the creator of everything, and made everything we have today, therefore he must be worshiped everyday
He is unique and strictly one. There is no one that can resemble God and his greatness.
He is everywhere, even if there is no land
He is worshiped because he can help those in need and those in distress
Worship
Bibliography
Works Cited
Amini. "Page 1." Al-Islam.org by the Ahlul Bayt DILP - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2013. <http://www.al-islam.org/short/alhadith/Pages/Page1.html>.

Godlas. "Hadith and the Prophet Muhammad." Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2013. <islam.uga.edu/hadith.html >.
Haq. "The Life of the Prophet Muhammad - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/history/prophet.html>.

"History of Islam - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions.. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/history.htm>.

Jirousek. "Islamic Near East: Historic Background." Art, Design, and Visual Thinking. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013. <http://char.txa.cornell.edu/nonwest/islam/islamhis.htm>.

Koran. "The Islam Debate — The Historical Background of Islam — Chapter One — Josh McDowell." The Evangelical Christian Library: Online Books for the Whole Family. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2013. <http://www.ccel.us/islamdebate.ch1.html>.

Limited, FSTC . "MuslimHeritage.com - Topics." MuslimHeritage.com - Discover 1000 Years of Missing History. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=216>.

Pop. "Muslim Population." Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <www.islamcan.com/muslim-population-statistics.shtml >.
Reem.
"Important Figures: Abu Bakr | Inside Islam." Inside Islam | Dialogues and Debates; Challenging Misconceptions, Illuminating Diversity. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2013. <http://insideislam.wisc.edu/2012/01/important-figures-abu-bakr/>.

"The Qur' an." Introduction . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013. <www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/texts/quran_1.shtml >.

Thompson. "The Muslim Population Has Grown." The Telegraph. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/damianthompson/100069830/the-muslim-population-has-grown-from-1-65-million-to-2-87-million-since-2001-say-researchers-what-does-this-mean-for-liberal-britain/ >.



Islam was found in the Arabian Peninsula in approximately 610 C.E.
Historical Context
Branches and Sections/ Denominations
Sunnis
Three Major Texts:
Qur'an.
Hadith
Sunnah

Texts
Over 80% of Muslims are Sunnis
Believe that Muhammad did not choose a successor when he died
Abu Bakr became the political/ social leader of Muslims after Muhammad died
Sunni comes from the word Sunnah
Shi'as
2nd largest branch of Islam
Believe Muhammad chose Ali as his successor
Shi'a is short for Shiat Ali
Value some parts of the Qur'an over others and celebrate a few different holidays than the Sunnis
Sufism
3rd largest branch of Islam
First appeared around the Umayyad Dynasty
Mystical denomination
Sufi's are also called dervishes
Believe in tawakkul and tawhid
Sunni women and girls
Eid al-Fitr
Festival of the Fast-Breaking
Day after Ramadan ends
Celebrate accomplishment of fasting
Wear new clothes and give gifts
Eid al-Adha
"Festival of Sacrifice"
Pray special sermon
Wear new clothes and give gifts
Slaughter animal and donate the meat to the needy
Ashura
Tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram
Anniversary of the brutal death of the Prophet Muhammad's grandson
Observed almost entirely by the Shi'a
Rituals- mourning Husayn
Milad an-Nabi
Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad
Twelfth day of the month of Rabi' al-Awwal
Special sermons, retelling of his life, food, music
Street decorated for Milad an-Nabi.
"Whirling" dervishes in Turkey
A group of Shi'a men having a conversation
Miraj
Anniversary of the Prophet's Night Journey and ascension to heaven
Decorate homes with lights
Twenty-seventh day of the Islamic month of Rajab
Travel to the mosque to recite the story of the Prophet's Night Journey
"There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God."
From the Five Pillars of Islam
Declaration of Faith (Shahadah)
Prayer (Salah)
Donation to Charity (Zakat)
Fasting (Sawm)
Pilgrimage (Haji)

Muslims have 6 main beliefs:
Belief in Allah as their only God
Belief in holy books
Belief in angels
Belief in Prophets
Belief in the Day of Judgment
Belief in Predestination
Shahada
The acceptance of there being only one God, which is God, and that there is one prophet of God, Muhammad.
Salat
The act of praying, facing the holy Islamic city, Mecca, at five specific times a day.
Sawm
The act of fasting (food, water, sexual intercourse), during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
Zakat
The charitable act of a wealthy Muslim giving money to those less fortunate than him/her.
Hajj
A once in a lifetime trek to the holy Islamic city, Mecca, where sacred rituals are performed to prove ones faith. This includes circling various statues an temples multiple times.
Muhammad was born in 570 A.D. in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
He was the messenger of God
People worshiped him because he brought many people help and was he made the world the best place to live in.
If he was worshiped he would help you, but if you didn't worship the prophet you were on your own
He was considered the founder of Islam
The Prophet Muhammad
Ramadan
9th month of the Islamic Calendar
fast during daylight hours
Lailat ul Qadr (Night of Power) is the 27th day of Ramadan and the actual night that the Qur'an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad
Al-Hijra
Islamic New Year
Marks the Migration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE
Lailat ul Bara'h
15th day of Shabaan
Night of Forgiveness
Time to pray and ask for forgiveness
Polygamy
Law allows a man to take more than one wife as long as he has the means to treat all of his wives fairly.
"barrier or partition"
increase modesty
most visible form is the head scarf
women who wear it are called Muhaajaba
Hijab
Piece of clothing that covers the face and women who wear it usually also cover their hands
Niqab
Full transcript