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Roaring Twenties

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ELMAT Apusher

on 3 June 2015

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Transcript of Roaring Twenties

The Roaring Twenties
Social Events
Sports are commercialized
First professional football league
Tennis Circuit
Golf Tours
First Superstars
Babe Ruth
Jack Demsey
Knute Rockne
Bobby Jones
Money in Sports
The first time money was associated with sports
source of financial revenue
no longer focused on sportsmanship and building character rather it focused on competition
The impact of sports in the 20's influenced Americans for future Generations
Babe Ruth
Dominated the game and attracted more viewers than ever before in the game of Baseball.
In 1920, he broke the record he set in 1919, which was an incredible 54 home runs a season which no other player had seen before
Recognized for his many broken records but was a fan favorite because not only was he a phenomenal baseball player he was a great person.
He was modest, warm-hearted, and was humble.
He brought popularity to the game during the 20's after the Black Sox Scandal of 1919
"The Babe" embroided the spirit of the 1920's sports, and the Roaring Twenties
The Golden Age of Competition
Black Sox Scandal
Historic home run records
Babe Ruth
Red Grange
Coach Rockne's Domination
Jack Dempsey's vicious knockouts
Man o'Wars brilliant races
Sportswriters became the character delivering the news to a country that couldn't get enough
Newspapers made sports an American pastime and provided relief to an American public seeking relief after the atrocities of WWI
Fads of the 1920s
During the 20's, food was changing due to the growing population and the new developments in technology
New inventions that improved the production and consumption of food
Bread Slicer
Processed caned foods
The introduction of canned foods made food last longer and now food in the home didn't have to be made from scratch.
And because food wasn't being made from scratch, families had more time on their hands to do fun things,women often became what was known as flappers
There was a higher consumption of fruits and sugars during the time period
There was a boom in the entertainment industry
Due to the post WWI economic prosperity Americans had lots of money to blow
Broadway reached an all time high with playwrights
Jerome Kern
Oscar Hammerstein
These playwrights pumped out top notch showcases
"An American in Paris"
"Show Boat"
"Funny Face"
Big time Actors helped attract audiences
Helen Morgan
Fred Astaire
Adele Astaire
Radio had an increase in popularity. By the end of the decade nearly half of all homes had a radio
The National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC)
Columbia Broadcast System (CBS)
NBC and CBS transmitted signals nationwide.
The public all heard the same programs, music and news stories, allowing all Americans to share the same experiences
Introduction of the Billboard music charts
Musicians like Bing Crosby heard nationally over the radio
Radio revolutionizes Entertainment
Plays in Entertainment
Movies in 1920 Entertainment
Movie industry had exponential growth in the twenties
Silent Films
Buster Keaton
Charlie Chaplin
Clara Bow
Rudolph Valentino
Midway through the decade, film became the country's fourth largest industry
Same time the first movies with sound were released
First appearance of Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie
The Jazz Era
Louie Armstrong
Gained Popularity in the 1920's
upbeat tempo
Jazz got around to everyone with the help of radio and phonograph records
known as the devils music
came to be in the late 20's
evolved from the blues
private clubs, dance clubs, jazz clubs, and roadhouses
The Cake walk
The Charleston
The Foxtrot
The Tango
The Waltz
Alcohol in the 1920's
During the 20's the 18th amendment had taken effect and prohibited the sale, distribution, or consumption of alcohol
Turned out backfiring as people drank anyway and disobeyed the law
There was an increase in organized crime during the prohibition as gangs developed and smuggled liquor.
The prohibition ended because of the increase in crime and the Great Depression changed the mind sets of most Americans away from alcohol
Foods we Recognize Today
There are many foods made in the 1920's that still exist today and are known by most of the world
Campbell's soup
Nestles Milk Food
Heinz Ketchup and Spaghetti
Maxwell Coffee

Ernest Hemingway
Prime years
$3.50 per seat
After social changes in the 20's Broadway eliminated tradition and it started booming.
Brought in a lot of capital
artistic development
Incorporated music to the social changes that occurred after WW1
Started writing for the Kansas City Star
Not many people knew of him during the 20's
He became more well known in later eras such as the 50's
His early pieces such as
The Sun also Rises

Farewell to Arms
were his best writings in the 20's
Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance was caused by white people's fascination in the the black community in Harlem
Most of the literature focused on a realistic portrayal of black life
Some black critics worried that these portrayals would delay the progress of equality
Langston Hughes was a major contributor to the Renaissance with his poetry and short stories
The intent of the movement was to show the United States people that the black community has strived and thrived and is able to produce amazing feats not only in literature, but music and art as well
Modernism was becoming a strong form of literature during the 20's
The movement was caused by the brutal reality of WWI
People started to realize how messed up the world really was and wanted to voice their opinion in their writing
Writers also addressed the corruptions in American society and government; such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's
The Great Gatsby
Influenced Jazz era
trumpeter, bandleader, singer, soloist, film star and comedian
daring trumpet style
Known for "What a Wonderful World"
Still widely known today
Learned most of his skills while playing on riverboats during the summer.
Made 60 records with Hot Five
Got a role in Broadway in 1929
As a result of clothing being cheaper and more accessible, even country folk could be in style
Hemlines rose, then dropped to just above the knee towards the end of the decade: to show off knees during “The Charleston” dance
The bob was introduced in Europe and was copied by women everywhere when Hollywood took to it
Silhouettes were straight up and down and clothing was colorful and often lined with fur
Stylish women had perfectly matching outfits without the frills or fickleness of the past
Corsets were abandoned and the modern bra came about
Stylish flappers of Hollywood wore short fringed or beaded dresses
1920s Fashion
Men’s suits have not significantly changed since
Suits were worn with pride, the only exception was blue-collar workers and college boys (more casual)
Suits were neutral solid or striped with pops of color from a tie or bowtie, gloves, and pocket handkerchief
Jacket made from wool, pants from wool based flannel: lighter than previous but heavier compared to today
Jackets were single or double breasted with high lapels and two flap pockets (lapels and pockets have not been seen since)
1920s Fashion
Pants matched the jacket and had two single pleats with a sharp crease down the front of the leg
High- waisted in order to make sure the shirt could not be seen between the jacket/vest and the pants
Pants showed often showed the ankle/sock and were slimmer at the beginning of the decade to match “the jazz look” then grew wider towards the end of the decade, even getting to be as wide as 16 inches
Vests were also very popular, matched the suit, high V-necks
Shirts were similar to today and were often brightly colored solid or striped
White attached or detached collars
Cuff links often had initials engraved and were even worn without a jacket
1920s Fashion
The invention of the radio brought on a "dance craze"
The Charleston was popularized
Young people often had dance marathons where they would move their feet nonstop for hours for a cash prize
After Miss America Pageant in 1921, beauty pageants were popularized
Because of chain stores like Sears, everyone had access to the latest styles
Flagpole sitting was where a person would climb the local flagpole and sit on the top for as long as possible= Test of endurance
Mah- jongg was a wildly popular Chinese game
Nationwide crossword craze
"Time" and "Reader's Digest" were first published and are still around today
Women who couldn't afford the ready-made styles made their own with the popular dress pattern packets
Prohibition set off the fad of "speakeasies" where bootlegged liquor flowed
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