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Transcript of Academic Writing
What is academic writing?
3rd person writing
Things to avoid
We reiterate what we've read, showing understanding and comprehension
Articulate an opinion or evaluation about
someone else's writing or ideas
The ultimate aim! To produce a new idea or evaluation based on
paraphrasing, summarizing, critiquing, and comparing.
Field of Study or Subfield
How you fit in the research world?
Broader academic world
Overall impression in your message
LOL, J, TY, TTYL...
Avoid stale and puffed up language;
"Please see attached file", "Please be advised."
Difference between texting and writing
No preaching or bragging
No one likes a know it all
Steer clear of bad humor, it diverts from the message.
Stay away from giving out intimate details. Keep it business.
When doing a report at work start formal, but if you know your audience well and the company culture allows for it you can address it more informally.
In academic writing aim for a more formal tone in your reports. This way you will be prepared.
A.He gave assistance to my friend.
B. He assisted my friend.
A. The attorney made an objection.
B. The attorney objected.
Active is strong
3rd person means we do not use I, me, or you in our papers.
Remember we write formally in academic writing. This means we do not use personal pronouns in our writing.
The only time that this differs is in the case of an experiment. Per the APA Manual (2010) in this case we want to avoid ambiguity so we use the word "we".
Document, Document, Document
Build your credibility
Instead of this
We hope this recommendation
will be helpful.
We trust that you'll want to extend
your service contract.
We're pleased to make this recommendation.
Remember credibility takes time to establish and can be destroyed in an instant.
1. Don't Apologize!
2. Have an attitude of an expert!
3. Share personal background!
Instead of saying "handicapped employees", say "employees with handicaps".
Focus on the people not the handicap!!
1. Acknowledge yours
2. Respect theirs
3. Be Honest
The Big Ones
Your Source's Bias
Check your source
Is it reliable?
1. Steer clear of contractions.
2. Watch for unnecessary words
3. Avoid words like; very, a lot,
really & so
4. Use strong verbs
5. No redundant phrases
6. Keep the format simple not
Don't use contractions or abreviations
Instead of this:
Many cars speed very fast.
According to...50% of cars speed over the speed limit.
Alot of students live on campus.
3,000 students live on campus.
Instead of this:
He gave assistance to my friend.
He assisted my friend.
We hope this recommendation finds you well.
We are proud to make this recommendation.
Avoid being redundant
Clear and Concise
An Effective Assignment
Show you understand the learning outcomes
Show you have interpreted and answered the question
Is well structured with sentences and paragraphs that link logically
The use of several theories and examples in order to create or further discussion
Is referenced correctly in APA format
Uses formal language with correct grammar, punctuation and spelling.
Types of Assignments
Effectively write and by so build your credibility
show knowledge and expertise
Fill gaps in the knowledge spectrum
Academic writing is...
using research to...
? You answer?
1. not previously published
2. peer reviewed
1. Ensure accuracy
2. Protect the rights of research participants
3. Protect intellectual rights
For this discussion:
Use two outside, peer-reviewed sources to help define secondary research (Tutorials to find peer reviewed sources are located in the NAU Library).
Describe the processes for research you find useful and support the selection with references as to their usefulness.
Share effective & productive secondary research tips proposed in your research. Support your tips with referenced, peer-reviewed research by citing those sources in your discussion and referencing them in the lower portion of the discussion post.
For this discussion search Youtube for a video by Markham Nolan on separating online credible sources from non-credible sources.
Use at least two peer-reviewed sources in order to define what a credible source is.
Choose one credible source and one non-credible source and compare the two. (e.g. professional websites vs. blogs; ehow vs. Wikipedia; articles with reputable authors vs. articles published by questionable publishing houses) What makes them different and what makes one stronger than the other?
Write an annotated bibliography for at least five references researched for LP 5’s professional proposal.
Directions: Perform a search of the NAU Library and locate six different references related to your professional proposal that you will be developing and submitting for Learning Plan 5. This research will focus on proposing recommendations to solutions for your problem statement defined in Learning Plan 2. Do not reuse articles already cited in Learning Plan 2. You will need 12 references for your final composition in Learning Plan 5. For each reference, you will complete an annotated bibliography. For this assignment, you should:
Use the NAU Library to research.
Use the APA Manual for proper citations.
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a descriptive paragraph (usually about 100 words) and a brief evaluative paragraph (usually about 50 words). The references should pertain to your field of study, employment, or professional interest.
Develop a Bibliography that includes the following:
Full citation: must include all elements required by APA.
Brief Summary: Summarize the main focus of the article or reference. Explain how this source relates to your discipline and workplace. Do not copy & paste the article summary. Please paraphrase.
Evaluation: Evaluate if this publication is credible, reliable, and unbiased or objective.
Analyze: Analyze the audience and purpose of this publication. (Who is the intended audience? What is the purpose of the publication?)
Reflect: Explain how this article or reference would benefit your job, organization, or employees. Include how this source fits into your research for class.