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Transcript of Red Fox
Species: V. vulpes
Red fox are small, active canids with a reddish-brown coat above, with white underparts except for a black tipped nose and lower legs. It also has a large, very noticeable, bushy tail that is white tipped. Red foxes are social animals, whose groups are led by a mated pair which breed. Subordinates within a group are typically the young of the mated pair, who remain with their parents to assist in caring for new kits. The average weight of red fox varies between nearly 3.5-7 kg. Total length is 90-103 cm.
green - native
blue - introduced
orange - presence uncertain
Distribution of the red fox
Red foxes are wide ranging animals, whose range covers nearly 70 million km2. They are distributed across the entire northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Central America, and Asia. They are absent in Iceland, the Arctic islands, some parts of Siberia, and in extreme deserts. Red foxes are not present in New Zealand and are classed as a "prohibited new organism" preventing them from being imported. Red Foxes where introduced to Australia where they have established themselves and are now apex predators where Dingo populations are small.
The red fox eats a wide variety of foods. It is an omnivore and its diet includes fruits, berries and grasses. It also eats birds and small mammals like squirrels, rabbits and mice. A large part of the red fox's diet is made up invertebrates like crickets, caterpillars, grasshoppers, beetles, crayfish, and fish. The red fox will continue to hunt even when it is full. It stores extra food under leaves, snow or dirt.
Red foxes reproduce once a year in spring. The mating period last for 3 weeks, during which the dog foxes (males) mate with the vixens for several days, often in burrows.
Outside the breeding season, most red foxes favour living in the open, in densely vegetated areas, though they may enter burrows to escape bad weather. Their burrows are often dug on hill or mountain slopes, ravines, bluffs, ditches, gutters, and neglected human environments. Red foxes prefer to dig their burrows on well drained soils. Dens built among tree roots can last for decades, while those dug on the steppes last only several years. They may permanently abandon their dens as a defense mechanism against the spread of disease.
The average litter size consists of four to six kits, though litters of up to 13 kits have occurred. Large litters are typical in areas where fox mortality is high. Kits are born blind, deaf, and toothless, with dark brown fluffy fur. At birth, they weigh 56–110g and measure 14.5 cm in body length. At birth, they are short-legged, large-headed and have broad chests. Mothers remain with the kits for 2–3 weeks, as they are unable thermoregulate (regulate body temperature). During this period, the fathers feed the mothers. Vixens are very protective of their kits. If the mother dies before the kits are independent, the father takes over as their provider.
The species has a long history of association with humans, having been extensively hunted as a pest and furbearer for centuries, as well as being prominently represented in human folklore and mythology. Because of its widespread distribution and large population, the red fox is one of the most important furbearing animals harvested for the fur trade.
Association with humans
Red Foxes in human culture
The idea behind the Poke'mon creature Ninetales is based off the idea of a Kitsune (A multi-tailed fox creature) a nine tailed. The Kitsune is said to be one of the oldest and wisest of all creatures.
Foxes in Pop-culture
Kitsune is a Japanese word meaning Fox. Foxes are a common subject of Japanese folklore. Stories depict them as intelligent beings and as possessing magical abilities that increase with their age and wisdom. They are usually depicted as tricksters and will often times fool their opponent to get what they desire.
Red Foxes are usually the subject of Anthropomorphic artwork, meaning they are given human like characteristics such as talking or being bipedal.
Vulpix, is another example of a Fox in the game series.
Associations for the Red Fox
is a website dedicated to the education and preservation of the Red Fox species.
Red Fox looks almost identical regardless of the gender difference. There are a few ways that you can tell a female from a male by comparing size in length and weight.
The fox is a remarkably resourceful creature, able to cope in a very wide range of different environmental conditions, from sub-tropical regions to icy tundra, the red fox is able to find food and keep warm. Foxes inhabit almost every habitat sea cliffs, sand dunes, salt marshes, peat bogs, high mountains, woodland areas under tree trunks, in hollow trees, and open country among other places, but they are being seen in urban areas more frequently. They are less common in extremely dense forests, preferring the boundary areas between woods and open land. Farmland is the favoured habitat, but they also thrive in urban parks and golf courses. In Ohio, and Delaware county specifically they are mainly found in Rural areas.
www.arkive.org › Species › Mammals
The Fox is not under threat due to the ability to cope well around humans. They are not considered to be endangered and are the most widespread and abundant wild canines in the world. Foxes are considered a pest by many farmers although it is difficult to judge their impact on the land, they do provide a service in keeping rabbit and rat numbers in check. The main population factors for foxes are deforestation, large predators, and hunting.
What does the Fox say?
Red fox tracks show four toes and claws. The foot of the red fox is covered with hair, so toes can be indistinct. Red foxes have a chevron-shaped callous pad on the heel pad of the foot. No other canine has this, which makes identification of the red fox track easier. There is usually a lot of space between the toes and the heel pad. Tracks commonly run in straight lines.
Leg hole traps can be used. They should be placed along well established rrails in order to increase odds. Live traps can also be used, but it's harder that way.