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Jean Piaget

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Julianne Gomez

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of Jean Piaget

Lev Vygotsky
Born in Russia in 1896
Only had 10-year career due to his early death from tuberculosis in 1934
Wrote more than 100 books and articles including "Thought and Language"
Considered one of the earliest critics of Piaget's theory
Stressed the relationship between the individual and the society
Key Concepts

View of Children's Development

Culture is essential to understanding development
Thinking patterns are products of social activities

Culture + Experiences = Cognitive Development

Educational Contributions of :

Vygostky's Theory
Private Speech
Guided Participation
Reciprocal Teaching
Peer Interactions
Jean Piaget
Born in Switzerland in 1896
Began to explore children's reasoning processes through his work helping develop the first intelligence test for children
Over 60 years of experience in child development research
Used the clinical interview method to conduct his research
Key Concepts in Piaget's Theory
Cognitive Stages
Sensorimotor Stage
Goal directed behavior
Object Permanence

An approach to learning purporting that children must construct their own understandings of the world in which they live.
information must be mentally acted on, manipulated, and transformed by learners in order to have meaning
Chapter 3: Cognitive Development: Piaget's and Vygotsky's Theories
Presented by: Liz Rechkemmer and Julianne Gomez
Constructivist Approach to
Cognitive Development
Preoperational Stage
Representational Thinking
Number Concepts
Intuitive Theories

Concrete Operational
Formal Operational
Ppropositional logic
Hypothetico-deductive thinking
Combinatorial reasoning
Social Origins of Thought
Knowledge is socially co-constructed between people as they interact
Children internalize functions that first occur on a social plane

Language & Development
Social Speech = Communication
Egocentric = Private Speech
Inner Speech = "in their heads"
How will your knowledge of Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories influence your classroom practices and instruction?
Tools for Thought
Technical Tools
Psychological Tools
Piaget's Theory
Focus on: -cognitive processes
-social interaction
Importance of play
Role of learning

Zone of Proximal Development
A child's
for intellectual growth was more important than their
level of development
The gap between what children can do on their own and what they can do with the assistance of others
Daniels, D. H. (2008). Cognitive development: Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories. In J. L. Meece (Author), Child and adolescent development for educators (3rd ed., pp. 126-184). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
V. (Director). (2011, May 3). Piaget's theory of cognitive development [Video file].
Piaget - Stage 3 - Concrete - Reversibility [Video file]. (2008, October 11).
Domizi, D. (Director). (2011, July 21). Roxanne-private speech [Video file].
Eddy, S. (2010, December 12). Evaluating and comparing two theories of cognitive development. Retrieved from http://psychohawks.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/evaluating-and-comparing-two-theories-of-cognitive-development/
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