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Limits of a Superpower, 1969-1980
Transcript of Limits of a Superpower, 1969-1980
The New Federalism
The Burger Court
October War and Oil Embargo
Resignation of President Nixon
On October 1973, Nixon appeared to be interfering with the Watergate investigation and House of Rep. started impeachment hearings. Nixon was also forced to turn over the tapes that revealed him speaking with someone about aiding them. The House of Judiciary voted on three articles of impeachment: obstruction of justice, abuse of power, contempt of Congress. Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974.
On October 6, 1973, the Syrians and Egyptians attacked Israel in an attempt to regain the land lost in the Six-Day War of 1967. In response, President Nixon ordered the U.S. nuclear forces and airlift of almost $2 billion dollars. The war went in favor of the Israelis and the war was over.
Nixon appointed Warren E. Burger as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court after Chief Justice Earl Warren resigned in 1969. The By the end of his presidency, Nixon was denied his claims to executive privilege by the court and was forced to turn in the Watergate tapes
When Richard Nixon entered the presidency, he promised to slowly withdraw U.S. soldiers from Vietnam. Nixon also said that the U.S. was still going to support South Vietnam in order for them to take full control of the war. Despite his efforts to reduce war in Vietnam, Nixon approved of secret bombings in North Vietnam without Congressional Authorization. In results to the bombings in North Vietnam, Nixon accidentally expanded the war.
Nixon proposed the Family Assistance Plan which replaced welfare and instead promised annual income for American workers. Although Democratic majority in Congress turned this proposal away, Nixon was successful in getting Congress' approval in giving local governments $30 billion in block grants for over five years.
Iran and the Hostage Crisis
On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students took more than 60 U.S. hostages. They wanted the U.S. to stop interfering with Iran's affairs and they wanted to bring attention to the anti-American revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Group of men hired by Nixon's reelection committee were caught breaking into the Democratic headquarters. Nixon tried to cover up the evidence that he wasn't also involved in the scandal, but recordings of a conversation of him and someone else relieved that Nixon was also took part in the illegal activities.