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Leisure in the Industrial Revolution

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Joanna Latek

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Leisure in the Industrial Revolution

Leisure in the Industrial Revolution
By: Shannon, Lexi and Joanna
Why Leisure Developed
Education for the Wealthy
Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution
Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution
- Wealthy people had a lot of time on their hands, so they were able to go out and participate in activities. Wealthy people did not work, and if they did they worked few hours.
-Some people decided to create new activities, such as new sports or subjects to study.
-people made new friends at their jobs, so they wanted to go out and socialize with their coworkers.
-Working middle class people worked in quiet and strict conditions in factories during the day.
-At night and on days off, these working people wanted to socialize and drink while listening to music.
-As a result, pubs appeared because they were cheap places for the lower class to gather and socialize.
-At pubs, people could gather, drink, socialize, listen to music, play games, and be loud.
-Mostly the urban poor went to pubs.
-Laws were passed that limited work day hours, so people had more hours of free time in the evening.
-Better transportation techniques, such as trains, allowed people to travel in order to enjoy sports games and socialize with others.
-Upper middle class and wealthy men dedicated themselves to self-improvement in their leisure hours.
-Men avidly read books on all subjects.
-They attended lectures on business or cultural themes.
-Wealthy men wanted to incorporate all subjects into their life in order to improve their social status and everyday life by becoming educated.
Children from rich families could afford to read books, and they did not work so they has time to learn how to read and write.
-Wealthy women did not work but had to take care of domestic chores and their family. They did not have much time to learn new subjects, but in their leisure time they would learn how to read and write.
The Industrial Revolution was a time period when society changed completely, and there were some positive aspects. One of them being the creation of new jobs and more jobs so less people were unemployed as well as improving the economy. Another positive is the creation of a middle class, the gap between the poor and the rich lessened as opportunities to make money became more popular. With the growth of the middle class, many demands were made and as a results many laws were created; such as mandatory schooling which is seen as a positive.
A big negative is an increase of environmental damage. The factories were powered by coal- the smoke from the factories greatly damaged the air and the environment. With the popularization of factories, child labor became increasingly abundant and working conditions were often hazardous and many people got sick and some even died. These were some of the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution.
Since the world of the Realists, Impressionists and Post-Impressionists is much like our own. Since the development of the industrial revolution, more and more people lived in cities and worked in factories or shops for wages. Scientific and technological advances increased dramatically during this period and standards of living increased sharply. In essence, modern mass culture was born. New artists such as Millais with his The Vale of Rest. Art was still influenced by religious themes, but many more realistic aspects of life were also included. This contrasts sharply with the medieval artworks that were only centered on religion and religious themes.
Physical Activities for the Rich
Long playing time-only rich had time to watch and play it; poor had to work
Many wealthy children had playrooms, or nurseries.
Golf, Tennis, and Horse Racing also became popular
-All the new sports popularized new clothing

Physical Activities for the Poor
-Football (Soccer)
Short playing time
Able to play it on a narrow street in the city
Started in England and quickly spread throughout the world
Spread around same time as football did
Considered a working-man’s game
Played on city streets, mostly football
played with other people that lived on their block or building

Education for the Poor
-Since workers, especially women and children, labored for many hours a day, there was little family contact.
-There was not much at-home education because there was no time and parents were not educated.
-The poor did not have enough money to pay for school supplies, such as books and writing utensils. They needed all extra money for necessary supplies and food.
-The poor did not have time for education because children worked long hours, and their extra time was used to eat and sleep.
-Throughout the Industrial Revolution, people began to see the damaging effects of long work hours and child labor.
-Reforms took place, and laws were passed that made it mandatory for children to receive an education.
-In England, education for children aged five to ten became mandatory by 1881.
- Governments established the legal requirement that education, not work for monetary gain, was the principal task of childhood.
-Men did not have time to read books or attend classes.
-Women worked long hours, and their free time was used to take care of their families and domestic chores.
Social Activities for the Rich
People worked long days so there was not much leisure time.
People worked long hours for little pay.
The poor and middle class did not have enough time or money to
have pastimes or hobbies.
The wealthy did have time and money to get an education and
have a few hobbies.
Religion was extremely important, and most people's free time
was spent in church.
Religion was very strict regarding morals, so people did not
participate in gambling or excessive drinking.
Social Activities for the Poor
In later part of Industrial Revolution
Inexpensive admission, so all could afford
Toys began to really emerge
Dolls and action figures
New transportation allowed performers and animals to be transported
People were interested in seeing new animals
-Music Halls
Both upper and working class enjoyed this
Became a center for the overcrowded urban population
Caused increase in accessibility of alcohol

In the study of art culture during the industrial revolution, there is very little differentiation between the poor and the rich. Changes in art can be traced through the themes featured in the art works. Before the industrial revolution, art was centered on religion, and fantastically staged art pieces that have been commissioned by the wealthy. However, as the industrial revolution grew, artistic themes centered around everyday lives and the activities that were popular in everyday lives.
The Third Class Carriage by Honore Daumier
-People worked long days so there was not much leisure time.
-People worked long hours for little pay.
-The poor and middle class did not have enough time or money to
have pastimes or hobbies.
-The wealthy did have time and money to get an education and
have a few hobbies.
-Religion was extremely important, and most people's free time
was spent in church.
-Religion was very strict regarding morals, so people did not
participate in gambling or excessive drinking.
-There were festivals on days off.
-Leisure activities were governed by the seasons.
-Activities were based on agriculture instead of industry.
Before the Industrial Revolution
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