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5 Contribution of the Powers
Transcript of 5 Contribution of the Powers
The Kaiser had encouraged Austro-Hungary to take the opportunity to attack Serbia in the July 5 Blank Cheque.
Germany had been predicting a new Balkan war, but not the spread of it across Europe.
They thought that Russia would not get involved in the conflict once they saw Austria-Hungary united with Germany.
However, after the conciliatory response of Serbia to the ultimatum, the Kaiser declared the Serbs had removed the motive of the war.
Russia's foreign minister saw an European war in the ultimatum to Serbia.
Sergei Sazonov was determined to take a firm stand as the German's had seen weakness in Russia previously.
The Tsar was in favor of partial mobilization but the generals ordered general mobilization.
Russia's contribution was
They didn't try to restrain Serb nationalism.
They supported Serbia, which deepened the conflict
Mobilized and triggered a general European war.
The government was hesitant about getting involved in the war and didn't want to provoke a general war.
Its ally Russia mobilized without consulting them, and then Germany declared war on them on August 3.
France didn't decide to go to war, they were swept into it.
France's responsibility was that they gave Russia assurances of support before the July Crisis.
Was divided over whether to fight Germany or not.
Britain and its Foreign Secretary have been criticized about their ambiguous position in the July Crisis.
Some historians think that Britain should have made clear to Germany that they would support France. This might have stopped the Germans from attacking France.
The violation of neutrality of Belgium led to popular demands for war and gave a reason based on the treaty of 1839.
Their responsibility was not making clear their position during the July Crisis.
Motives why Germany was risking drawing the powers into general War
It had to support its ally, Austria-Hungary.
It had to prevent itself and Austria-Hungary being crushed by the entente powers.
Russia's military modernizations were increasing the country's potential for mobilization, and this could undermine the Schlieffen Plan.
German generals like von Moltke believed that it was a favorable time for Germany to go to war with its enemies.
The war would provide good distraction and unifying effect to overcome rising domestic problems in Germany.
War could improve the popularity of the Kaiser.
Germany's responsibility for the beginning of war
Urging Austria-Hungary on with the BLANK CHEQUE
Declaring war on Russia on August 1
Violating Belgian neutrality
Bringing Britain into the conflict
Austria-Hungary was determined to respond to the Sarajevo incident.
It was an opportunity to eliminate Serbia as a political factor in the Balkans.
The contribution to the outbreak was:
Exaggerated the potential threat of Serbia
Delayed responding to the assassination
Declared war on Serbia on July 28, only five days after the delivery of the ultimatum
Refused to Halt its military actions even though negotiations with Russia were scheduled for July 30.