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Migration: North America

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Terry Ramirez

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Migration: North America

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Table of Contents
Case Studies
United States
St. Lucia
Internal Migration: USA
International Voluntary: Mexico
Mexico is undergoing certain issues that affect the people to want to leave the country
for better environment. This includes: pollution, crime and corruption, drug trafficking, and poverty. Poor environments lead the people in Mexico to decide to migrate to other countries. For example, Juarez is a city known with a lot of assembly plants. These plants harm the air for more than 1.4 million people. Dangerous actions made by the people can also impact decision of people leaving the country. Traffickers and the Mexican government are constantly at war with each other. Each drug deal made per year can rise up to $25 Billion. People within the nation are harmed by traffickers if they have any sort of communication with the police.

In Mexico, Population has started declining because of these issues..Since the year 2012, the U.S. involved in preventing these illegal acts. The Border isn't
just made to stop illegal immigration, in fact in 2012 Obama has 1,200 national guards and increased funds on the border.

Push Factors:
-Harsh environments
-Drug Trafficking

Pull Factors:
-Safer Environments
-Away from drugs

International Voluntary: St. Lucia
World Geography: Understanding a Changing World, s.v. "Mexico: Country Overview," accessed October 4, 2013. http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/.
"Mexico: Contemporary Issues." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 6 Oct. 2013.
World Geography: Understanding a Changing World, s.v. "St. Lucia: Contemporary Issues," accessed October 3, 2013. http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/.
"___ History of Cuba." History of Cuba. Nations Online Project, 1998-2013. Web. 05 Oct. 2013.
" An Information Service of the Cuba Transition Project Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies University of Miami." Focus on Cuba. Hans De Salas Del Valle, 9 Oct. 2009. Web. 05 Oct. 2013.
Finn, Johnny. "St. Lucia: People." In World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2000-. Accessed October 6, 2013. http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/.
World Geography: Understanding a Changing World, s.v. "Canada: Contemporary Issues," accessed October 6, 2013. http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/.
Warner, Judith. "alternatives to the war on drugs." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 6 Oct. 2013.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Immigration in the 1920s" Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc. 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 7 Oct. 2013
"Immigration in the early 1900s," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2000). Web. 7 Oct. 2013
"Immigration, Poverty and Low-Wage Earners: The Harmful Effects of Unskilled Immigrants on American Workers." Home | Federation for American Immigration Reform. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://www.fairus.org/publications/immigration-poverty-and-low-wage-earners-the-harmful-effects-of-unskilled-immigrants-on-american-wor>.
JOHN M. MacDONALD, and ROBERT J. SAMPSON. "Don’t Shut the Golden Door - NYTimes.com ." The New York Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://mobile.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html?redir_esc=&client=ms-android-tmobile-us&source=android-browser-goto&v=133247963,133247963&qsubts=1381113349704&q=effects%20of%20immigration%20on%20america&>.
"Why People Move to America - Jobs in the USA." Steps to Take as a Foreigner Before you can Get a Job in the USA - Jobs in the USA. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://www.usa-job.org/why-people-move-to-america.php>.
"Who Moves? Who Stays Put? Where’s Home? | Pew Social & Demographic Trends." Pew Social & Demographic Trends - Public Opinion Polling, Survey Research, & Demographic Data Analysis. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2008/12/17/who-moves-who-stays-put-wheres-home/>.
"Migration in America - Forbes." Information for the World's Business Leaders - Forbes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/jonbruner/2011/11/16/migration-in-america/>.
"US Population Tops 315M In January 2013 As Americans Get Older, More Diverse." International Business Times - International Business News, Financial News, Market News, Politics, Forex, Commodities. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://m.ibtimes.com/us-population-tops-315m-january-2013-americans-get-older-more-diverse-1008150>
"U.S. Population 2013: More Than 315 Million People - Robert Schlesinger (usnews.com)." US News & World Report | News & Rankings | Best Colleges, Best Hospitals, and more. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2013. <http://mobile.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/robert-schlesinger/2012/12/28/us-population-2013-more-than-315-million-people>.
Migration: North and Latin America
What Happened?:
In the 1990s, St. Lucia, a small country in the Caribbeans known for its large banana production, was facing great economic troubles starting when the European Union (EU) limited their trade for banana produce, despite the EU favoring Caribbean bananas. The farmers of St. Lucia were unable to compete, thus forcing them to seek new jobs elsewhere. Although St. Lucia is trying to grow other produce to support their country, making foreign investments, and profiting from tourism, the unemployment rate is still greater than 15%.
As a result of their declining economy, many people started to move out of St. Lucia, especially the educated. Most of the people either immigrated to other Caribbean islands, the United Kingdom, the United States, or Canada. From the 1990s, the country had around 10,000 farmers, however, only 1,800 remain today. Some even decided to move to their capital, Castries (where about one third of the population lives now), in order to find jobs. At least 4 out of 1000 people emigrated to seek more opportunities. The large amount of people emigrating hinders any economic growth as most of the educated people are leaving. Nevertheless, those who have emigrated have been sending remittance back to St. Lucia.
Effects of Migration:
St. Lucia:
Difficult to rebuild the economy, remittance
Very pleased with immigration, especially since Canada is having population issues due to long life expectancy and the low birth rate they are having in the country. In 2002, Canada's Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) was created in order to speed up the application process for immigrants. This act is also used to attract the well-educated immigrants especially those who speak English and/or French. Since main languages of the people of St. Lucia are English and Kwéyòl, a Creole that consist a mixture of French, some African-dialect, and a bit of English, this can be a win-win situation where Canada receives more immigrants in their country and the St. Lucians (especially the educated) can find a job.
Push Factors
Declining economy, failure to find jobs, low wages
Pull Factors

More job opportunities

Forced Migration: Cuba
In the 1990’s the soviet economic subsidies ended, causing a major economic crisis. The living conditions of the population made a drastic decrease due increase in budget deficit forcing many Cubans migrated to the United States especially during the Balsero Crisis (exodus during 1994). The migration of Cubans was not only influenced on it poor economic state, but also to escape from their dictator Castro who would take away their private property with no compensation, control the media and execute those who would retaliate against him.
Effect: Castro's
The U.S spends millions of dollars on public expenditures each year and gave an estimate of 50,000 Cubans legal permanent residency in 2008. This has raised competition for U.S. citizens for jobs, benefits and federal/state entitlements. As for the effect of migration on Cuba, the Cuban government can takes its social and economic costs of Castro Regime’s policies to U.S taxpayers through unwanted Cubans.
Push Factor
Poor economy
Unstable government
Pull Factor:
Better standard of living
More Freedom
Jobs and Education
America was created by immigrants coming from the eastern hemisphere of the earth today there's a population of 315,091,138 American's in America. With over 1 million immigrants immigrating to the US every year.
Internal migration: 37.5 million people moved from one house to another in 2010 with 4.3 million of them moving between states. Many migrants flock to L:as Vegas for cheap luxurious housing in 2005 then left in 2009 as the city's economy collapsed. Miami calls to many retirees but has little for young workers
Pull factors for moving within America are economic opportunities, education, employment,family
Pull factors for moving to America are employment, money, dreams, new start, medical treatment, freedom, protection, political asylum,
Push factors for moving to America are poverty, high price of living, job relocation, poor way of living, bad education system
External migration: After the depression of the 1890's immigration to the U.S. jumped from 3.5 million to 9 million after 1914 immigration dropped because of a war and immigration restrictions in the 1920's between 1880 and 1920 more the 25 million foreigners arrived in the U.S. comprising of mostly southern and eastern europeans In 1995 850,000 mexicans illegally to the U.S and were caught and deported
The harmful effects of immigration on America:
A surplus of low skilled workers
Increase of job competition
Decrease of wages and job conditions
Benefits of immigration on America:
Enrichment of culture
Economic revitalization and reductions
Benefit the economy by working for low wages
The negative impacts of emigration on the origin country:
loss of workers and inhabitants
lots of single people
lots of old and young people left behind
Positive impacts on emigration on the origin country:
money is put into the country
more jobs available
more land available
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