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Transcript of Ibn Battuta
He travelled to North Africa, Iraq, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula, Somalia, and Swahili Coast in 1325 -1332.
He travelled to North Africa, Spain and West Africa in 1349 -1354
He travelled to Black Sea Area, Central Asia, India, South East Asia and China in 1332 -1346
Chronology of Life and Travels
In 1304 on 24th of February Ibn Battuta was born. He grew up in Tangier, Morocco.
1325, when he was 21 years old Ibn Battuta left Tangier and travelled for approximately 30 years until he returned to Fez, Morocco.
Ibn Battuta was a significant explorer because he traveled at least 120,000 km. This is through to be more than anyone else before the invention of steam engines. Ibn Battuta is the only medieval traveler who is known to have visited the lands of every Muslim ruler of his time.
In 1369 he died from Black Death while he was travelling. Black Death, or Black Plague, was the most devastating pandemic in human history.
Comparative study of Columbus and Battuta
Ibn Battuta entered India through the high mountains of Afghanistan, following the footsteps of Turkish warriors who, a century earlier, had conquered the Hindu farming people of India and established the Sultanate of Delhi. That first wave of Muslim soldiers looted towns and smashed the images of the gods of the Hindu worshipers. But later warrior kings set up a system to tax, rather than slaughter the peasants. Muhammad Tughluq returned in June. Ibn Battuta and the other newcomers went to greet the ruler with their gifts. On a gold-plated throne sat a tall, healthy, white-skinned man. "I approached the sultan, who took my hand and shook it, and continuing to hold it addressed me most kindly, saying in Persian,... 'Your arrival is a blessing; be at ease; I shall... give you such favors that your fellow-countrymen will hear of it and come to join you.' ... Every time he said any encouraging word to me I kissed his hand, until I had kissed it seven times, and after he had give me a robe of honor, I withdrewThe next day the Sultan paraded into the city of Delhi. On some elephants were catapults that threw out gold and silver coins to the crowd of on-lookers. And so Ibn Battuta began working as a judge. Because he didn't speak Persian well, he was given two assistants. The Sultan told him that "they would be guided by your advice, and you shall be the one who signs all the documents." He also had plenty of time to join the Sultan and high officials on elaborate hunting expeditions which required elephants, tents, and a huge number of servants to carry all that was needed. Such extravagance and high living pushed Ibn Battuta into debt eventually, but the generous Sultan gave him more to pay his debts. He even gave Ibn Battuta another job: to take care of the Qutb al-Din Mubarak mausoleum. Of course Ibn Battuta asked for more money to take care of the tomb, not to mention money to repair his own home. The money was given.
Timeline of Ibn Battuta
1304 Ibn Battuta is born in Tangier, North Africa
1320 Tughluq dynasty founded by Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq in Delhi, India.
1324 Emperor of Mali, Mansa Musa, goes on a 3,500-mile pilgrimage to Mecca.
1324 The Venetian world traveler Marco Polo dies.
1325-26 Ibn Battuta travels from Tangiers to Egypt, Syria and Arabia
1327 Ibn Battuta travels through Persia.
1330s The Black Death (bubonic plague) originates in Asia, spreading along
trade routes through Asia, Europe and North Africa. Millions die
1331 Ibn Battuta travels Africa’s east coast.
1333 Ibn Battuta visits Anatolia.
1334 Ibn Battuta is appointed qadi, or judge, of Delhi by Sultan Muhammad
1336 Hindu rebellion against Muslim rule in India leads Harihara I to found
Hindu kingdom Vijayanagar.
1340 Rebellions in Yuan, China, result in foundation of Ming Dynasty in 1368.
1345-46 Ibn Battuta visits Southeast Asia and China.
1349 Travels in North Africa, Spain and western Africa
1350 Swahili kingdoms of eastern Africa rise to prominence as major trade
and cultural centers.
1350 Ibn Battuta travels to Al-Andalus (Spain) and through Morocco.
1351-3 Ibn Battuta travels through the Sahara Desert and moves on to Mali.
1368/69 Ibn Battuta dies; he is believed to be buried in Tangier.
Itinerary of Ibn Battuta from
1325 - 1354
collage on islamic art and architecture
the land of hospitality
Persia (known as iran) is the starting point to some of the oldest civilisations in world history .the first empire formed in the region was Elamite kingdom -which dates back to 2800 BCE!
Persia is famous for a wide variety of foods ranging from chelow kabab, Tah-chin, loobia polo, albaloo polo, sabzi polo, zereshk polo, baghali polo .
The province of Fars, the homeland of the Persians has a varied climate. It is not desert but it is not very green either. The land is more suited for herding than for farming. The northern parts of Iran is and has almost always been composed of forests and grasslands, especially near the Caspian coast.
Two and a half millennia of inspiring literature, thousands of poets and writers, magnificent and impressive architecture, live customs dating back to Zoroastrians over 3000 years ago, and other unique characteristics of the nation are rivaled by only a few countries.
dear mother ,
i am visiting the great golestan palace in persia ,it is a very big and beautiful place as you can see in the pictues above .it took over 7 hours to reach here but it was an amazing trip. we saw the ruins and the different buliding on our way here . i will be spending the night since the trip is going to be very long. in the palace there is a dimond corner. the palace has a dining area and it is marvelous. there is a fountain and it is in the inner part of the palace. so far i have travlled to many places but i hope to go further.
golestan palace -persia
1451 - 1506
1304 - 1377
born in genoa
born in tangier
occupation: islamic scholar, jurist, judge, explorer, geographer.
occupation: maritime explore
religion: romen catholic
religion : islam
Traveled for religious reasons, to learn and for
enjoyment; estimated distance of 75,000 miles,
traveled the world for the king of Spain. He wanted to find more land, spices, special rocks and other resources. He also enjoyed it.
done by :serena zaidi