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The History of Hip-Hop

A Mini Series Presented by Wes Jackson

Pamela Bishop

on 6 April 2012

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Transcript of The History of Hip-Hop

THE MUSIC THAT INSPIRED A GENERATION “Even if you didn’t grow up in the Bronx in the ’70s, Hip-Hop is there for you. It has become a powerful force. Hip-Hop binds all of these people, all of these nationalities, all over the world together.”
NEWEST GENERATION 1970's "Peace & Love"
Sugarhill, Cold Crush, Bambaataa 1990's "Afrocentricity/National Stage/Hyper Capitalism"
NWA, Bad Boy, Death Row, Mos Def, Kweli 2000's "Larger Bandwidth/Integration/Digital Era"
Eminem, Ludacris, Kanye West, 50 Cent 1980's "Artist No Longer As Entertainer"
Run DMC, KRS-ONE, Rakim, Public Enemy Hip-Hop took center stage (Fashion, Politics, Sports, Technology, etc.) and became the zeitgeist of a generation after Afrika Bambaataa introduced “Planet Rock” to mainstream culture in the late 1980s.

During the new millennium, bigger artists went from producing hits to representing trends to becoming brands in- of-themselves. Hip-Hop emerges as a reaction to benign neglect policies and rampant gang violence in the South Bronx. The solo MC emerges as Hip-Hop becomes the griot, town crier and activist of the inner city. Clinton era prosperity ushers in a new sense of self empowerment, wealth and over-the-top opulence. The Hip-Hop nation comes of age. New stars emerge utilizing the global, digital community. To truly understand where it's going we must understand where it came from... THE QUESTION? Greg Polvere
Global Talent HQ, LLC
THE 4 ELEMENTS OF HIP-HOP MC DJ GRAFFITI B-BOY (BREAK DANCING) Turntablism refers to the extended boundaries and techniques of normal DJing innovated by Hip-Hop. One of the few first Hip-Hop DJs was DJ Kool Herc, who created Hip-Hop through the isolation of "breaks" (the parts of albums that focused solely on the beat).

Traditionally, a DJ will use two turntables simultaneously. These are connected to a DJ mixer, an amplifier, speakers and various other pieces of electronic music equipment.
In America around the late 1960s, graffiti was used as a form of expression by political activists, and also by gangs such as the Savage Skulls, La Familia, and Savage Nomads to mark territory.

Around 1970–71, the center of graffiti innovation moved to New York City where writers following in the wake of TAKI 183 and Tracy 168 would add their street number to their nickname, "bomb" a train with their work, and let the subway take it—and their fame, if it was impressive, or simply pervasive, enough—"all city". Breaking, also called B-boying or breakdancing, is a dynamic style of dance which developed as part of the Hip-Hop culture.

Breaking began to take form in the South Bronx alongside the other elements of Hip-Hop. The "B" in B-boy stands for break, as in break-boy (or girl).

The term "B-Boy" originated from the dancers at DJ Kool Herc's parties, who saved their best dance moves for the break section of the song, getting in front of the audience to dance in a distinctive, frenetic style. THE HISTORY OF HIP-HOP President of Brooklyn Bodega and Executive Director of The Brooklyn Hip-Hop Festival Under Wes’ leadership, The Brooklyn Hip-Hop Festival is in its 7th year and has grown into the east coast’s #1 Hip-Hop event that attracts 20,000+ annually. Wes has over 20 years experience as an entrepreneur and innovator in the music business. Wes also serves as a lecturer at the City University of New York (CUNY) and has consulted for Jazz at Lincoln Center and VH1 Hip-Hop Honors. WES JACKSON WHAT IS THE POINT? Some of the more significant gangs were The Black Spades, Seven Immortals, The Mongols and The Ghetto Brothers. All of this happened around the same time DJ Kool Herc was organizing the 1st Hip-Hop parties with his sister Cindy and his MC, Coke La Rock. The first MC, the Entertainer
Cerebral/Political MC
Sex symbol MC
Swagger/Trap Rapper
Singing rappers Turntablists
Party DJs
Radio DJs
Performing DJs Donald Joseph White, "DONDI" was born in East New York and was the first artist to have a one-man show in the Netherlands and Germany

Fernando Carlo, "Cope2" is a famous artist from the South Bronx where he has been writing graffiti since 1978-79, and has gained international credit for his work.  The dotcom era introduces unprecedented amounts of money to the game. With Hammer and Vanilla Ice, Hip-Hop becomes big business. Adds a middle class sensibility to the game as well as incredible opulence. The door that the 90s kicked open is still there. The entrepenurial spirit is in every MC. Hip-Hop embraces the technology of mp3, Serato and more.
Hip-Hop is an adult, now 30-40 years old. The 1st Hip-Hop artists are now parents and our kids are performing. Literally and figuratively. Master P to Romeo, Baby to Lil Wayne/Drake, Will Smith to Willow, Run – Diggy Simmons

The digital nature of our society have broken down geographical barriers.
We all live on the internet. CULTURAL PROGRAMMER ENTREPRENUER EDUCATOR Hip-Hop began as a response to the benign neglect policy of New York City and the work of city planner Robert Moses. Buildings were abandoned and burned. Federal, state and city money was absent. Gangs ran wild. The South Bronx was compared to a war zone and left to burn. Things hit the tipping point when Black Benjy of the Ghetto Bros was killed in a rumble between warring games.
Gang violence caused the leader of The Black Spades –  Afrika Bambaatta to reorganize the gang into The Universal Zulu Nation. Money begins to creep in
Artist emerges as the voice of the people
The DJ falls to the back. The last uber important DJ is Jam Master Jay. But he is eclipsed by Run and DMC
The MC as counter culture hero is born through Run 2010's "The Birth of Hip-Hop's Second Generation"
Drake, Lil Wayne, Odd Future, Diggy Simmons Hip-Hop is the most powerful creative force in America, influencing everything from politics to fashion to technology. THE ORIGINS OF HIP-HOP Wes Jackson
Brooklyn Bodega
www.wesjack.com CONTACT INFO Jimmy Spicer “Super Rhymes” King Tim III 2Pac Fresh Prince and Jazzy Jeff Master P Jay-Z 50 Cent Over the course of 50 years Moses built highways, expressways, parkways, beaches, stadiums and parks that indelibly transformed New York.   Lil Wayne & Drake Tyler The Creator (Odd Future) BOOKING INQUIRIES Pamela Bishop
Brooklyn Bodega
www.brooklynbodega.com GENERAL INQUIRIES
Magnified by the use of social media, the reinvented Hip-Hop artist can be the impetus the newest generation needs to affect positive social change.

The question is, will they? What lies ahead? MCing (also known as rapping or just rhyming) refers to "spoken or chanted rhyming lyrics with a strong rhythmic accompaniment."

Rapping is distinct from spoken word poetry in that is it performed in time to the beat of the music. The use of the word "rap" to describe quick and slangy speech or repartee long predates the musical form. THE DECADES OF HIP-HOP WES JACKSON

138 Willoughby – Brooklyn, NY 11201
www.bkhiphopfestival.com Presented by Richard Nixon & Daniel Patrick Moynihan President Gerald Ford The Bronx BEFORE The Cross Bronx Expressway The Bronx AFTER The Cross Bronx Expressway Afrika Bambaata DJ Kool Herc Black Benjy Yellow Benjy MC Coke La Rock Cindy Campbell KRS-ONE LL Cool J Rick Ross Drake Rakim The Cold Crush Brothers Big Boy Funkmaster Flex Grand Master Roc Raida A-Trak The Rock Steady Crew DONDI COPE2 The Soul Sonic Force The Sugar Hill Gang Kurtis Blow Public Enemy Ice-T RUN DMC (and Jam Master Jay) Grand Master Flash
The Furious Five Lauryn Hill Vanilla Ice The Notorious B.I.G. & Diddy Kanye West Ludacris Eminem Baby "Birdman" Diggy Simmons Willow Smith Romeo Robert Moses
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