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Copy of Arthur Miller's The Crucible Logical Fallacys

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Joel Alvarado

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Arthur Miller's The Crucible Logical Fallacys

Slippery Slope
A conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually B,C...Y,Z will happen too. (Basically equating A and Z.
Ad Hominem
Its an attack on the character of a person rather than his or her opinions or arguments.
Red Herring
a diversionary tactic that avoids the key issues often by avoiding opposing arguments rather than addressing them.
Ad Populum
An emotional appeal that speaks to the and or concepts rather than the real issue.
*May fall into bandwagon
*Appeal to popularity.
Post Hoc: Ergo Propter Hoc
This conclusion assumes that if "A" occurred after "B" then "B" must have caused "A"
Arthur Miller's The Crucible Logical Fallacies.
Silvia Arevalo, Joel Alvarado
Universal example
This video is an example of slippery slope because the guy made on simple
decision, changing his train ticket, which led him to become someone in life.
Example in the crucible.
"Elizabeth: She speak of Abigail, and I thought she were a saint, to hear her. Abigail brings the other girls into court, and where she walks the crowd will part like the sea for Israel. And folks are brought before them, and if they scream or howl and fall to the floor- the persons clapped in the jail for bewitchin' them"
This is an example of slippery slope because the town's folks were put in jail or hanged just because of the way abigail and the other girls acted.
Universal example
This is an universal example because the lobster is attacking the shrimps physical appearance instead of the argument
Examples in The Crucible
"Danforth: you are in all respects a gospel christian?
Proctor: I am, sir
Parris: such a christians that will not come to church but once a month...
Cheever: He plows on Sunday, sir."
This is an example of Ad Hominem because Cheever attacks Proctor on what he does instead of the argument.
Universal Example
This is an example of Red Herring because he kills himself to avoid getting divorced.
Example in The Crucible
"Abigail: Gah! i'd almost forgot how strong, you are John proctor!
Proctor: What's this mischief here?"
Act 2, pg. 1163
Act 1, pg. 1139
Act 3, pg. 1192
This shows Red Herring because proctor ignores what abigail says, and brings up something else to avoid the problem.
Universal Examples
This is an example of ad populum because people are buying that product because everyone uses it.
Example in The Crucible
"Abigail: (looking about in the air, clasping her arms about her as though cold): I -- I know not. A wind, a cold wind, has come. (Her eyes fall on Marry Warren.)
Mary Warren: (terrified, pleading): Abby!
Mercy Lewis: (shivering): Your Honor, I freeze!...
Susanna Walcott: I freeze, I freeze!
Danforth: (himself engaged and entered by Abigail): Mary Warren, do you witch her? I say to you, do you send your spirit out?“

Act 3, pg. 1205
This is where the people accuse Mary warren of sending her spirit out and “witch” these girls by making them cold and feel like they’re affected by spirits. The girls go along with they way Abigail starts acting.
Universal Example
this is an example of post hoc because the person got sick after eating the bread, so the bread was what got him sick
Example in The Crucible
"Giles:last night-mark this- I tried and tried and could not say my prayers.And then she close her book and walks out of the house, and suddenly -mark this-I could pray again"
This is the example of post hoc because Giles Corey says he couldnt pray when she was there so shes the reason why he couldnt pray
Act 1, pg. 1151
Hasty Generalization
A conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence (Rushing to a conclusion)
Universal Example
This is an example of Hasty Generalization because we think they're fighting when actually those are their face expression of news that the girl is pregnant
Examples in The crucible
"He was a widower with no interest in children, or talent with them. He regarded them as young adults, and until this strange crisis he, like the rest of salem, never conceived that the children were anything but but thankful for being permitted to walk straight, eyes slightly lowered, arms at the sides, and mouths shut until bidden to speak."
Act 1, pg. 1126
Parris assumed that all the children were the same
Full transcript