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Life after death
Transcript of Life after death
of Catholic and Egyptian beliefs KAY PACHA HANAN PACHA UKU PACHA MAYAS "Heaven" "Earth" "Underworld" Similarities to Egyptian beliefs
Mummification (Mallkis) for preservation of the body
Burial of servants & wives in deaths of monarchs 1) The dead went to the Underground World, or “Xibalbá” for preparation.
2) They would all ascend to Heaven for eternity
3) Warriors and women dead during labour would transition directly into Heaven because of their courage and bravery. AZTECS A man can only live one life, no afterlife.
Immortality = Fame
Flower Wars (guerras floridas) to trap prisoners for sacrifice. "Jesus said, ‘I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies.’"
John 11:25-26 Christianity Some areas of a specific religion match the European empire/country that settled colonies in the USA, and therefore have similar beliefs "But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death."
Technically, "the unbelieving" include believers in any other diety that is not Christianity... So, is the Bible condemning them as well, even if they are not "murderers, sexually immoral, liars", etc? Resurrection of Jesus made eternal life possible for humans
Eternal life begins with spiritual new birth (baptism, or a point of conscious trust in Christ)
Death: just a passage to the eternal soul, does not end life.
Those who have eternal life will also be physically resurrected, just as Jesus was. What about Judaism? Protestant beliefs The role of Jesus Christ is the all-important distinction between Christianity and Judaism, but they both share similar beliefs in afterlife. Mindblowing... Main European Jewish settlements & cultural centres Spread of Protestantism since 1517 Lutheranism
Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Iceland
Salvation in afterlife is independent of one’s merit and worthiness
Slogan: "Salvation by faith alone"
No concept of Purgatory Calvinism - Presbyterianism
Scotland, England, France, Netherlands, part of Germany
Salvation is predestined
Only the chosen few will bring themselves closer to God. Anglicanism
Bleak view of the afterlife
Human nature: slavery to sin, bondage to the devil
Jesus took on the punishment that each person deserves for his or her sin by being crucified, as an act of love. Greek mythology ANCIENT GREECE MIDDLE EAST Territory influenced by Muslim faith Religion: Islam Righteous: visions of God, Muhammad and Heaven (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Death: complete end of physical life, beginning of a period of rest until the day of resurrection and judgement by Allah (God) Muslims
believe that the dead are able to see visions of their future Wicked: visions of hell The soul remains asleep until Judgment Day. Non-Muslims can attain heaven after a period of purification in the Purgatory The ferryman Charon, who takes the dead across the River Styx He must be paid with a coin for the journey to the Underworld Which is why corpses were buried with a coin in their mouths And then a piece of honeycake must be fed to the guard dog Cereberus Underworld - Hades Pleasure for the good... Elysian Fields Punishment for the bad... Some religions were transferred to USA during the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century Former British colonies, therefore adopted Protestantism E.g.: Lutheranism Mexican border: wide spread of Catholicism due to immigrants, in states such as: California, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico NORTH AMERICA Mormonism & Latter-Day Saints USA: a Plurinational & Multi-ethnic state Second Stage Mormons believe that the final judgement comes in stages Immediately after death
The spirit is assigned either to paradise or to spirit prison.
Both groups suffer because of the separation from their physical bodies. First Stage, similar to Catholic belief After Christ's resurrection, souls are judged and sent to three different Kingdoms Celestial Kingdom Souls live in the presence of God the Father and Jesus Christ as a reward Terrestrial Kingdom Souls live only in the presence of Jesus Christ Telestial Kingdom Souls are denied the presence of God and Jesus Christ as punishment Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, Agnosticism, Atheism, Deism, Humanism, Baha'i Faith, Neopaganism, Mormonism, Druid, Wicca, Unitarian Universalism, Taoism And lots more... The concept of the soul:
KA: the spirit, created at birth and separated from the body with death
BA: the personality of the soul
AKH: the intellect of the soul Organ storage Minor gods: The sons of Horus Imsety, guard of the liver Hapy, guard of the lungs Duamutef, guard of the stomach Gebehsenuef, guard of the intestines Egyptians considered the brain to be worthless and it was therefore removed with a hook through the nose of the dead, in tiny little pieces. Yummy! Over 100 talismans were wrapped together with the mummy, which blessed protected him/her. Flowers, even pets were sometimes mummified with the deceased owner. An onion was placed in the hands of the mummy as a symbol of good health. It was of extreme importance to preserve the body so that the KA could find its body again in the afterlife. Thus, mummification. Judgement of the dead The dead He weighs the heart of the deceased on one side and the feather of Maat (goddess of truth and justice) on the other. There are 42 sins: the heart weighed more with each sin the person had committed If the heart weighed more than the feather, the monster Ammut would eat it and turn the dead into an evil spirit that would be an enemy of the Gods forever In this case, the heart weighed less than the feather. Then, the dead could pass on to the paradise of Yalu, in the company of the god Osiris. Osiris, god
of the dead Isis, goddess of
magic Pyramids: protection further The funeral takes place seventy days after the death of the Pharaoh. This is how long it takes to mummify a person. A long procession of servants, priests and the Pharaoh's wife surround the sarcophagus where the Pharaoh lies. They grieve and chant while they walk towards the pyramid. The oldest pyramid: 2630 BC.
These were filled with treasures for the Pharaohs to enjoy in afterlife.
However, most of them were easily robbed. Secret, underground tombs were then designed, e.g. for King Tutankhamen. Once inside the tomb, priests prayed for the welfare of the Pharaoh, and touched his eyes, mouth and ears so that he could see, speak and hear in the afterlife. A great funeral feast is held inside the tomb. The Pharaoh's body is left untouched, for the KA to find its way back to it and begin the journey to the Land of the Dead Ex-colonies in Australia that brought Christian influences Anglicanism Catholicism Lutheranism Calvinism & Presbyterianism Congregations of:
Methodist Church of Australasia
Presbyterian Church of Australia Protestant Union Anubis, god of the mummies Truth or Myth...? THE END! Thanks for watching