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British Imperialism in Africa
Transcript of British Imperialism in Africa
"I state openly that superior races have rights over inferior races… Superior races have this right because they have a duty. They have a duty to civilize inferior races… " Is Imperialism Beneficial?: A British Point of View Imperialism was very helpful to the British because it allowed them to extend their area of trade, it gave them more land, and, as a certain group of people believed, they were giving civilization to a nation of "uncivilized" people. In the words of Cecil Rhodes "I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race...". They were also able to spread Christianity throughout Africa by enlisting the help of missionaries. Without doubt, imperialism in Africa was very good for English interests. How Did Imperialism in Africa Help The British Economy? Images Here are some pictures of the natural resources of Africa The British economy was greatly helped by the vast supply of natural resources in Africa. Many people within and outside of Europe took advantage of the land and resources that Africa had to offer. Cocoa Coal Natural Gas What Effect Does Imperialism Have on Africa's Economy? The British imperialism really helped Africa in some ways because the British helped bring Africa into the modern era by giving them such things as telegraphs, roads, canals, and railways. They also received knowledge of new farming and sanitation techniques from the British, which allowed them to grow more food than before. These advances also helped them to increase their life expectancy because of better food and living standards. Thought these changes have certainly benefited Africa, the British exploited both the natural resources and the innocent people of Africa, and in some cases made it harder to use their own land and resources because it was being divided among other people who were also chasing after Africa's many resources. What Effect Does British Culture and Language Have On Africa? Because of British imperialism, the English language is now more dominant in the region than it would have been otherwise. Also, many people in South Africa still have British accents that have been passed from generation to generation. It should be noted as well that the British were also responsible for a change in the education system by changing the language through which the information was delivered and also setting up their own schools in the region. How Did the British Influence Politics and Relations Between Different Parts of Africa? The British had given Africa a fair share of technological advances such as the telegraph and trains, but the British were also responsible for a lot of discord and hostility between different parts of Africa. As an example, in any given region, one part of the are would be treated better than the other part of the same area, which lead to the painfully obvious problem of inequality. For example, in Uganda, the northern half of the country was given more military and law enforcement positions, while the southern half had better education. This polarity created tension and made it easier for the British to keep Africa wrapped around their thumb. How Did the Presence of the British Affect Religion In Africa? Endeavoring to change the state of African religion and spirituality, the British brought along missionaries with them during their attempt to imperialize Africa. The Africans were urged to give up their current beliefs and adopt the Christian way of spirituality and religion. Conclusion The British imperialism of Africa had its pros and cons. Africa can thank Britain and other European nations for giving them new technology, better sanitation and medicine, a renewed system of education, and a refreshed concept of religion. These benefits, however, came at the price of political tension, exploitation of people and resources, and the unfair and inconsiderate division of Africa's land among the nations who wanted to benefit from Africa's promise of prosperity and wealth.