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Congress in Action

Chapter 12
by

Eric Austin

on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of Congress in Action

Bills & Resolutions
Bill: a proposed law
joint resolutions: a proposal for some action that has the force of law
concurrent resolutions: a statement of position on an issue
resolution: a measure dealing with some matter in one house
First Reading
clerk of the House gives the bill a number & short title
entered into the House Journal
speaker refers the bill to the appropriate standing committee...
Bill in Committee
discharge petition: enables a member to force a bill onto the floor...
subcommittee: divisions of existing committees
Committee Actions:
1. report the bill favorably
2. refuse to report the bill
3. report the bill in amended form
4. report the bill unfavorably
5. report a committee bill
Rules Committee
must grant a "rule" before a bill reaches the floor
http://www.rules.house.gov/
http://www.house.gov/committees/
http://www.speaker.gov/
Bill on the Floor
Debate: majority and minority split time debating on the floor
How a Bill Becomes a Law (House)
Conference Committee
Introducing a Bill
Senate Floor
Filibuster
introduced by Senators
given a number & title, read twice, and sent to committee
senators may speak for as long as they please...
"talk a bill to death"
cloture: the process of limiting debate
resolving differences between House/Senate bills
President
sign the bill
veto the bill
allow to become law without signing
pocket veto the bill
How a Bill Becomes a Law (Senate)
Congress Organizes
January 3 of every ODD numbered year...
Clerk of the House (Presides)
checks the roll
members choose a Speaker of the House
takes the oath of office
administers the oath to everyone else
elects clerk, sergeant at arms, chief administrative officer, & chaplain
adopt the rules
permanent committees are appointed
http://clerk.house.gov/
Karen L. Haas
http://www.speaker.gov/
http://houselive.gov/MediaPlayer.php?view_id=2&clip_id=6700
Opening Day in the House
Opening Day in the Senate
Bill in Committee
discharge petition: enables a member to force a bill onto the floor...
subcommittee: divisions of existing committees
Committee Actions:
1. report the bill favorably
2. refuse to report the bill
3. report the bill in amended form
4. report the bill unfavorably
5. report a committee bill
http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/committees/d_three_sections_with_teasers/committees_home.htm
http://www.house.gov/committees/
http://clerk.house.gov/legislative/house-rules.pdf
http://www.house.gov/content/learn/officers_and_organizations/sergeant_at_arms.php
http://clerk.house.gov/
Paul D. Irving
http://cao.house.gov/
Ed Cassidy
http://chaplain.house.gov/chaplaincy/index.html
Fr. Pat Conroy
Short & Routine
Continuous Body: organized without interruption since 1789
New members sworn in...
Senate vacancies filled...
State of the Union Message
"to wait upon the President of the United States and inform him that a quorum of each House is assembled and that Congress is ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make"
Joint Committee Formed
Presiding Officer
Party Officers
Presiding Officer
Party Officer
Speaker of the House
John Boehner
interprets & applies rules
refers bills to committee
puts motions to a vote
appoints committee members
President of the Senate
President pro tempore
Joe Biden
Orrin Hatch
for the time being...
Party Caucus: closed meeting of members of each party
Party Caucus: closed meeting of members of each party
Majority Leader
Minority Leader
Party Whips
Kevin McCarthy
Nancy Pelosi
Steve Scalise
Steny Hoyer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_leaders_of_the_United_States_House_of_Representatives
Majority Leader
Minority Leader
Party Whips
Harry Reid
Mitch McConnell
Dick Durbin
John Cornyn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_leaders_of_the_United_States_Senate
Committees in Congress
Standing Committee: permanent committee
House Rules Committee
"traffic cop"
Select (Special) Committee: created for a specific temporary purpose
http://www.house.gov/committees/
http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/committees/d_three_sections_with_teasers/committees_home.htm
Joint Committee: members of both houses
Conference Committee: created to work out differences in a bill
Full transcript