Transcript of Untitled Prezi
CENTRAL ANATOLIA REGION BLACK SEA REGION EASTERN ANATOLIA REGION MEDITERRANEAN REGION AEGEAN REGION MARMARA REGION KEMENÇE TULUM As various ethnic groups live in this region, songs are sung in Georgian, Laz language and Hemşin language as well as in Turkish. MUSIC IN TURKEY BAĞLAMA The bağlama is a stringed musical instrument shared by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean, Near East, and Central Asia regions. SOUTH-EASTERN ANATOLIA REGION The cümbüş is a Turkish stringed instrument of relatively modern origin. Developed in the early 20th century as an oud-like instrument that could be heard as part of a larger ensemble. In construction it resembles both the American banjo and the Middle Eastern oud. A fretless instrument, it has six courses of doubled-strings, and is generally tuned like an oud. The most commonly used string folk instrument in Turkey, the bağlama has seven strings divided into courses of two, two and three. It can be tuned in various ways and takes different names according to region and size: Bağlama, Divan Sazı, Bozuk, Çöğür, Kopuz Irızva, Cura, Tambura, etc. The music of Turkey includes diverse elements ranging from Central Asian folk music to influences from Byzantine music, Greek music, Ottoman music, Persian music, Balkan music, as well as references to more modern European and American popular music. Turkey is a country on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, and is a crossroad of cultures from across Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus and South and Central Asia. Southeastern regions carry influences from Turkmen music, Kurdish music, Zaza motifs and Armenian music. These usually include epic laments. Alevi worship and other social activities take place in assembly houses (cemevi). The ceremony (âyîn-i cem, or simply cem) features music, singing, and dancing (semah) in which both women and men participate. Rituals are performed in Turkish, Kurmanji, Zazaki, and other local languages—not in Arabic, as in other Muslim groups. The size of the Alevi population is likewise disputed, but most estimates place them somewhere between ten and twenty million people, primarily in Turkey. The zurna (also called surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas, zurma), is a multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music. Kaval is a Turkish folk instrument of the wind type. It is known as the instrument of the shepherds. The belief that the shepherd leads his sheep flock with his kaval is a wide spread belief among the people. There are lots of Gypsy people living in thracian part of Turkey. Their music is unique as they synthesise the features of well-known Gypsy style music with the Turkish music. And this kind of music is highly appreciated and enjoyed in Turkish weddings. The low G clarinet is rare in Western music but popular in the folk music of Turkey. Zeybek is the traditional music and the folk dance of the Aegean region. In this Aegean dance, dancers, called "efe", symbolize courage and heroism The sipsi is a Turkish woodwind instrument. It is a clarinet-like, single-reed instrument used mainly in folk music. Its size varies from region to region, but it generally contains five finger holes in the front, and one finger hole in the back. Kasik (spoon) is a Turkish percussion instrument. The handles are taken between the fingers and the oval parts are held towards the inside of the hand ina backto back position. This folk-dance, is a part of Turkish dance and is performed to a large extent in the Eastern, South- Eastern and Central Anatolia and it is one of the most striking dance. It has a rich figure structure of simplicity is the symbol of creation and originality of the folk. The rhythmic elements of halay dances are very rich and are mostly performed with drum-zurna combination as well as with kaval (shepherd's pipe), sipsi (reed) or baglama. CAucasian dance can be a solo, couple or group dance. Men and women are dressed in traditional costumes; men wear a sword adorned on their side and women in long, flowing dresses. The man, imitating an eagle, dances in quick, concise steps; falling to his knees and leaping up quickly. The woman dances quietly, taking light, small steps—giving the appearance of her floating around the floor. When the dance is performed in pairs, the couples do not touch; the woman acknowledges the man, and dances discreetly about him. Georgian folk music is predominantly vocal and is widely known for its rich traditions of vocal polyphony. It is not really common in Turkey. It can only be found among local communities of North-Eastern part of Black Sea Region. Kemençe is a name used for various types of stringed bowed musical instruments having their origin in the Eastern Mediterranean , particularly in Greece, Turkey, and regions adjacent to the Black Sea. These instruments are folk instruments, generally having three strings and played held upright with their tail on the knee of the musician. The tulum is a musical instrument, a form of bagpipe from Turkey. It is droneless with two parallel chanters, and is usually played by the Laz and Hamsheni peoples. Horon, is a dance style of Pontus found in the Black Sea region, now modern Turkey. The rapid shoulder and upper body movements from the waist is said to have evolved from the modern Turkish version dating to recent centuries. These movement are said to have derived from the shimmying of the little silver anchovy fish (Turkish: Hamsi) found in mass abundance in the Black Sea. A specific sequence of classical Turkish musical forms become a fasıl, a suite an instrumental prelude (perev), an instrumental postlude (saz semaisi), and in between, the main section of vocal compositions which begins with and is punctuated by instrumental improvisations taksim. A full fasıl concert would include four different instrumental forms and three vocal forms, including a light classical song, şarkı. Followers of the Mevlevi Order or whirling dervishes are a religious sufi sect unique to Turkey but well-known outside of its boundaries.Full transcript
Dervishes of the Mevlevi sect simply dance a sema by turning continuously to music that consists of long, complex compositions called ayin. These pieces are both preceded and followed by songs using lyrics by the founder and poet Mevlana Jelaleddin Rumi With the musical instrument known as the ney at the forefront of this music. Thank you very much
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