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Greek Art

AP Art History- Greece
by

Alex Basabe

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Greek Art

Greece
Symbolizes the decline of heroism, fame, youth, and strength in Greece
Not a youthful athlete
tired
heavy beard
Wrapped hands, battered, scarred
broken veteran
Seated Boxer
grave marker for an Athenian military leader
has a mixture of wine, water, oils, and herbs.
The mixture is used as an offering.
It's three feet tall.
They feature registers, top: intricate rectangular design. Middle: deceased, surrounded by wife and other mourners. Bottom: procession, horse drawn chariot and foot soldiers.
Krater
Kouros
Archaic Art
Standing nude male
6'4" upright, rigid straight arms, left foot forward, youthful
*possibly stood on the tomb of a young man.
Kore
Standing clothed female
Wearing a Peplos: woolen garment
Presents bold innovations such as: lifted arms and she is smiling.
More natural looking than past sculptures
looking off to the distance
In the Contrapposto stance:
Relaxed, natural
relaxed muscles and face
Kritios
450-440 B.C.
1 of a pair of statues
Bronze original
more pronounced and noticeable Contrapposto
eyes were made of ivory
eyelashes were copper
teeth were crafted from silver
very lifelike
Riace Warrior
Doryphoros
in the Cella: 38 ft. tall Athena statue carved of Ivory for her flesh, her armor and dress was sheet gold.
held Nike which symbolized victory.
the sculpture faces east, for the effect of the sun will shine upon Athena.
The Parthenon
Signature Temples
350-340 B.C.E.
first lifesized nude female
Aphrodite preparing to bathe
fleshier, not much muscle definition
stirred controversy
wouldn't normally show nude females.
Aphrodite of Knidos
Lysippes
Alter of Zeus
Spearbearer
he was sculpted by Polykleitos
Chiastic pose and balanced
classical sculpture
had pronounced muscle definition
Temple of Athena
the collanade of columns surrounded building
the formula: x=2y+1, charachterized the complete building
East Pediment of the Parthenon was a sculpture of 3 marble goddesses(Hestia, Dione, and Aphrodite)
very realistic
garments were sculpted to cling to the bodies
the Parthenon is a doric temple, with an ionic inner
the frieze is ionic
(Penathanaic Procession)
Kallikrates
Temple of Athena and Nike
the very first ionc temple
built in 420 B.C.
Erechtheion
Ionic
famous for the Porch of Caryatids
Exibits Contrapposto
graceful clothing
Leaner
taller
more movement
scraping oil after workout.
climatic
discovered in Pompeii
comtains more than a million tiny glass pieces
Battle of Issus
Volut was ionic
elevated porch
huge continuous frieze on porch
depicted olympic Gods against the Titans
Athena attacking the giant, Alkyoneos
Gaia is pleading for mercy
Nike is declaring victory
lot of exaggerated emotion
Body language demonstrates victory/defeat
Gigantomachey
Laocoon
Very influential
3 sculptors
Poseidon releases serpent on Laocoon
Full transcript