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Qualitative Research-QT

Framework of Qualitative Research: Queer Theory

Leslie Howder

on 12 April 2011

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Transcript of Qualitative Research-QT

Queer Theory Post-postmodern Theory Origins in the early 1990’s from related areas of LGBT and Feminist Theory Derived from: Post-Structuralist Theory and more specifically from a Deconstructionist position
Major Theorists include:
Michael Foucault, Eve Kosofosky Sedgwick, Judith Butler, Adrinne Rich, and Diana Fuss. ? “It challenges basic tropes used to organize our society and our language: even words are gendered” (Dilley, 1999 p.460) Queer theory rejects binary distinctions as arbitrarily determined and defined by those in social power Queer theory comes from queered perspectives of the researcher and the researched.
The sexual dimensions of a subject become the central site of investigation, primarily in juxtaposing the queer to the norm. So What is Queer Theory? Dilley states... Not easily understood... What if this was your child?
How do you feel about the doctor’s diagnosis: transgender?
How would you handle this as a teacher/administrator?
Are we creating stereotypes by asking the questions? Epistemology Issues of Validity Researchers have lived experiences
An emotional connection Other Methodological Issues Listing the studies from the readings Positionality Issues of Reliability “There is so much pressure on women to be heterosexual, and this pressure is both so pervasive and so completely denied, that I think heterosexuality cannot come naturally to many women; I think that widespread heterosexuality among women is a highly artificial product of the patriarchy” (Blackburn, p. 96) Sampling Issues of Queer Theory Issues of Generalizability Ontology Axiology Certainly ethical/moral considerations especially involving confidentiality surrounding groups yet to be accepted by mainstream, especially in education. Nixon & Givens: “We remain shocked that research done in a liberal academic community at the start of the 21st century should expose a culture which by means ranging from silence to physical threat and assault marginalizes one group of students in their pursuit of professional qualification” (p.253) Case Study-Sample Qualitative Research Code-switching amongst Gay teachers
Suburban community in Illinois
Interview/observe 3 Gay educators throughout the course of a full 24 hour day Questions:
Do the constructs of society restrict how you communicate in your work place compared to your community?

In what way is language used to access power from a position of marginalization? Three Tenets of Queer Research, Dilley, p.462

Examination of lives and experiences of those considered non-heterosexual

Juxtaposition of those lives/experiences with lives/experiences considered ‘normal’

Examination of how/why those lives and experiences are considered outside of the norm Does code-switching meet these three tenets? p.470 Questions:
What is my favorite movie
What type of music do I like
What is my favorite book
What do I do for a living
Am I married
What is my relationship like with my parents
What do I like to do in my free time
What are my hobbies or extra-curricular activities
Who is my hero/heroine Write down on a sheet of paper what you believe you are and why

Take a few moments and share with your neighbor Traditional epistemologies are flawed. Queer theory calls for an examination of these flaws. Qualitative
Examination of lives and identities
Collective data analysis
Positionality Examples Mollie Blackburn

Losing, Finding, and Making Space for Activism through Literacy Performances and Identity Work
Case study on Kira

Agency in Borderland Discourses: Examining Language Use in a Community Center With Black Queer Youth
Focus group – urban setting – small group of queer black youths exploring power through language – “Gaybonics”

Author served as a participant researcher in both articles – working directly with youth organizations Jensen Lugg Blackburn sees some degree of generalizability in that she addresses the notion that concepts of racial marginalization can be extended to sexuality.
However, Critical Race Theory & Feminism only provide a frame work as a starting point.
Relatively New field- LGBQT all covered by Queer Theory.
Even “Gaybonics”- used to create an exclusivity to a subgroup of black gay males. Cousin of critical race theory
Our “nature of reality” is wrong because our epistemology is flawed.
Need to view the world through a different lens, that of Queer Theory.
Goal of Queer Theorists- disrupt the traditional view of reality
Design your own research project based on the 3 ideas behind queer research:

1) examination of lives and experiences of those considered non-heterosexual
2) juxtaposition of those lives/experiences with lives/experiences considered “normal”
3) examination of how/why those lives and experiences are considered outside of the norm

*Get with colleagues that had the same color dot as you did in the introduction activity Queer Theory Amanda, Chris, Leslie, and James “It seeks to invert the delineations and borders of our culture, the very concepts we use to create knowledge. Queer theorists attempt to show the structures and concepts created by those limits and borders, and how the people involved in creating theory affect and are affected by those concepts. They challenge- and sometimes reject – the notions of epistemological certainty, normal and abnormal. And the questions once posed and answered, must continue to be reexamined.”
(Dilley p. 475) The researcher is responsible for describing the changes that occur in the setting and how these changes affected the way the research approached the study. Jensen poses the questions: “Should the straight researcher have the burden to prove that he or she is committed to social justice and willing to be accountable? Or, should a researcher expect to claim the right to do such research without accountability to the community in question?” (p.28) Inherently difficult
( Lugg article) Two issues: Gender , Sexual Orientation
Since the 70’s, ballot issues have attempted to ban queer people from working in public schools
Two aspects of Inferential statistics with respect to sampling:
Accuracy (Representativeness)
Precision (Sample size) Jensen article (1997)
Positionality can affect sampling, among other things
Sexual orientation is not always dichotomous
Sampling then gets cloudy, precision is lost, decrease in generalizability
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