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The Solar System
Transcript of The Solar System
It takes Mercury to orbit the Sun in 88 of it's days.
Mercury takes 58.6 Earth days to spin around once.
During the day, it is 430°C and at night it is -180°C.
Mercury is the fastest orbiting planet in the Solar System because it has the shortest journey around the Sun. Venus Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun.
Venus' orbit takes 224.7 Earth days.
It takes Venus 243 Earth days to spin around.
The temperature during the day is 470°C and during the night it is round about the same.
Venus is the hottest planet in the Solar System because of it's run-away greenhouse effect.
Also it is called 'The Evening Star' because just before sunrise and just after sunset, it is the brightest object in the sky apart from the Moon and Sun. Mars Mars is the fourth closest planet to the Sun.
It takes Mars 687 Earth days to orbit the Sun.
Mars' time to spin around takes 24.62 hours nearly the same as Earth.
Mars has a valley called 'The Vallis Marineris' it's so big it makes the Grand Canyon look tiny.
Also, Mars has the biggest volcanoe in the Solar System called 'Olympus Mons' it takes up the same space as Ireland and is three times higher than Mount Everest. Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun.
It takes Jupiter 11.86 Earth years to orbit the Sun.
To spin around, it takes Jupiter less than 10 hrs.
At night, it is 163 °C and during the day it is -121 °C.
Jupiter is the biggest planet in the Solar System.
Also it is twice as heavy as all the other planets put together.
Jupiter has a Great Red Spot which is a huge swirl of red clouds that goes on for 40,000km. Jupiter Saturn Uranus Uranus Neptune Neptune is the eighth planet from the Sun.
It takes Neptune 164.79 Earth years to orbit the Sun.
To rotate around, it takes Neptune 17.25 hours.
On Neptune, the surface temperature can reach up to -210°C.
Like Jupiter's Great Red Spot, Neptune has a Great Dark Spot where storms whip up swirling clouds.
Neptune is similiar to Uranus because of their surface which has icy methane.
Neptune has the strongest winds in the Solar System blowing up to 700m per second The Great Dark Spot The Great Red Spot Pluto Pluto was the furthest planet from the Sun.
It took Pluto 248.54 years to orbit the Sun and just under a week to rotate once.
Pluto used to be a planet but was soon declared to be a Dwarf Planet Earth Earth is the third closest planet to the Sun.
It takes 365.242 days to orbit the Sun.
To rotate once, it takes 24 hours.
The temperature of Earth is approximately -34°C to 30°C.
Earth is the only planet suitable for life because it is the only planet with water in three states at the same time (Vapour, Liquid & Ice)
It is tilted at an angle of 23.5°. The Moon Earth has only one Moon.
It has been the only moon that humans have actually set foot on.
The Sun reflects it's light onto the Moon and into our eyes so we can see it.
That means that the Moon doesn't actually produce it's own light.
When the Moon shows, it has different shapes depending on what angle the Sun is facing it. The Waxing Crescent The First Quarter The Waxing Gibbous The Full Moon The Waning Gibbous The Last Quarter The Waning Crescent Thank you for listening to my Solar System Presentation.
I hope you enjoyed it.
Emily Cam. The Sun The core of the Sun is over 15 million°C but, the surface is only 6,000°C.
The Sun is very hot because the pressure at the core is enough to join together hydrogen atoms and turn them into helium atoms.
Helium atoms act like a giant atom bomb that releases a huge amont of heat.
The Sun is so big that it weighs 2,000 trillion trillion tonnes. The Sun The Moon Mars Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun.
It takes Saturn 29 and a half Earth years to orbit the Sun.
To spin around, it only takes Saturn 11.5 hours.
The temperature in Saturn is 170 °C.
Saturn has sets of tiny rocks, ice and dust that orbit it's equator.
The rings travel 270,000km across but they are very thin only 100m or less.
Saturn is not solid but gas. It is mostly made out of liquid hydrogen and helium. Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
It takes Uranus 84 Earth years to orbit the Sun and 17 hours 14 minutes to rotate around.
During the day, it is -142°C and at night it is -221°C.
Uranus has a fascinating moon which has a volcanoe that erupts fountains of ice.
It is mostly made out of hydrogen and helium.
Wind travels over the planet at more than 2000km/h.