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Sexual Health...Let's Talk About It!

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CATHERINE ONYEJEKWE

on 2 January 2014

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Transcript of Sexual Health...Let's Talk About It!

Sexual Health is a BIG deal!
Sexual health is the process of experiencing sexuality through physical, psychological, and sociocultural forms that is free from dysfunction, disease, and sickness. Sexual health is the way of being that helps to create a happy personal and social life. World Health Organization
Sexual Health...Let's Talk About It!
How to take care of your Sexual Health
Be comfortable with yourself, your partner, and decisions that you make
Use protection
Use birth control
Get tested for STDs/STIs
Get regular pap smears
Learn how to do a breast-self exam
Be honest about your sex life
Know your Vagina
The vagina is a sex organ used for these purposes: sexual intercourse, childbirth & uterine secretion
Birth Control Methods
Birth control allows us to prevent pregnancy and plan the timing of pregnancy. These are some methods that are available to you:
Types of STDs/STIs
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis, Viral
Herpes, Genital
HIV/AIDS & STDs
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Syphilis
Trichomoniasis
Other STDs
Attitudes about sexual health
Talking about sex in front of the opposite sex means that they're "loose"
Females are not suppose to initiate sex--the man should always be the initiator
Sex is
only
for reproduction
Sex should only be between a man and a woman that are married
Masturbation is bad
It's a way for people to:
Feel pleasure & comfort
Express love to their partner
Reproduce
Experience physical, emotional & spiritual connection with their partner
Sex is a healthy part of life!
What happens during Sex, Ovulation, Ejaculation & Fertilization
Any woman can get Bacteria Vaginosis

Some women with BV don't know they have it because they have no symptoms.
Having BV can increase a woman's susceptibility to other STDs. Pregnant women may deliver premature or low birth-weight babies.
Women who have never had sexual intercourse may also be affected by BV, and it is common in pregnant women.
Most people who have chlamydia don’t know it since the disease often has no symptoms.
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States.
Sexually active females 25 years old and younger need testing every year.
Easy to cure, chlamydia can impact a woman’s ability to have children if left untreated.
Anyone who is sexually active can get gonorrhea.
If they occur, symptoms in men and women vary depending on what part of the body is infected: Gonorrhea can affect the anus, eyes, mouth, genitals, or throat.
This disease can impact a woman’s ability to have children if left untreated.
Vaccine Preventable STDs
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Genital herpes is a common STD, and most people with genital herpes infection do not know they have it.
You can get genital herpes even if your partner shows no signs of the infection.
If you have any symptoms (like a sore on your genitals, especially one that periodically recurs) laboratory tests can help determine if you have genital herpes.
There is no cure for herpes, but treatment is available to reduce symptoms and decrease the risk of transmission to a partner.
Having an STD can make you more likely to get HIV.
If you have an STD, get treatment because persons who are infected with STDs are more likely than uninfected persons to acquire HIV infection.
There are many steps you can take to reduce your risk of STD and HIV. Find one (or more) that will work for you.

Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. Most HPV infections (90%) go away by themselves within two years.
Genital warts (warts on the genital areas);
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), a rare condition in which warts grow in the throat;
Cervical cancer, cancer on a woman's cervix; and
Genital cancers (cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus), and a type of head and neck cancer called oropharyngeal cancer (cancer in the back of throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
PID can lead to serious consequences including infertility.
PID occurs when certain bacteria, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, move upward from a woman's vagina or cervix (opening to the uterus) into her reproductive organs.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
The sexual behaviors that spread syphilis also spread other STDs, like HIV.
Syphilis is easy to cure in its early stages.
Signs and symptoms of syphilis include a firm, round, small, and painless sore on the genitals, anus, or mouth, or a rash on the body, especially on the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet.
Syphilis
Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is easy to cure.
The infection often has no symptoms although women are more likely than men to get symptoms. You may notice an unusual genital discharge.
Pregnant women with trichomoniasis can deliver premature, low birth weight babies.
Trichomoniasis
Chancroid
Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
Pubic Lice Infestation
Scabies
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HIV/AIDS & STDs
Genital Herpes
Gonorrhea
Chlamydia
Taking care of your sexual health is up to YOU!
Full transcript