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Alice in Wonderland Syndrome

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by

Deanna Romani

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
by Deanna Romani, Robby Taylor, and LaRisa Rowe
Overview:
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, also known as AIWS or Todd's Syndrome, is a neurological condition that effects human perception.
It's a temporary condition, and normally it's associated with severe migraines, brain tumors, and certain drugs.
AIWS is caused by abnormal amounts of electric activity in the part of the brain that processes human perception.
Virus Involvement:
Has been reported in several viral infections
When tested, a 6 year old child exhibiting symptoms of AIWS also tested positive for the Epstein-Barr virus infection.
His symptoms resolved spontaneously after 48 hours and hadn't returned even after a 4 month follow up.
It is recommended that all children showing signs of AIWS should be tested for this virus to reassure the that the condition is usually temporary and benign.
Overview cont'd:
It got its name because it causes one to hallucinate and see things that aren't really there, much like the character of Alice in the
Alice in Wonderland
novels.
Although it is mostly present in children, and grown out of by the teen years, some people continue to experience symptoms throughout their entire life.
Signs and Symptoms:
The human is physically normal, but they experience a change in perception, with no dysfunction of the eyes at all.
Migraines are always a 'tell tale' symptom as well.
Sense of time is also lost with AIWS.
The last symptom is the vision of altered body image. He or she is confused as to the size of his or her body, perceptually distorting the image that they see.
Virus Involvement cont'd:
AIWS is the initial sign of the Epstein-Barr virus
It is caused by abnormal amounts of electrical activity in the brain causing abnormal blood flow to the parts that process visual perception and texture
EBV is a herpes virus that is often a precursor to mononucleosis
It can cause fever, sore throat, swollen spleen and lymph nodes, and in the initial phases, hallucinogenic symptoms
EBV is usually a benign systemic viral illness in children and young adults with mild to no symptoms, but in rare cases in can be serious.
AIWS is more a side effect of a condition

Treatment:
AIWS is pretty much untreatable and must wear itself out.
The best treatment plan is good rest.
Doctors can treat it better if they find out what is causing it (migraines, epilepsy, EBV, etc.).
Children tend to grow out of it.
Treatments cont'd:
Administration of migraine prophylaxis, anti depressants, anti convulsants, and calcium chnel blockers can lessen the symptoms.
Medications for temporal lobe epilepsy: Keppra, Zonegran, Lamictal, Topamax
Follow a migraine diet regimen: No chocolate, caffeine, diet sodas, alcohol, or skipping meals.
Popular treatment is therapy and support groups to share experiences and how to cope with AIWS.
Complications of Treatment:
There is no cure for Alice in Wonderland Syndrome and there is no proven effective treatment.
Patients sometimes experience panic and disorientation
Diagnosing it can be difficult because children describing symptoms aren't taken seriously.
Resources:
Discovery Fit and Health Writers, 2012. "What is
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome?" Retrieved from:
http://health.howstuffworks.com/mental-health/mental-disorders/what-is-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome.htm
Martin, Mardomingo M., 2001. "Alice in Wonderland
syndrome due to Epstein-Barr infection."
MEDLINE
. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11412412
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.net. Retrieved
from: http://www.aliceinwonderlandsyndrome.net/Alice-in-Wonderland-Syndrome-Symptoms.html
ABC News, 2012. "Alice in Wonderland Syndrome."
Retrieved from:
YouTube
.
Full transcript