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Copy of The Sexual Revolution of 1960s & 1970s
Transcript of Copy of The Sexual Revolution of 1960s & 1970s
Period 7 How did the invention of the birth control impact the Sexual Revolution of 1960s & 1970s?? Female Sexual Empowerment At the beginning of the 1960s, of Sexual Revolution, the concept at the time was that women, just like men enjoyed sex and had sexual needs. For Feminist, Sexual Revolution was about female sexual empowerment. But for social conservatives, it was the initiative for promiscuity and an attack on the foundation of American Society- The Family; Feminists & social conservatives clashed over morality of the "Sexual Revolution" , and the Pill was drawn in the debate. The Pill as Scapegoat Many people argued that the pill was the cause of the Sexual Revolution. The breakthrough that allowed women to separate sex from procreation, was what conservatives feared. Since single women on birth control could control their fertility, single women and married would have sex any time, any place, and with anyone without the risk of becoming pregnant. The freedom the pill gave women by allowing them to control when and how often they became pregnant greatly influenced the women's rights movement of the 1960s. Double Standard Although it was an acceptance for single men to have sex, the idea of young women doing the same disturbed many in America. In 1966, a feature on the Pill & morality, Magazine U.S. News and World Report asked, " Is the Pill regarded as a license for promscuity? Can its avaliability to all women of childbearing age lead to sexual anarchy? " Author Pearl Buck took an approach to the pill in a 1968 Readers Digest Article: " Its a small object-- yet its potential effect upon our society many be even more devastating than the nuclear bomb. " Technology & Behavior In response to the conservative attacks, developers of the Pill, John Rock & Gregory Pincus argued that the technology does not determine behavior. Despite the coating of a pure society & socially conservative morality, there was clinical research to back up their views. Studies have shown that with the Pill, women were able to engage in some behavior- but with a dramatically reduced risk of pregnancy. The Rise of a Singles Culture As the decade progressed, the idea on virginity & marriage were slowly replaced by a celebration of singles & sexual exploration. Hugh Hefner put out a new magazine called 'Playboy' that promoted bachelorhood & the single lifestyle. Reported Side Effects After the FDA approved the Pill word began to spread that there were serious side effects. There were reports of blood clots, strokes- & possible links to cancer. In 1962, manufacturer of birth control pill Envoid, G.D Searle & company, recieve reports of 132 cases of blood clot in Pill users. 11 of the cases resulted in death. Searle maintained that there were no proof that the pill caused those deaths. FDA assured doctors that the drug was safe. The Lacking Information Problems grew, Gynecologists & Obstetricians were not aware of the side effects. Neither the companies nor FDA gave Doctors much info on the potential side effects. Women consuming the Pill began having different effects. The Effects were not reproductive problems, meaning they had mental as well as physical effects. Because of the many side effects that came about because of the Pill, many feminists began to speak up against the Pill. Feminist Journalist, Barbara Seaman with the publication of her book, 'A Doctor's Case Against The Pill' was groundbreaking. It was to bring awarness of the Pill's dangerous effects to the attention of medical establishment, government, & public.
Her books, as well as all other Feminists brought awareness to other women using the pill. Women Without Voices January 1970, experts assembled in the Senate Chamber, giving their testimony on hazards of the Pill. Alice Wolfson, member of Radical Collective D.C. Women's liberation, was listening in the audience. Her & her group have taken the Pill once, & have experienced serious side effects. Hearing a male after the other,speaking about what they've witnessed. Describing the serious health risks the Pill have caused. The men testifying were furious because there was not one woman who has taken the pill in the Senate Chamber to testify. Feminists' Grievances. . . Feminists' grievances gained the national attention. Wolfson's group appeared frequently on the nightly news during the Hearings. 87% of women between the ages of 21- 45 followed Hearings. 18% of them quit taking oral contraceptive as a result of the Hearings. The Birth Control Pill is a oral contraceptive that prevents pregnancy by inhibiting(restraining) ovulation throught the use of synthetic versions of the hormones estrogen & progesterone. The Science Of The Pill Women That Have Taken The Pill Chistiana Norgren
New York, NY
She feels that The Pill should be something known for such a wonderful creation to women. These were her words, " The Pill is truly a wonder drug that has freed millions of women from the health dangers of unending pregnancies." ..."I went on the pill at 15, & had absolutely no side effects for the next 10 years that I was on it." She has taken the pill religiously, and never got pregnant. She went off the pill, & got pregnant. A few years later, she did the same & got pregnant with her second child.
She also added:
** "...my mother, who got maried in 1963, also used the pill until she had me in 1970, also without side effects. "
Chistiana is a women who never had side effects, and the pill worked perfectly for her lifestyle and well-being.
She has a LOVE/HATE relationship with the Pill. These were her words, "The Pill enabled me to pursue an education & career..the pill gave me an alternative to being a housewife/office drudge with a bunch of children hanging on my skirt. Thank God for the Pill. " She had taken the Pill for 20 years, until she had a hysterectomy due to endometriosis & fast growing uterine tumors. "Did the pill cause them? " She questioned. HATE: " The hate aspect rises out of the gross enlargement of my breasts, weight gain, & emotional rollercoaster that developed from taking the Pill." ..." But i think some permanent damage was done to my self esteem... thanks to the pill."
R.T, i feel has had her good out of using the Pill. It has helped her to do things she knows she wouldve not been able to do if she had children. But it has also done physical effects to her. Other Side Effects Headeaches
An Era Of Change As the 1960s progressed... Most women worked low paying jobs as teachers, nurses, waitresses, secretaries, or factory workers. Although the the Civil Rights Act of 1964 , which prohibited employment & educational discrimination, helped make it possible for women to go into professional fields, The Pill also played a significant role. With almost 100% fertility CONTROL, women were able to postpone having children to pursure a career or degree that had never been possible prior to the Pill. Conclusion Over the course of the Sexual Revolution, women wanted to be able to take charge. To be able to become independent, and show that they could do wonderful things. Things men, could do, they can do as well. The Pill had become such an impact to such extend that it has given women the control of their own bodys, the control of their future. The Pill was Freedom to be able to take control for women. The Pill gave women the Power of CONTROL.