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Searching Through Choral Music Education

A timeline that emphasizes the major contributions throughout the history of Choral Music Education in America.

Paula Elsner

on 26 February 2011

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Transcript of Searching Through Choral Music Education

Creative energies begin flowing, and the pioneers of American choral music start composing. William Billings John Antes Stephen Foster Horatio Parker John Tufts compiles the first book for music instruction in America. He titled the book, "Introduction to the Singing of Psalms" This is what the music looked like New England establishes the first "Singing Schools." 1837 1844 1873 1905 Lowell Mason petitions to add music to the public school systems in Boston. By 1838, music is added to Boston's curriculum. Horace Mann, Massachussett's Secretary of State, reports that 500 schools in the state are practicing music. Reverend A.D. May appeals to the National Education Association for a musical reform in the schools. A.E. Winshop follows May's lead and appeals to National Education Association for a musical reform. Early Twentieth Century John Dewey leads the way for music education Dewey emphasized the aesthetic quality of music education Many Follow! Will Earhart Walter Damrosch George Gartlon Karl Geherkens Horatio Parker Osbourne McConathy Edward Bailey Birge James Mursell Peter Dykema Frances Elliot Clark 1865, By five states had created a total of fifteen schools that specialize in training teachers. This type of school is known as a "Normal School." These teachers are certified to teach multiple subjects, including music. In 1871, the Pennsylvania State Normal School created a separate department for music education. 1902 1923 1929 1950's Oberlin College becomes the first liberal arts college to offer courses in "school music" Oberlin College awards the first bachelor of school music degree Job security during the Great Depression and positive high school choral experiences create an increase in college music education majors. Music becomes part of graduate studies. Choral conducting and music education become two distinct fields. F. Melius Christiansen founded the St. Olaf Lutheran Choir. 1912 In They toured in the a capella style, and became the most influential choir of the early Twentieth Century. By 1920, A capella music had become increasingly popular. This caused the change from a "teaching of singing" mentality to the idea of "choral music education." The Mormon Tabernacle Choir is founded in 1850. Consists of unpaid volunteers
1999, added a volunteer orchestra
still popular today John Finley Williamson founds the Westminster Choir
in 1920 Williamson develops the "singing tone," which is vastly different than the a capella style. By the 1940s, singing standards have been raised. ". . .an emphasis on the integrity of the musical score, a varied concept of choral tone, and a higher level of formal training for choral music educators." In 1916, Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians was created. They become the first professional choral group to expand into education. Waring is considered the "Man who taught America how to sing." In 1942, Gordon and Berger and Robert Shaw created the "Collegiate Chorale." In 1948, Shaw created the Robert Shaw Concert Chorale Shaw created an admirable and influential personal style of teaching. American Choral Directors Association Founded in 1959, ran alongside MENC
1971, held first independent meeting in Kansas City, MO Educational Reforms Begin in the 1950's
In the 1980's, federal funding was cut
Public education receives less funding
In 2002, No Child Left Behind causes a decrease in art/music programs

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