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Positive Youth Development

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Xavier Maatra

on 24 September 2016

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Transcript of Positive Youth Development

-Be serious well trained professionals
-Know our own capacities and limits...when to referral
-Self care
-How do we not farther shame and harm …. ( Harm Reduction)
-Ultimately you have a social responsibility to youth in society....
create and manage supportive environments and opportunities for youth to develop into well adjusted adults
Adult Allies in Action
Recognizing Your Role As a Youth Worker & Ally
What is Positive Youth Development?
Radical Healing Model
Review strategies give examples from experience
(advancing youth work chart)
what kind of program are you
what ways do you want to engage with youth

Strategies to Integrate PYD into your Organization
Presents
Today's Objectives


Participants will explore:
*The role of Culture and identity within Positive Youth Development
*A leadership development models that supports people as they move from particpant to staff
*Examples of PYD in action

Mentor
Sounding board
Resource Advocate
Counselor
How many different hats do you wear as a youth worker?
Just because you’re a youth worker doesn’t automatically make you an adult ally.
What are your roles as a Adult Ally?
Responsibilities of Adult Allies
Help young people say what they think
Set and Respect boundaries
Build Mutual friendships with young people... to an extent
Its okay to set rules- in fact young people need them.
Understand your privilege and power
Take steps to actively fight Adultism and other forms of oppression within your org,
-program level
-interpersonal relationship
-institutionally
Deficit Based
Asset based
pathologies & Interventions
Skill Building & Character development
In the past alot of youth programming was based in prevention
Funding was for drug and pregnancy prevention
lets treat youth like a pathology, create intervention
PYD has existed before it was named PYD... its not theory its best practices and principles from a bunch of fields
Confidence
Competence
Character
Connection
Compassion
5 C's of Positive Youth Development
a sense of self worth and mastery,having a sense of self efficacy ,belief in one's ability to succeed
Urban Conditions
Exodus of Jobs
Urban Social Toxins
Violence
Fear
Shame
Uncertainty
Nihilism
Loss of control
Radical Healing
Agency
Hope & Optimism
Resistance
Personal Transformation
Struggle against, Racism, Sexism, homophobia, Classism,
Political and Social Awareness
Solidarity
Adult Allies
Individual
Social
Community
Wellness
Community & Civic Action
Power & Control
Emergence of crack cocaine economy
Decline of black radicalism
Historical and Contemporary Racism
Interpersonal
Structural
Poverty
Family dislocation
Lack of Access to healthcare
Racism
Poor-quality schools
Sounding Board
Mentor
Safe Space
Resource Advocate
Counselor
PYD Programs
Diagram based on Radical Healing Model figure 1.2 featured in Black Youth Rising by Shawn Ginwright
Social Movements
Collective Actions
Liberation
Freedom From Oppression
Freedom to create
Social Justice
Peace
Political and Social Consciousness
Hope and Optimisim
Voice
Freedom to create
Resistance
Community solidarity
Collective consciousness
Community power, civic action
Relationships,trust,social capital
Community thriving
a sense of safety, structure belonging,positive bonds with people and institutions
taking responsibility, a sense of independence and individuality, connection to principles and values
a sense of empathy for others
knowledge and skills necessary to function effectively and act on the environment
The focus of the positive youth development approach is to help youth acquire the knowledge and skills they need to become healthy and productive adults
All young people need supports and opportunities to make a successful transition to adulthood.
PYD builds on young people’s strengths and recognizes their unique contributions.
Inspired and informed by the original Freedom Schools founded in Mississippi during the Civil Rights Movement, CFS takes an innovative approach to civic engagement, leadership development, and movement building.
Youth Leadership
Education
Partnership & Collaboration
Youth Leadership Board
Freedom Fellows
Rev Up: A four-day national training for adult youth workers, organizers, and nonprofit professionals
Understanding Adultism: Creating Partnerships with Youth
White Folks & Racial Justice
Professional Development Trainings
Cricket Island Cohort
Public Programming: The Chicago Freedom School sponsors a range of public events, seminars and film screenings.
Training & Organizing
Liberation Education and Facilitation (LEAF)
What is
Social Justice Library
membership comes with free access to over 1,000 books,DVDs, and Social Justice curricula
Chicago Freedom School is not a school in the traditional sense, but a nonprofit organization that works with youth and adult allies to learn about past social movements and create campaigns for positive youth change.
Facilitated by
Xavier MaatRa is a community organizer and activist from Southern New Jersey. For over a decade he has traveled the country as an organizer in the labor movement, social justice workshop facilitator and youth advocate. Most recently, he’s appreciated his time working with LGBT youth through the Drop in Program at the Broadway Youth Center and helping to build a coalition of youth agencies to strengthen youth programs on Chicago’s Southwest side.
Xavier MaatRa
Training Coordinator
Chicago Freedom School
Closing
Fall Youth Development Training
Technical Assistance
Xavier Maatra
xavier@chicagofreedomschool.org
773-819-5033
At the end of a youth advisory council meeting, Parris, a youth participant that you’ve worked with for over a year, stays behind to talk with you. She shares that her boyfriend and her are having conversations about sex. This would be Parris’ first sexual experience and she is both nervous and curious. During the conversation Parris asks, “How was your first time Ms. Nguyen?”
Using the MI techniques what questions would you ask to support Parris?

Asking permission
Open ended questions
Normalizing
Affirmations
Sharing, tools, resources, and follow up
What is the grey area?
Adults use youth to decorate their activities. The presence of youth is treated as all that is necessary without reinforcing active involvement. A tangible outcome demonstrating thinking about youth voice.
Young people are are used inconsequentially by adults to reinforce the perception that youth are involved. Validates youth attendance without requiring the work to go beyond that.
Youth initiated projects decisions are shared with shared adults, projects empower youth while at the same time enabling them to access and learn from the life experience and expertise of adults.
Young people initiate and direct a project or program. Adults are involved only in a supportive role.
Projects programs are initiated by adults but the decision making is shared with the young people
Youth inform adults. Adults do not have to let youth impact their decisions. Youth can impact adult-driven decisions or activities.
Adults force them to attend without regard to interest. Adults reward for youth involvement and use it as
rational for continuing activities.
Adults use youth to decorate their activities. The presence of youth is treated as all that is necessary without reinforcing active involvement. A tangible outcome demonstrating thinking about youth voice.
Young people are are used inconsequentially by adults to reinforce the perception that youth are involved. Validates youth attendance without requiring the work to go beyond that.
Youth initiated projects decisions are shared with shared adults, projects empower youth while at the same time enabling them to access and learn from the life experience and expertise of adults.
Young people initiate and direct a project or program. Adults are involved only in a supportive role.
Projects programs are initiated by adults but the decision making is shared with the young people
Youth inform adults. Adults do not have to let youth impact their decisions. Youth can impact adult-driven decisions or activities.
Adults force them to attend without regard to interest. Adults reward for youth involvement and use it as
rational for continuing activities.
Adults actively consult youth while they’re involved. Youth only have the authority that adults grant them, and are subject to adult approval. Youth can substantially transform adults’ opinions, ideas, and actions.
Culture and Youth Development



* Latino- Integrated –

Individuals understands our society in terms of race and identified with the larger Latino community

Latino-Identified –

* Individuals believe race is fluid and society is a dualistic construction of race.

Subgroup-Indentified -

* Individuals have strong identification with specific subgroup within the Latino culture, belief that all other subgroups are subordinate

Latino as other –

* Individuals who hold no stake in a subgroup, often cause by the uncertainty of his or her heritage

Ferdman and Gallego’s Model of Latino Identity Development (2001)
Undifferentiated/denial –

* Individuals claim a color-blind mentality and race is not important

White Identified –

* Individuals identify as white and the view, values and beliefs as such

Integrative Awareness

* Optimum identity; Individual is able to identify as he or she wishes, appreciate other cultures including the dominant culture and balance all aspects of his or her heritage.

How is culture currently impacting the lives of the youth in your programs?

What role does Culture play in your youth programming?

How can you increase the use of Culture as a tool for empowerment and development?
Youth Leadership
Youth Organizing
Youth Development


which combines youth development and youth leadership with community organizing to train young people to lead grassroots organizing efforts and advocacy campaigns. In youth organizing, young people actively employ leadership skills to create meaningful, systemic change in their communities.
Youth leadership

which is an extension of the last area and helps young people look beyond their personal needs and interests to see their relationship to a collective group, organization or community.
Youth development

which encompasses but extends beyond young people’s basic need for stable homes, services and schooling. This approach focuses on additional supports in the form of relationships and networks that provide nurturing, standards and guidance, as well as opportunities for trying new roles and contributing to family and community.
Supporting Young People as:
Providing them with Services & Opportunities:
Focused Programming on:
Intervention
Development
Collective Empowerment
Systemic Change
What it Looks Like
@ Chicago Freedom School
*Participants
*Youth Workers
*Participants
*Youth Workers
*Leaders
*Staff Board
*Members
*Participants
*Youth Workers
*Leaders
*Staff Board
*Members
Authentic youth leadership opportunities built into programming and organizations


Opportunities to participate in community projects
Capacity & Skill Building
*supporting young people as decision makers and problem solvers
Each group gets butcher paper with shadow

As a group choose 5 attributes you want your youth to develop

How does current programing support these attributes ?
What are we working for?
Resources
*Acess to caring adults and safe spaces
*opportunities for youth adult partnerships
*Age Appropriate support
Growth & Development
Building Individual Competencies
*involves youth as part of a core *leadership and governing body
*engages in alliances and coalitions
*Builds and developes a baseo f youth
Youth Engagement Continuum

Put Rungs of HART'S LADDER OF YOUTH VOICE in order

from lack of youth voice at the bottom and youth led at the top.

must cross in correct order

must get whole team over line

no one can touch the ground

someone has to be touching a rung at all times until you cross

Devloping Youth Voice
Assessing your organization
Ladder of Participation

“personal development structure”

Leadership Development Structure

well known for passing the first ever initiative budget set aside that guarantees city funding for Children and Youth Services in San Francisco, called the Children’s Initiative.

YMAC focuses particularly on involving youth in policy-making, program development and implemen- tation processes of institutions that directly impact their lives and experiences. Their campaigns have won them increased student participation in district governance and increased resources allocated to youth services such as the investment in school-based health centers.
Capacity Building for Collective Action
*engaging in recruitment, popular education, and
Campaign development around issues identified by young people
Next Steps

Asess your Organizations/programs
-discuss material with staff
-discuss material with Youth
-Ask the youth if they are interested
- Along with youth set some goals for youth voice with in org/program
-Set some goals for PDY

-think about all the above in the context of organization mission & Capacity


Building Partnerships with Youth
A deeper look at Positive Youth Development
Focused Programming on:
Providing them with Services & Opportunities:
Supporting Young People as:
Focused Programming on:
Providing them with Services & Opportunities:
Supporting Young People as:
Youth Development
Youth Leadership
Youth Organizing
FIERCE is a membership-based organization building the leadership and power of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth of color in New York City. We develop politically conscious leaders who are invested in improving ourselves and our communities through youth-led campaigns, leadership development programs, and cultural expression through arts and media. FIERCE is dedicated to cultivating the next generation of social justice movement leaders who are dedicated to ending all forms of oppression.
The young women who worked in Chicago’s sex trade were fed up. They were tired of being studied and prodded by researchers, social workers and the media. They wanted to tell their own stories, without judgment, and show that the hardships they faced were bigger than any one person. The Young Women’s Empowerment Project (YWEP) has played a crucial role in helping to develop the self-determination of Chicago’s queer and homeless youth, especially those who trade sex for survival. The group organized a task force to help develop Chicago’s first ever Street Youth Bill of Rights. And this month, they released their second report written by and for young women in the sex trade called “Bad Encounter Line.” The participatory research project explored how youth in the sex trade are often turned away from social services and detailed how they’re fighting back.




A Time an Adult Made You Feel Powerless
A Time an Adult Made You Feel Powerful
Adultism is
Systematic
mistreatment and disrespect of young people
Adultism is driven by behaviors and attitudes that are based on the
assumption that adults are better
than young people, and therefore
entitled to act upon
young people without their agreement

we must understand a particular condition of young people: that young people are often mistreated and disrespected simply because they are young.
Assumptions
The Cycle of Oppression
Our Norms, Roles, Rules
Are Shaped by
Results in...
Socialized by...
Born Into Society
Messages Reinforced By...
Don't Change the status quo
Don't make waves
To Interrupt the Cycle
We must UNLEARN
Replace with new attitudes and Knowledge
Learn and Practice ally skills
Take action against oppression
No misinformation
No stereotypes
No bias
Family
Siblings
Friends
Neighbors
My father didn't tell me how to live; he lived, and let me watch him do it.” - Clarence B. Kelland.
Misinformation
Stereotypes
Myths
Untruths
Conscious Acceptance of Privilege
Unconscious Acceptance of Privilege
Discrimination and Prejudice
Internalized Oppression
Government
Media
Religious Institutions
Schools
Cultural “standards”
What are some rules that you grew up with may or may not be true to your current experience?
Who were you socialized by?
Born Into Society
No misinformation
No stereotypes
No bias
Socialized by...
Family
Siblings
Friends
Neighbors
My father didn't tell me how to live; he lived, and let me watch him do it.” - Clarence B. Kelland.
Who were you socialized by?
Our Norms, Roles, Rules
Are Shaped by
Misinformation
Stereotypes
Myths
Untruths

shared attitudes, values, goals and practices that characterizes the oppression in institutions, organizations or group
Ex. Young People's relationships aren't taken seriously
occurs when established laws, customs, and practices systematically reflect and produce inequalities based on one’s members targeted social identity groups
Ex. loitering laws are disproportionally and unjustly directed towards youth
Cultural
Institutional
Interpersonal
Personal
Manifestations of Adultism
oppression occurs when people interact with each other
Ex Power dynamic favor teachers -creates a power struggle and leads to mutual disrespect
internalized oppression is the devaluing and disempowerment of self
Ex youth stop participating and don't believe their voice counts, so are less inclined to vote
There has been an increase in violence in your community, In response , as a youth organizer, you have asked youth you work with to organize a community town hall meeting to discuss the increase in violence. The group of youth are new to organizing, but you are excited to see what they can create. You provide space, supplies, and food, and have worked taught them how to facilitate dialogue.

You intentionally stepped out of the running of the meeting to allow for a youth led event. The day of the event there is an amazing turnout and people are extremely eager to participate. However, the gathering quickly turns into a very vocal group of adults dominating the conversation and not allowing for others, especially youth to be heard. The youth organizers do not know how to respond or move the conversation forward. People begin to feel frustrated and leave. The event turns out to be un productive failing to achive any of the goals.
Answer the following questions

1. What can you do to prevent the situation?

2. What could an adult ally do in the moment to support the person?

3. What could staff do on an organizational level to support the young person?
Scenarios
CLose
Ally vs Advocate
Youth Engagement Continum
Small group activity
list 5 attributes of an adult ally
in pairs answer discuss the following:
Full transcript