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Year 7 Design and Technology

Introduction to Design and Technology

Jamie Johnson

on 2 January 2015

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Transcript of Year 7 Design and Technology

Design and Technology- Year 7
Write down the Date (10/1/2014) in the top right hand corner of your books, and the Title below...
Big Picture: To understand the importance of sketching, and develop some basic skills to communicate design
Lesson Objectives

All Students
: Will be able to
why we communicate design ideas using sketching (Level 3)

Most Students
: Will begin to
their pencil control, demonstrating
with line weight (Level 4)

Some students
: Will
freehand sketching ability by
investigating rendering
(Level 5)
Why would anyone want to learn to do this?
Like the exercise you have done before, we will count down from 5s to 1s- use the underlay sheet to trace the circuit design.

TIP: Don't rush to begin with! The idea is to get used to controlling your pencil for freehand sketching! :) GOOD LUCK!
Graphite Grand Prix
Cross Curricular... This is also the mathematical symbol for INFINITY.
Write as a subheading: My Cube..

Draw a cube.. That is all.
Task 2:
It's all about confidence, and not being scared to make mistakes!
Drawing a proper cube the easy way!
Any man can make mistakes, but only an idiot persists in his error"

Marcus Tullius Cicero
There are 3 main kinds of rendering (you may come across these in ART too!)
Rendering: A posh way to say shading!!!
Communicate ideas for products
Using Designs
To show size and scale
To show colours/ tones
of different parts
Brainstorming ideas
Show designs in CONTEXT
Complete the 3 kinds of rendering on your 3 cubes from last lesson.
Do you think you managed to improve your rendering?

What went well
? e.g. "I quickly managed to create hatching because I could use the ruler

What could have improved?
e.g. "I could have done with some more time to practice my drawing of the cube..."
Independent Learners and Reflection...
All Students
: Will be able to
the concept of "Scale" (Level 3)

Most Students
: Will be able to create drawings that
scaling up and scaling down,
this application to real life. (Level 4)

Some Students
: Will be able to
"dimensioning" and
it's purpose in design. (Level 5)
Lesson Objectives:
You have 1 minute to discuss with the person next to you what you think "scale" is in design....

A drawing that shows a real object with accurate sizes
except they have all been reduced or enlarged by a
certain amount (called the scale).
The drawing I create is exactly the same size as the product I am drawing

The drawing I create is 10 times smaller than the actual product

The drawing I create is 10 times bigger than the actual product
Scale in numbers...
Draw a line of 10cm.
Quick Fire Questions...
How big would the line be with a scale of:

1) 1:10
2) 1:2
3) 2:1
4) 10:1
Back to the cube...
Actual Size
(1:1 Scale)
1:2 scale
2:1 scale
Understanding "Scale" within drawings
Big Picture:
Create an A4 Poster on "Architecture"

You need to show:

What it is
Famous Architects
Pictures of Architecture
How many different kinds of drawing can you think
Types of Drawing
Isometric Drawing
Big Picture: To recognise the characteristics of
isometric drawing, and generate basic shapes in
this style
The term "isometric" comes from the Greek for "equal measure", reflecting that the scale along each axis of the projection is the same.
i.e. there is no PERSPECTIVE
On your isometric paper, there are 3 drawings of increasing difficulty I want you to try....
Your Turn...
1) Beginner (Level 3)
2) Intermediate (Level 4)
3) Expert (Level 5+!)
Extension.. Render them in the styles we have covered
(Hatching, Cross Hatching, Gradient)

Write the Date, and the Big picture:

Big Picture: To understand the meaning of a design classics, fashions and fads.
What do you think the above phrases mean??
"An industrially manufactured object which is timeless... despite the year it was designed, it is still up to date!"

Group Learners:

How many can you list on your tables in 3 minutes???
Design Classics
Winning table= 10
vivos each!
Lesson Objectives:

All students:
will be able to define the terms "Design Classic" "Fad" and "Fashion"

Most Students:
will be able to identify and explain the difference between "Design Classics" "Fashion" and "Fads"

Some Students:
will be able to evaluate the impact of "Fads" on the design industry
Design Fads...
An intense and widely shared enthusiasm for something, especially one that is short-lived; a craze

Individually, separate the pictures of various products from the past 100 years in to 2 categories: "Design Classics" "Fashion" and "Fads"
What happens??...
A product that is considered "up to date" and the current
trend- not around forever... nor a 2 minute phase.
Design Fashions
Group discussion...
What are the latest fashions in 2012?
In pairs... From when you were born, how many different Fads can you think of??! There are HUNDREDS!
'By Christmas this year, The iPod will be dead, finished, gone, kaput.'
— Sir Alan Sugar, February 2005
Always be careful what you say....
Amstrad Email phone
voted in top 10 worst
products of ALL time...
I unfortunately had one.
Look at these graphs... what does it all mean??
How would you go about drawing this building?
In the corner of your work, write down any questions you have regarding the kingsford city project and any problems you think you may run into whilst producing your drawing
Self Assessment:
Lesson Objectives:
All Students Will:
Be able to explain the definition of "Crating" (Level 3)

Most Students Will:
demonstrate crating systems to generate useful templates for complex 3D designs (Level 4)

Some Students:
Will evaluate the importance of building up drawings rather than trying to draw all in one go
"Using a "box structure" to create a more complicated drawing by using basic lines as a reference point"

Write the date and...

Big Picture: To understand what a design movement is, with examples.
Discuss in pairs: What could a design movement be?
"A particular style that many products are designed in, at a particular time"

This is typically related to the "fashions" that we discussed earlier.
Design Movement:
Task 1: Cut out the 4 pictures and put them in the order of years you think they were made.
Write the title on a blank page: "Design movement timeline"
Time Limit: 4 Minutes!

Art Nouveau was a decorative style applied to the surface of products
ranging from buildings, tea pots, chairs and wallpaper.

It is characterised by lines that flow in patterns.

An example of a designer who used this style was Charles Rennie Macintosh
Art Nouveau
1890- 1910
This was a Dutch modern movement using strong geometrical images with pure colour and form.

They focused on using materials to create shapes that were simple, and where
was more important that

An example of a famous Bauhaus designer is Walter Gropius
Art Deco was a rejection of the over complicated designs of the

It combined the decoration of Art Nouveau
with the simple functional style of the Bauhaus.

Features of Art Deco are its simple clean lines with striking colours

Cheap industrial materials such as plastics, metals and concrete
were used together
with expensive natural materials such as silver, ivory and crystal.
Art Deco
1920- 1940

Due in Thursday

Create a mood board of different MEMPHIS DESIGN PRODUCTS
Mood Board Example
Memphis Design...
The Memphis Group was an Italian design and architecture group started by Ettore Sottsass

The group produced and exhibited furniture and design objects that used bright vivid colours, and geometric shapes.

What product would you like to see designed in this style?
Which of the design movements is your favourite?
e.g. I like the Memphis style because the shapes and colour they use are eye- catching!
I would like to see a car designed in this style.
You have 3 minutes to design a table in the style of ONE of the design movements....


Try to think of KEY WORDS associated with these design styles!
What is a

What would you make a

could you use to make a
Lesson Objectives:

All students:
will be able to explain the definition of a prototype
(Level 3b)

Most Students:

apply knowledge of materials and examples of prototypes
(Level 3a)

Some students:
will develop their own prototype of a piece of furniture using modelling techniques

(Level 4+)
Task 1:
Design a new piece of furniture in the MEMPHIS style.

Top tip: You are going to have to create this in card!! Don't make it too complicated!!
Wine Rack...
Time Limit: 7 Minutes
Task 2:
Swap your ideas with a partner...

Set a target for your partner to achieve their design...

e.g. Make sure you design your parts carefully...
Task 3:
Draw out your parts on your piece of card!!

Mark out where you're going to
cut strips and slots!
Time Limit: 5 Minutes. Accuracy is key!
Term 2:
Keyring Project!
Task 1: Complete the 6 questions on your paper to audit knowledge of measurements and units of measurement
Time Limit: 4 Mins
What's the point being a
designer if you can't use a ruler???
Lesson Objectives:

All students: Will understand basic units of measurement and how to construct them (Level 3c)

Most Students: Will understand how carry out a risk assessment before a practical task

Some students: Will b
Find the picture of your Memphis Style piece of furniture...

Stick it in to your book

Write down 1 thing you learned from the project

Write Down 1 thing you enjoyed about the card modelling

Write down 1 thing you think you could have improved in your final model
Big Picture:

To understand units of measurement and construct accurate technical drawings.
Units of measurement:

In technology the are all kinds of measurements, but to measure the length of sides of a product, we use centimeters and millimeters....
Cent: (French for 100- 100 cm in one metre)
Mille: (French for 1000- 1000mm in one metre)
I am going to be creating a prototype of a key ring.

To do this I will need:

70mm x 50mm acrylic (plastic)
A file
A coping saw
A Pillar drill with 5mm diameter drill
Fine sand paper
Risk Assessment:

This is where you identify anything (tools/ materials) that could cause injury or harm when in a workshop.

It is important to do this so you know how to avoid injury:
Task 1: Carry out a risk assessment of the tools we are going to be using, this will include:

*A picture of the tool
*A rating from 1- 5 (1= high risk of injury, 5= low risk of injury)
*A description of how to use it safely and what to do to avoid injury
Risk Assessment
Time limit- 5 minutes
Assessment Criteria

Level 2 - Your Styrofoam Key Fob has not been marked out accurately. Therefore the edges are at the wrong angles and the hole is in the incorrect position.
Hand File-
Risk (4)
The file has small teeth which can cause skin irritation, when using the file, work must be placed in a vice to hold it steady. Never walk around with a file.

Risk (5)
Largely harmless, however if this is burned it is carcinogenic (gives off fumes which can cause you to have lung problems).

Sand Paper-
Risk (4)
Must be used carefully to avoid irritation to skin.

Pillar Drill-
Risk (2)
Drill bit revolving at speed is quite sharp, and has the potential to puncture the skin. Goggles must be worn to avoid any material getting in to the eyes. Must know where the emergency stop button is in case of emergency.
Level 4 - Your Styrofoam Key Fob is the correct dimensions. All four corners are sanded off at 45˚. The hole is central and in the correct position.
Level 3 - Your Styrofoam Key Fob is approximately the correct dimensions (+/- 1mm). Most corners are 45˚.
Task 1
How many different kinds of metal can you list?

20 vivos for the most!
Task 2:
Match up the different metals to their uses and properties:
What on earth is this??
Corrugated metal- resistant to wear and good for floors!
means the metal is made of
pure material e.g.
comes straight from the core of the earth

is where
two or more
metals have been
together to create a new material with more desirable properties e.g.
(Made from Tin, Copper and Silver)
Mini Quiz:

1) Name 2 different examples of metals

2) What are the 2 different types of metals, and how are these different?
1) Iron, Steel, Copper, Pewter, Aluminium, Zinc, Tin, Magnesium...

2) Elements (e.g. Iron- just made from 1 material)
Alloys- Made from a mixture of 2 or more metals (e.g. Steel is made from Iron and Copper)
How did you do????
How do we create a piece of jewellery in pewter?
1. Create a design... this must not be too complicated, otherwise it will be too difficult to cut out by hand, and will not work when we pour the metal.

The Design needs a "Pouring Hole"

2. Draw the outline of the design on to the piece of MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)

3. Cut this design out carefully using a coping saw. The work must be in a vice. This is called the "Mould"

4. Place the Mould in between 2 pieces of wood and clamp in the vice with the pouring hole facing up.
Designing Your Piece...
Key Rules:

1) Remember the pouring hole! This is cut off at the end, but you need it for the pewter to pour in to the mould!

2) KISS (Keep It Simple Stupid!!) There is no point creating a design that is too difficult, it wont work because we rely on gravity for the metal to pour in to the mould!
Cutting Your Piece...
Key Rules:

1) Remember the pouring hole! This is cut off at the end, but you need it for the pewter to pour in to the mould!

2) KISS (Keep It Simple Stupid!!) There is no point creating a design that is too difficult, it wont work because we rely on gravity for the metal to pour in to the mould!
Creating Additional Pieces...
Using the coping saw, create additional pieces for your pewter key ring using acrylic.
In the industry...
Pewter casting would look a little different to how we do it!
What are the differences?

How many dangers can you spot in
the workshop?

Learning Objectives:

All Students: Will appreciate the health and safety rules within the workshop

Most Students: Will understand the use and dangers of particular pieces of equipment in the workshop

Some Students: Will appreciate the extent of hazards in the workshop
Spot the Hazard! (Most = 10 vivos)
Welcome to Mr. Johnson's Workshop
Do Now:

Write down something interesting you did over the Chrstmas Break!

Health and Safety Hazards
1) Pins on the floor which could be stepped on
2) Gas is close to the heater
3) No goggles so he could get splinters in his eye
4) Meths is close to the heater, which could explode
5) Shoelace is untied, he could fall over
Hazardous Items in the workshop
1) Band saw
2) Vacuum Former
3) Steel Rule
4) Line Bender
5) Buffer
6) Kiln
7) Fret Saw
8) Hot air gun
Write the date and the title:
Sketching Skills
Task 1:

Write down:

One thing you can draw with confidence
One thing you don't think you could draw
Do Now....
1) Find your poly- prints from last lesson.
2) Cut them out
3) Stick them in... WORSE FIRST -------> Better to show your progression!

4) Write ONE thing that went well about the poly printing
5) Write ONE thing you would have improved about your poly print if you had more time
On your A3 Isometric page, add in some different shapes around your cube:
Group Activity:
Learning Objective: To create a poster about Memphis Design that includes:

1) Information about what Memphis Design is
2) Pictures
3) You group's own drawings of Memphis Designs
4) A new design of Memphis that your group will create in wood next week!
1) On a new page write the date and title: Memphis Prototyping

2) Stick in the 2 pictures from your prototyping

3) Write down 2 things you found easy/ enjoyed about the prototyping

4) Write down 1 thing you wish you could have improved.

Create a sketch of one of the Design Classics we discussed.

E.g. Mini, Phone Box,
Group Task

Create a Memphis Style piece of furniture in a group of 3-4 that includes:

A final prototype
A final design sheet
A group presentation
You will be marked /10 for

Final Idea
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