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Common Fisheries Policy
Transcript of Common Fisheries Policy
It has provisions for:
External fisheries treaties
Enforcements of regulations
Quotas for member states.
Market interventions. Common Fisheries Policy The Policy has been criticised both by scientists concerned with dwindling fish stocks, and by fishermen, who say it is threatening their livelihoods. Fishing is a relatively unimportant economic activity within the EU.
It represents no more than 10% of local employment in any region of the EU, but it is often in areas where other employment opportunities are limited.
For this reason, community funds have been made available to fishing as a means of encouraging regional development. Evolution of the CFP 1970
When the fisheries policy was originally set up the intention was to create a free trade area in fish and fish products with common rules. It was agreed that fishermen from any state should have access to all waters. 1976
In 1976 The EU extended its fishing waters from 12 miles to 200 miles from the coast in line with other international changes. This required additional controls subsequently led to CFP.
It was determined that there had been:
overinvestment in vessels
A decreas in the numbers of fish landed.
This led to a tightening of regulations and better monitoring of individual vessels. 1995
Although fishing could be managed by reducing the fleet size, available fish vary from year to year too much to make this sensible. So a permit system was introduced stating where and when boats are allowed to fish. 2009
In 2009, the EU Commission launched a wide-ranging debate on the way that EU fisheries are managed. It received contributions from EU citizens, organisations and EU-countries. The report on the consultation will be presented in March 2010. Overfishing is a a level of fishing resulting in the depletion of the fish stock. 1983
The CFP was officially created in 1983. This now had four areas of activity:
Conservation of stocks
Vessels and installations
External agreements with other nations. Why is overfishing a serious issue? Fish stocks need to renew themselves due to losses from both fishing and natural causes. It is therefore important that small fish are allowed to reach maturity so they can reproduce. With this in mind the CFP sets the maximum quantity of fish to be caught each year. This is divided among the member states to give the national quota for each country The number of small fish caught is limited by:
Minimum mesh sizes
Closure of certain areas to protect fish stocks
Banning of certain types of fishing
Recording catches and landings in a log book,